Why the People Shown Have Contrasting Views on the Priorities for Development
Kofi Annan believes that gender equality is fundamentally necessary in order to reduce poverty. As Secretary General of the United Nations, his views will reflect those of the UN; the UN's Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) include reducing gender inequality, as this could enable a 50% increase in potential workers for a particular job in developing countries, reducing their alienation on the global stage, and raising women out of poverty.
Brundtland's view is focused on health, as she is involved with the UN's World Health Organisation (WHO). She believes that increasing the health of all people equally will reduce poverty, and any remaining gender inequalities will then be easier to achieve.
Kagame is the president of an African nation, which receives over 25% of its gross domestic product (GDP) from aid. He recognises, more than most, that the debt trap is the biggest restriction to reducing poverty, as government revenue has to be spent on servicing debt, as opposed to public services. Trade will allow his country to prosper, if western subsidies and import tariffs are removed, as these currently prevent less economically developed countries (LEDCs) from manufacturing their abundant natural resources, hence they cannot benefit from value added goods, have poor terms of trade, and have to spend more on imports than is earnt from exports. This means that they have to take loans, thus continuing the debt trap, and thereby the poverty cycle.
Carter appreciates that the most impoverished people do not have access to communication devices, such as the internet, and they are more focused on jobs within their area, as they are less likely to be able to travel.