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World Malaria Threat

Updated on May 16, 2018
Pamela99 profile image

After 22 years as an RN, I now write about medical issues and new medical advances. Diet, exercise, and lifestyle are all important.

April 25th - World Malaria Day

Malaria is still one of the greatest world health threats despite the great strides over the last two decades. In 2016, an estimated 445,000 people still died malaria despite new treatments.

There has been an annual World Malaria Day symposium on April 25th during the last few years. Celebrations will happen around the world with a variety of activities to acknowledge the great progress that has occurred in the recent years; however, it is still a great cause of death in several countries.

John Hopkins Malaria Research Center holds a two day conference that has numerous experts speaking and teaching about the complexities of this disease; plus,what is happening in the world to irraticate this serious health threat.

As of in 2015, 212 million people developed malaria around the world and 429,000 people died from it, with the bulk being under five years of age in Africa.

Anopheles mosquito

Source

HBO Special - Mary and Martha

HBO played the movie "Mary and Martha", staring Hilary Swank and Brenda Blethyn. This film is about two mothers who unite after living through their traumatic events in Africa.

Malaria No More and Norvartis Pharmaceuticals have sponsered this movie to increase awareness and to begin their new campaign to fight this horrid disease.

Facts on Malaria

Deaths is Africa from malaria have been reduced by one third over the last 10 years. Out of 53 countries affected by malaria, 35 have reduced their incidences of malaria by 50 percent.

In addition, the mortality rate for children have decreased 20 percent, so this World Malaria Day has some very good reasons for celebration. These are remarkable statistics, although the fight is far from over as 10 percent of the world's population will be stricken this year again.

Since 93 percent of deaths occurred in the African region, much more work needs to be done. Pregnant women and children under the age of five are most often the ones that do not live through the ravages of this disease.

Malaria Lifecycle

Symptoms for Malaria

This mosquito born disease results in a rather wide range of symptoms and degrees of illness. Some people are bitten and actually do not develop any symptoms or maybe just mild symptoms. There is always an incubation period after being bitten that lasts from seven to 30 days.

There is a mild, uncomplicated type of malaria that lasts from six to 10 hours. The symptoms are similar to having a short case of the flu, which ends in a sweat as the body temperature returns to normal.

The initial symptoms of a more serious case following the incubation period include: chills (moderate to severe), high fever, profuse sweating as the temperature falls, headaches, and vomiting.

Severe Malaria Symptoms may Include:

  1. Cerebral symptoms - impairment of consciousness, seizures, comas
  2. Severe anemia
  3. Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) - oxygen exchange is inhibited
  4. Blood coagulation abnormalities
  5. Cardiovascular collapse, low blood pressure
  6. Low blood glucose
  7. Metabolic acidosis - excessive acidity in the blood
  8. Hyperparasitemia - occurs when great than five percent of RBCs are infected
  9. Renal failure
  10. Severe Anemia

Even after a patient recovers from an episode of malaria, it is possible that they may have addition attacks.

Prevention of Malaria

This disease occurs in 100 countries, but it is treatable and preventable. At one time it was prevelant in Europe and the United States, but by using aggressive treatment and prevention it was fully irradicated it in 1951.

In developing nations, prevention consists of spraying homes with safe insecticides, using anti-malarial drugs and the use of insecticide-treated bed nets at night.

There are numerous medications available to treat malaria, but it should be treated as soon as the first symptoms are noticed. In addition to the disease treating medications, there is also primaquine. This is a medication that will kill dormant parasite liver forms to prevent a relapse.

Malaria Picture Video

Cure for Malaria

Fortunately,malaria funding has increased six-fold over the past 10 years.The World Health Organization, the Global Malaria Action Plan and the Roll Back Malaria Partnership have coordinated their international efforts in fund raising and treating the disease, The Bill and Melinda Gates foundation has also been very active.

They still need more effective policies and increased funding to continue the fight.

Their goals are to "control, eliminate and ultimately irradiate" this huge health threat to the world.

The copyright, renewed in 2018, for this article is owned by Pamela Oglesby. Permission to republish this article in print or online must be granted by the author in writing.

Comments

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  • Pamela99 profile imageAUTHOR

    Pamela Oglesby 

    5 years ago from Sunny Florida

    sallybea, I am so sorry for your loss. In the US we do not hear much about malaria, but it is certainly a big problem in other parts of the world. I hope the vaccine will erase this disease. Thank you for your comments.

  • sallybea profile image

    Sally Gulbrandsen 

    5 years ago from Norfolk

    Interesting Hub. My own son contracted recurring type of Malaria in Mozambique whilst holidaying there and a relative of mine died from Cerebral Malaria. I did see recently that a new vaccine has been developed. This is wonderful news and a real break through for Scientists. It should save many lives.

    Thanks for making people aware of Malaria, always important when travelling to places where they are present.

  • Pamela99 profile imageAUTHOR

    Pamela Oglesby 

    5 years ago from Sunny Florida

    Majidsiko, I am sorry to hear you suffered from this disease. I know it has been a plague on humianity for centuries. I appreciate your comments.

  • Majidsiko profile image

    Majidsiko 

    5 years ago from Kenya

    Malaria was very detrimental disease that changed the courses of wars. Treatments where actually formed due shortages of quinine during the world wars.

    In africa its still on of the number one killers around. I have got it about 3 times and seen people dying from it. Its not a way to go out.

  • Pamela99 profile imageAUTHOR

    Pamela Oglesby 

    5 years ago from Sunny Florida

    Vivava Ghimire, I sure hope they are able to eradicate those mosequitos. It is such an awful disease. Thank you for your comments and I wish you well.

  • Vinaya Ghimire profile image

    Vinaya Ghimire 

    5 years ago from Nepal

    Pamela,

    More people die from malaria than any other diseases. Even in my country, many people die from malaria in mosquito breeding season. In the past few years, government has taken initiative to eradicate malaria by distributing mosquitoes nets.

  • Pamela99 profile imageAUTHOR

    Pamela Oglesby 

    5 years ago from Sunny Florida

    Peggy, Thank yoy for letting me know about the video. Malaria is is such an awful disease.I appreciate your comments and the pin,

  • Peggy W profile image

    Peggy Woods 

    5 years ago from Houston, Texas

    Hi Pamela,

    Mosquitoes can carry such deadly diseases and it is sad to think that even with the progress in the fight against malaria that 10% of the world's population will be infected by it this year. That is an astonishing figure! Kudos to the Gates Foundation and everyone else pitching in with this fight. You might wish to know that your first video is no longer available in case you wish to replace it. UUI votes and will pin to my Health related subjects board.

  • Pamela99 profile imageAUTHOR

    Pamela Oglesby 

    5 years ago from Sunny Florida

    RTalloni, Thank you so much for sharing your personal experience. I think that anyone that is willing to risk their life for others is certainly very special. I do hope they come up with some better vaccines, but I also agree that it is a never ending battle.

  • RTalloni profile image

    RTalloni 

    5 years ago from the short journey

    Very interesting to read more about malaria and efforts to treat it, to keep it at bay and/or eradicate it. We have a friend who is studying here so she can go back to Africa as a doctor because the needs are so great. We have other friends who worked there and contracted malaria. Even with the best treatment, the disease is debilitating and agonizing. Just last week we received word that a friend in Mombasa contracted what was in the last reports diagnosed as Dengue from a mosquito bite and has passed away. It's one thing to look with compassion at the diseases people face due to how the fall affected all of creation, and another thing to face it first hand. We are thankful for progress in the fight against these diseases, though it will be a never-ending battle until the end of time as we know it.

  • teaches12345 profile image

    Dianna Mendez 

    5 years ago

    It is about that time of year again for most of the country, mosquitoes will be out in numbers. I hate that we have to watch for this disease. Great post and brings awareness of a really important health issue. Voted up.

  • Pamela99 profile imageAUTHOR

    Pamela Oglesby 

    5 years ago from Sunny Florida

    Martie, You have certainly had very personal experience with this disease. I sure hope they come up with a vaccine. Thanks so much for your comments and sharing your experience.

    tobusiness, I agree; it would be remarkable. I am glad to know that more research is being done now. Thanks so much for your comments.

  • tobusiness profile image

    Jo Alexis-Hagues 

    5 years ago from Lincolnshire, U.K

    Pamala, this is wonderfully informative!...It would be pretty remarkable if Malaria could one day be eradicated from the planet. Great article, I'll look out for the film.

    Take care and best wishes.

  • MartieCoetser profile image

    Martie Coetser 

    5 years ago from South Africa

    Very informative hub and well-presented. We still have some malaria regions in our country - the lowveld regions - and especially in neighboring countries. Anti-malaria medication has to be taken when we visit these regions.

    My brother almost died from malaria. Years after the initial attack he suffered recurrent attacks almost as vicious as the first. The man who had bought my estate agency died from malaria shortly after our transaction was closed.

  • Pamela99 profile imageAUTHOR

    Pamela Oglesby 

    5 years ago from Sunny Florida

    Mary, I sure hope you are right. I think the movie is really going to help spread the word, and I did not know malaria still existed in such vast numbers until I did the research. As a nurse for 22 years, I never saw a case of malaria. Thanks for your comments.

  • tillsontitan profile image

    Mary Craig 

    5 years ago from New York

    Having just watched Marth and Mary I knew about the threat Malaria still carries but must admit before watching that movie didn't realize it either. It doesn't touch our lives so we don't think or know about it. Hopefully writing like this wonderful hub will keep the public aware of it and it's eradication will happen.

    Voted up, useful, and interesting. Shared too.

  • Pamela99 profile imageAUTHOR

    Pamela Oglesby 

    5 years ago from Sunny Florida

    Nell Rose, It is a sad disease,, but I am encouraged that they are making some progress. I appreciate your comments..

  • Nell Rose profile image

    Nell Rose 

    5 years ago from England

    Hi Pamela, Malaria is such a horrible thing, and its great to see the improvement, but as you say we still need to eradicate it completely if its possible, interesting and sad hub, voted up, nell

  • Pamela99 profile imageAUTHOR

    Pamela Oglesby 

    5 years ago from Sunny Florida

    Pop, It does not seem to be something that is talked about much in the U.S., as we the only Americans that get this disease are usually ones that have traveled to infested areas. Thanks for your comments.

  • breakfastpop profile image

    breakfastpop 

    5 years ago

    Thanks for bringing this issue to light. I had no idea that malaria still posed such a threat. Up and interesting.

  • Pamela99 profile imageAUTHOR

    Pamela Oglesby 

    5 years ago from Sunny Florida

    prasetio, I hope we can prevent it completely sometime in the near future. Thanks for your comments.

  • Pamela99 profile imageAUTHOR

    Pamela Oglesby 

    5 years ago from Sunny Florida

    Audry, It is amazing that we are not more aware of a disease that affects such a large percentage of the populaiton. I appreciate your comments.

  • prasetio30 profile image

    prasetio30 

    5 years ago from malang-indonesia

    Very informative hub. I learn many things about malaria disease. I hope we can prevent it well. Thanks for writing and sharing with us. Up and useful :-)

    Prasetio

  • akirchner profile image

    Audrey Kirchner 

    5 years ago from Washington

    Definitely frightening how we can be so isolated and not know about the horrors that other countries face. Great info, Pamela and hopefully we will figure out a way to make the world safer everywhere!

  • Pamela99 profile imageAUTHOR

    Pamela Oglesby 

    5 years ago from Sunny Florida

    Audry, It is a scary disease. Thanks so much for your comments.

  • AudreyHowitt profile image

    Audrey Howitt 

    5 years ago from California

    Scary the diseases that mosquitoes bring! What a great hub!

  • Pamela99 profile imageAUTHOR

    Pamela Oglesby 

    5 years ago from Sunny Florida

    drbj, I have it set up to tape today. I enjoyed the research and appreciate your comments.

  • Pamela99 profile imageAUTHOR

    Pamela Oglesby 

    5 years ago from Sunny Florida

    Patricia, I think they are working hard to come up with a vaccine to cure this disease, at least I hope so. Thanks so much for the comments and the share. Angles to you too.:)

  • Pamela99 profile imageAUTHOR

    Pamela Oglesby 

    5 years ago from Sunny Florida

    Angelo, I'm glad you learned some new information from the hub and I appreicate your comments. Thanks for the share.

  • drbj profile image

    drbj and sherry 

    5 years ago from south Florida

    Hi, Pamela. I saw that film, 'Mary and Martha,' recently and it was an excellent medium to heighten our awareness of this deadly disease that still exists in other parts of the world. Thanks for your remarkable research, m'dear.

  • pstraubie48 profile image

    Patricia Scott 

    5 years ago from sunny Florida

    O dear....this made me cry...the video alone was a wake up call enough....It is hard to believe that John Kennedy and our first President both had malaria.

    It clearly can be anyone's disease.

    Calling attention to this disease may one day lead to its demise...am I being too optimistic?? I hope not.

    Thanks for putting this out here.

    Sharing and voted up ++++

    Angels and blessings are on the way :) ps

  • Angelo52 profile image

    Angelo52 

    5 years ago from Central Florida

    Good article on malaria and its symptoms. Didn't know there were degrees to its affects on humans. Thumbs up and shared.

  • Pamela99 profile imageAUTHOR

    Pamela Oglesby 

    5 years ago from Sunny Florida

    Faith, That was fast! I think many men in the wars suffered from this disease. I didn't know about Elvis. I had thought malaria was irraticated in the U.S. before the 1950s. Thanks so much for your comments. God bless.

  • Faith Reaper profile image

    Faith Reaper 

    5 years ago from southern USA

    Wow, I did not realize how much of a threat Malaria still is to us this day. I know my dad had it back when he was in the wars and was hospitalized at Walter Reed in Washington, where my mother just happened to also see Elvis Presley, who was hospitalized there too with malaria!!!

    Thanks for the insightful hub.

    Voted up +++ and sharing

    God bless, Faith Reaper

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