The Anglo-Indian's, The Creation Of A Master Race
The Anglo-Indian, a fine specimen of the English establishment's attempt at creating a master race to rule India.
This was a cunning plan that started by accident in the late 1600's by depraved sex-driven young soldiers who arrived in India as part of their mission to control and overthrow. Anglo-Indian ancestry, therefore, was usually started from the male line and extends not just to British origin but also European. As Portugal had a predominant influence extending pre-1600's, this blood line is included in the the Anglo Indian term.
The British soldiers mingled with Indian woman who, incidentally, thought they were a good catch. Being impoverished, these men had more to offer than just comfort, but a life-style and money. The white men from a mystical land of snow, trees and greenery must have enthrauled those of a Hindu or Muslim background and this must have added to the excitement.
A Fine Specimen Of An Anglo-Indian
Anglo-English - A Master Race Ready To Rule
Warriors from another land, it was not surprising that the women of India started procreating and giving birth to the Anglo-Indian child.
This, initially, must have been seen as problematic to the British establishment of the time but with thought, it was deemed as something productive. Why not create a new establishment within India? One that, with the marriage of both blood lines, could justify and forge an alliance between the two races.
This new half-cast race would be the breed that will rule India. They would be very British, speak both English and Hindi and have the genetic stock to be resilient to many Indian diseases. Being bread, therefore, with genetic stock from the Indian female line that stemmed from thousands of previous generations would create a master race that will be well equiped to rule India. This, therefore, would act as the glue between the two cultures.
Alistair McGowan Is Anglo-Indian. Learn about Anglo-Indian's Here
No Anglo-Indian's, No British Raj
And so, this was done. The soldiers were actively encouraged to marry, have children by and teach their Indian woman to be British. In return, they were given 15 rupees as a family allowance
Housing quarters were set up, servants employed and a high set of privilege up-bringing, quintessentially that associated with British aristocracy was organised.
These Anglo-Indian children wanted for nothing. They were to become the British Raj, after all, and they were the foundations of the new settlement in this rich, abundant land full of desirable resources and cheap labour.
It has always been known that any great empire is founded upon slave or cheap labour, and Great Britain was growing further than most of their other victorious predecessors.
These Anglo Indians were mollycoddled and treated as precious commodities to the future of India. They wanted for nothing and were the only micro minority to be cited in the constitution:
Article-366 of the Indian Constitution states:
An Anglo-Indian means a person whose father or any of whose male ancestors in the male line is or was of European descent but who is domiciled within the territory of India and is or was born within such territory of parents habitually resident therein and not established there for temporary purposes only.
Without the Anglo-Indian, the settlement in India would have collapsed and would not have survived up until 1947.
Anglo-Indian Definition as of 1830
In 1830 British Parliament described the Anglo-Indian as:
'those who have been English educated, are entirely European in their habits and feelings, dress and language. They were more "Anglo" than "Indian". Their mother tongue was English, they were Catholic or Anglican and their customs and traditions were English. While most of them married within their own circle, many continued to marry expatriate Englishmen. Very few married Indians.'
Those in a position of power within the Motherland - i,e, Great Britain - trusted the Anglo-Indian's to set up and mould India into it's subsidiary. The British Empire would expand and develop an amazing infrastructure which is enjoyed still today - the Railway system, roads and standards.
In return for looking after the 'Jewel in the British Crown', the Anglo-Indian's enjoyed a wonderful life of servants and prestige at the expense of the British Raj.
Every Dog Has It's Day - The British Raj
Like every dog, the British Raj had it's day. Anglo-Indian's found themselves as a useless generation - no longer needed and held in high regard. Their use became null and void despite fighting in two world wars and forging links between black and white.
The top tier of India vanished as if in a puff of smoke on August 15th 1947. They were disbursed throughout the British Empire with just £10 to help them start a new life, leaving behind just 300.000 Anglo-Indian's within their birth land.
How far the mighty fell. They were destitute, poor and inadequately skilled in the rules of survival. These people were neither street wise or prepared for a new life without the privileges that they had been born into.
A Master Race Retracts Along With An Empire
Allan's Story Of Being Anglo-Indian
Speaking to Allan, an Anglo-Indian whom I met on my recent trip to Goa in India, it dawned on me that Eugenics has thrived long before it's invention. The philosophy was the same, but the label was different. Allan was part of a lost generation that had been created as part of a pre-ordained elite social hierarchy.
As a boy, he knew nothing of suffering. He was being groomed to serve the British Raj and, in return, have a life where he would not want for anything.
It was, indeed, a shock to him when he entered the British shores and there was no one to take his suitcase, to fetch and carry for him. He had to make his own way in life and for a while, just like many Anglo-Indian's, he roamed aimlessly.
The person he was had to be deconstructed. His identity thrown. The foundations of his whole being must have been obliterated in an effort of 'sink or swim'. Like many of his kind, he must have had to reinvent himself.
Some survived and made the best of things. Allan did this. Typically, like many Anglo-Indian's, he married a British woman, settled down and had a daughter. He adapted and worked, however, he is the last of this master race. Now this line will be lost but, hopefully through articles like mine, it won't be forgotten.
Allan did survive his upbringing. He did leave it behind. Unfortunately, other's couldn't.
Although, by all accounts, Allan's brother appeared to have a 'stiff upper lip', some people are just too broken to mend. No matter how good the underpinning is to the foundations of an identity, when social damage goes too far back in history, nothing can alleviate the suffering. Perhaps deep rooted within this Anglo-Indian's psyche, the only relief was death?
Allen's older brother committed suicide. I wondered, whilst talking to Allan, was it anything to do with the downfall of the British Raj? I know that there were many factors that cause successful suicide, but it did cross my mind whether this had something to do with it..
For now, I will leave this for you to decide. After all, this might be his truth, but as we all know, the dead can't talk. What I do know, is that we have to keep this history alive.
References and Further Reading
A site compiled as a clearing house for Anglo-Indian culture and heritage. Historical, genealogical and social information was required to serve the Anglo-Indian community.
- Anglo-Indian - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article is about people of mixed Anglo and Indian ancestry or people of European descent born in India.
- Beverley Pearson's Speech
This speech was given by him at the Anglo-Indian Association of NSW Anniversary Dance in October of 2005 in Sydney, Australia. He was delighted to find that the response of the Anglo Indians was simply: "You made us proud to be an Anglo-Indian!"
© Shazwellyn 2013 - This work is covered under Creative Commons License