I think it is correct to say, that at different times within a given place, one can notice certain, repeating political, cultural, social, and economic patterns, sometimes. It seems to me that the notion that "history repeats itself," or "Those who do not know history are doomed to repeat it," are one-liners. One has to be careful about putting too much stock in one-liners.
It's like Joe Friday's famous "Just the facts, M'am," from Dragnet. That character said that line one time in one episode. But it obviously had staying power. The line became iconic.
Also, there is the obvious problem that two intelligent, reasonable people can interpret "history" in two different ways. Are the patterns worth repeating, if that is possile? Or, should the patterns not be repeated, if it could be avoided?