Grace, the key word here is "TRADITIONAL."
And, up until recently, it was "traditional" in US society for people to pull themselves up by their own bootstraps and not to be overly-reliant on government and other powers that be. And it was also "traditional" for adult men and women to teach their children to be productive, law-abiding citizens and not to leave it all up to the public schools and other entities ... and I could go on.
What I am driving up to is, because much of US society is abandoning -- at warp speed -- many of the "traditional" rules and values that are at the root of the USA's "success story," the nation is experiencing a number of vast social and economic problems that it may not be able to recover from.
In summation, and in my opinion, hardly anyone has a "phobic fear of progress and/or modernity." It is just that many of us out here thoroughly realize that in order for the nation to survive and to continue to advance, we must not stop adhering to a number of "old-fashioned rules and values."