At the time the US Civil War began, many in the south believed that they would be victorious, in large part because of the vast expanse of the Confederacy - about 750,000 square miles. Yet, the Union won. What gave the Union the victory?
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Absolutely - Lincoln was key to Union victory. Had McClellan won the election of 1864, it's likely that there would have been at least a truce between sides, and possibly an end to the war with the Confederacy partially intact.
Good points. Do you think perhaps the South could have fought a "smarter" war and eventually sapped the North of the will to fight?
No, because the south lacked the industrialization and manpower. If they had been smarter, they would have never gone to war in the first place. It was a war they couldn't win.
First 2 years on eastern front. 1st First Bull Run, The Seven Days, 2nd Bull Run, Antietam( a draw) Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville. All major battles won by the S w/ exception of Antietam. More heart? Cunning & logic? Nada. Re-check your facts.
It sounds as though you think the South should have won. I think it's about time to give that notion up. We lost. We need to accept that.
Keeping Kentucky neutral was something that the Confederates absolutely should have done - it was entirely in their power to do it. Controlling Maryland was a much more difficult thing, and the same with the UK alliance.