Archimedes of Syracuse was a Greek Mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and a astronomer. Although few details of his life are well known, he is regarded as one of the leading scientists in classical antiquity.
Among his advances in physics are the foundations of hydrostatics, statics and an explanation of the principle of the lever. He was credited with designing innovative machines, including siege engines and the screw pump that bears his name.
The modern experiments have tested claims that Archimedes designed machines capable of lifting attacking ships on fire using an array of mirrors.