Greek Philosopher Archelaus
Archelaus was a Greek philosopher of the Ionian school. He was bom probably at Athens in the early 5th century B.C. Surnamed Physicus (the physicist) because of his devotion to physical science, he was a pupil of Anaxagoras, and according to Ion of Chios he became the teacher of Socrates and Euripides.
The outlines of his system were those of his teacher, but for the details of his cosmology he went back to the ideas of the earlier Ionic physicists. He postulated a primitive matter, acted upon by a ruling mind, which produced fire and water, and from them animal life. He held man to be superior to other beings by reason of his artistic and moral powers.