Civil War Recruitment Posters
Recruiting Soldiers for the Civil War with Posters and Rallies
Many of the troops serving in the Civil War were volunteers who joined to fight for a cause that was important to them. My great-great grandfather joined the 93rd Indiana Volunteer Infantry in Company G.
As the war dragged on, it became more difficult to raise the needed manpower and the recruitment posters offered more enticements in the form of bounties. Eventually both sides resorted to drafts.
Zazzle graphic: Cavalry! by Dividenda
Bounty Pay Was Added on Recruitment Posters as the War Needed More Soldiers
When I received my great-great grandfather's pension record, it shows he received $25 bounty for volunteering and was to be paid $75 later. He enlisted in September 1862 in Indiana.
1861 Recruiting Poster - Men of Virginia to the Rescue!
This broadside appealed to southerners to join up and repel the invaders from the north. Dated 1861 - Staunton, Virginia
Band Members Recruited for the War
The recruitment poster for the Manhattan Rifles gave the names of the commanding officers, Lieut. Col. George Watson and Major JNO M Freeman. I'm assuming JNO is short for Jonathan.
There was an interesting line at the bottom of the poster. The unit wanted some musicians also.
Recruiting for Captain Alfred Driver's Company
- NY Civil War Recruitment Poster (click to see it)
This one is interesting as it lists the bounties to be paid to recruits. United States advance bounty $25 United States advance pay $13 United States enlistment fee $4 New York State bounty $50 Sixth District Committee bounty $10 total advance pay an
Civil War Recruiting Poster - Available from Amazon
This shows the commanding officer as Col. William Gurney in this 1864 Brooklyn recruiting poster.
Recruitment, Bounty Pay, Draft and Substitutions in the Civil War
I recently talked with someone who's great-great grandfather enlisted under an assumed name. When he researched further, he found that he had deserted from another company. Was this a way of collecting two recruitment bounties or was there some other reason for the double enlistment?
Samples of Recruiting Posters
Learn More about Recruitment and the Draft in the Civil War
- The substitution system in the Civil War
By Scott Mingus Early in the Civil War, regiments were all-volunteer, this page explains the shift to a draft, and the option to hire someone (pay them a bounty) to go in place of yourself.
- Union Draft in the Civil War
A brief explanation of the Union draft. An act for enrolling and calling out the National Forces was signed into law.....
- Men on the Homefront
Men on the Homefront, Civil War by Evan-Moor Short explanation of why and how some men avoided serving in the military during the Civil War.
- Civil War Draft
A study of the Civil War draft in Portage County, Wisconsin.
- Enlisting In A Civil War Army
An interesting account of recruiting methods in the early part of the war, 1861 and 1862.
This Poster Shows the Bounty Offered to New Recruits
Here's an example of a cavalry recruitment poster.
Wording from a Cavalry Recruiting Poster
The poster for the Lincoln Cavalry stated that it was commanded by Col. Andrew McReynold. It wants recruits who will provide their own horses and equipment. Particularly wanted are blacksmiths and farriers who will be paid extra. On the poster, it said, "50 cents a day is allowed for use of horse." That's almost better pay than the men got.
What Is Your Interest in the Civil War
Vote in the poll
New York Heavy Artillary Recruitment Poster from the Civil War
Poster from Zazzle: 1st New York Heavy Artillery by Dividenda
This poster recruits for the Heavy Artillery, First Regiment New York. The names given on the poster will draw in recruits who know and trust these leaders. There is Col. T.D. Doubleday, Lieutenant Col. S. Graham, First Major H.H. Hall, Second Major Thos Allcock (Thomas).
It advertises that it will give preference to experienced soldiers, saying "good position to soldiers who have seen service." The recruiting officer is Jas B. Gran (Jason).
More Civil War Recruitment Posters from Amazon
Recruiting posters are available (framed and unframed) from Amazon.
An 1862 Washington Cavalry Recruiting Flyer
The poster offers a bounty and tells what the monthly pay will be.
© 2011 Virginia Allain