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Culture Defined Life Being Human__Nurture vs Nature

Updated on January 28, 2013

Human Specie Nearly Went Extinct 80,000 Years Ago

Scholars of human anthropology and diggers of human past buried near old river beds and lakes in Africa. Such scholars and diggers have now pieced together the startling and almost unlikely story of human family origins as recent evolved specie, a specie that nearly died out as did about four other homo species, only about 80,000 years ago. Only one human specie barely survived__Homo Sapiens, us human beings.

That less than 100,000 years time frame is only an instant in the geological chronology of 3 billion years of life's presence known in the rocks and fossils on earth.

As a comparison, as discussed by scholar Mark Page in his new book, Wired for Culture (W.W.Norton and Company, 2012.) bacteria, one of the most successful life forms have protocols to transfer genes most rapidly among individual members. So as new genetic variations arrives, those variations that allows successful adoption are rapidly transfer to sub groups and eventually to that bacteria specie and even inter-specie. Humans have ability to transfer such "survival knowledge" rapidly by culture through the "social mind" that allows adaptation for survival of human specie. Wired for Culture book is available at Fairfax Public Library, Va


What made survival possible ?

For humans

And then the incredible migration to all parts of the earth and development of tribal existence in most of history since that early migration out of Africa now known to be only about 50,000 years ago, with a small bands of humans, typically traveling in 50 to 100 individuals, numbering as few as 10,000 individuals, men, women and children existing in that time frame?

Out of that band of early migrating Africans, came all of the present human ethnic voices with some 7000 speakers of languages who have survived and multiplied to the present number of some 7 billion worldwide.

This story is now pretty much documented though new evidence and discoveries are still being made, often in East Africa near where this original band of humans left their homeland to populate all corners and continents of earth.

The Imperial Animal__ A Classic Book of Our Family Origins


In the classic book, “The Imperial Animal” (Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1971), two anthropologist had observed that so called civilization is a “fantasy structure’ , from short history of few thousand years of agriculture to age of industrialization, nothing was added to the human wiring other than to expand the exponential growth of the human population.

Ninety nine percent of that time period after “Out of Africa”, population stayed steady to about 1 million in number and people used to a life in small bands of 50 to 100 within a tribal existence of genetically related bands.

Photo Album 01__Our Family Origins - Humanity

Click thumbnail to view full-size

Wired For Culture__A New Book About Human Origins - How Culture Drove Genetic Propensity among Diverse Tribes with existing 7,000 Human Living Languages reflect


Scholar Mark Pagel is an evolutionary biologist at a distinguished university at UK. His new book, “Wired For Culture__Origins of Human Social Mind” (W.W.Norton and Company, 2012) is a most important and valuable insights as to how culture drove the development of social existence of humans in a tribal existence for most of human history that created such a diversity of existence and people from the same gene pool of African origins for us all.

That extra ordinary diversity of people shaped by the geography of their life style, on the mountain, desert, tropics, and by the sea created tall tribal people, short ones, dark skinned, light skinned, and with variety of features often reflecting the environment where such bands of people existed, typically as hunter gatherer for 99% of human history, post “Out of Africa” and that created the social mind that drives our preferences and propensities that are encoded in our genes.

Such genetic propensities, whether generous, cooperate, caring, spiritual, empathetic, or self serving, violent, event criminal mended, much of it come from the “social mind”, both hardware and specially the software that drives he social mind that encodes our propensities, starting with parent/child/clannish relationships, leading to the bigger social culture of a neighborhoods where we grow to adulthood.

Page’s deep insight from his perspective of evolutionary biology and anthropology is food for thought in evolving the new political structures and community of vitality necessary for human survival from now to mid-21st Century and beyond if possible.

Survival of humanity is not guaranteed as many people so assumes and continuation of the present to future as can be perceived now, and not consciously perceived even by few generations ago.

Impetus of “Nurture” creates the consequence of “Nature” on an individual level.

Social Mind & Individual


Impetus of “Nurture” creates the consequence of “Nature” on an individual level.

That urgency gives our cherished belief of “freedom” on a national, and other mass levels, a new urgency.

Successful understand and actionable emerging from that “Social Culture” imperative can make possible sustainable humanity in the 21st Century and beyond.

Welcome to Culture Defined Life__Being Human Nurture vs. Nature

Just Before Rise Humanity


Wisdom of Carl Sagan - Remembered


Social Mind Hardwired Culture Define Life - Humanity Today and Now !


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      6 years ago

      This is great, thank you for your sharing, I really like them. :)


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