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The Divine Command Theory Supports That Abortion is Morally Wrong

Updated on February 16, 2012

A baby at only 8 weeks in the womb.



The divine command theory is the best theological approach to understanding morality. Unlike the natural law ethics, the divine command theory can “provide sufficiently clear moral direction and an adequate sense of duty” (Cowan and Spiegel, 2009). This theory is based on the fact that God is the creator of the laws governing morality and that he commands them; in that he would be against abortion and for pro-life.

Abortion is a very controversial topic right now. Cowan and Spiegel state that “an implicit divine command about the morality of abortion may be inferred from” the biblical scripture Exodus 21:22-24. This scripture is about a woman who has a miscarriage that was caused because two men who were fighting. The scripture does not flat out state that she had an abortion, but it implies that the miscarriage was not justified and immoral because a life was lost. It is a Christian belief “that the life of an unborn child is as valuable as that of an adult” (Cowan and Spiegel, 2009).

According to Isaiah 44:2, “thus says the LORD who made you, and formed you from the womb, who will help you. Do not fear, O Jacob My servant, and you Jeshurun whom I have chosen” (Deem, 2006). In the previously mention scripture God tells Jacob that he should feel no fear because God gave him life from his mother’s womb; wouldn’t that imply that God already chosen Jacob for a plan before he was created in his mother’s womb? The bible clearly states that human life was originally created in the womb, so why do those precious babies not have rights to their own life? Are they or are they not God’s creation?

The divine command theory would support that it is our duty to ensure that the human life, whether it is an adult or a baby in a womb, be given life and not have it taken away. It would be morally wrong and bad to do so. Therefore, abortion is morally wrong and unjustified.


Cowan, S. B., & Spiegel, J. S. (2009). The love of wisdom, a christian introduction to philosophy. (pp. 361-367). Nashville: B&H Academic.

Deem, R. (2006, August 21). The bible and abortion: The biblical basis for a prolife position. Retrieved from



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    • ib radmasters profile image

      ib radmasters 6 years ago from Southern California

      Thou Shalt Not Kill

      Yet, even the church has killed. Society kills, religious zealots do it. The commandments didn't come with instructions, or a list of exceptions.