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Dogs in Mythology

Updated on December 25, 2015

Pets, Pals and Psychopomps

Psychopomps are Guides of Souls, Ushers of the Dead, particular spirits, angels, animals or deities whose responsibility is is to escort the newly-deceased souls to the afterlife.

Psychopomps appear in many and diverse forms, but no form has more impressed us than that of the Dog.

He is buried deep in our unconscious and, when we speak of personal depression, we call it the Black Dog

The Hounds of Hekate await you at the Crossroads

The Hounds of Hekate await you at the Crossroads
The Hounds of Hekate await you at the Crossroads

The Dogs of Hekate

You will meet them at the crossroads

You may meet a ghostly hound at the crossroads, for this is his natural place

The crossroads serves as a liminal space, as a threshold, where the veil between the worlds is thinner.

The Dog is beloved of Hekate, and the pathways of Hekate are the pathways of the night.

Accompanied by barking dogs, she leads a ghostly retinue, and awaits you at the crossroads.

The Scottish Deerhound resembles the Cwn Anwyn
The Scottish Deerhound resembles the Cwn Anwyn | Source

The Hounds of Annwn

The eerie Cwn Annwn

In Welsh mythology, Arawn rides with his white, red-eared hounds (the Cwn Annwn or Hounds of Annwn) through the skies in autumn, winter, and early spring.

The baying of the hounds is identified with the crying of wild geese as they migrate, and the quarry of the hounds are the souls of the damned, being chased back to Annwn.

Although visible to earthly dogs that howl with fright when encountering the Cwn Annwn, the Hounds of Annwn can't be seen by ordinary human beings.

But we can certainly hear them (I pray that you do not!)


The Ancient East

Association with the Threshold

Early Sumerian people paid homage to the dog-headed goddess Bau and she has a close parallel in Anubis of Egypt.

Bau, principal goddess of the Lagash area, was associated with healing, and her alter ego was a dog. (Her name is onomatopoeic, it sounds like a barking dog - try it!).

Anubis is portrayed as a man with the head of a jackal-like animal.

Unlike a real jackal, his head is black, representing his position as a god of the dead. There is a beautiful statue of him as a full jackal in the tomb of Tutankhamun.

Anubis was a psychopomp, said to guide the souls of the dead for their judgement.

Both gods are associated with death and the liminal zone.

A monstrous dog guards the gates of the Underworld
A monstrous dog guards the gates of the Underworld

Dogs as Guardians

Dogs are natural guardians.

The guard dog of Hades was Cerberus. He was carried up from the Underworld by Hercules in one his Labours.

The similarly-named Cerbura is the three-headed infernal dog of the Krishna legend.

Another guard dog is found in Finland. Surma is a terrible beast from Finnish mythology. This huge dog with the tail of a snake, guards the gates of Tuonela, the realm of the dead.

Ghostly Hounds

Dogs in folklore and legend

These canine guardians can be frightening too.

There are many instances of black dog ghosts haunting lanes, bridges, crossroads, footpaths and gates, particularly in England and the Isle of Man. Packs of ghostly hounds have been recorded all over Britain, often heard howling as they pass by on stormy nights rather than actually seen.

These hounds generally foretell death if they are seen and to be safe, you must drop face-down onto the ground to avoid the sight of them


The Phantom Black Dogs of Britain

The Spectre Hound

And a dreadful thing from the cliff did spring,

and its wild bark thrill'd around,

His eyes had the glow of the fires below,

'twas the form of the spectre hound ..

Whatever the origin of the Black Dog, beware of him, for it is said he is still to be found in the wild lonely places of North England today.

The Black Dog of Bouley Bay - Jersey

Monstrous Black Dog of Bouley

The Black Dog pub in Bouley Bay, Jersey, (Man vyi), where a monstrous black dog is reputed to haunt the locality

Many years ago, the people of Trinity talked of a huge, black dog, with eyes the size of saucers, that roamed the cliff paths round Bouley Bay dragging its chain behind it.

The sound of the chain would frighten people so much that they would stop in their tracks only to be caught by the dog. The dog would then circle its victim at great speed in order to terrify them further.

Demon Dog of Central America

El Cadejo

El Cadejo is a large black dog smelling of sulphur, which lurks in the dark corners of cities and villages of Central America. The beast rattles through graveyards, attacking and eviscerating anyone who dares go out after dark. No one is safe at night on lone dark trails.

There are three types of black cadejo, ranging from the devil incarnate to its scouts and minions. There is, however, a white cadejos said to protect night travellers.

Not all Mythical Dogs are Monstrous

Some black dogs are said to be unquiet ghosts of wicked souls, but others are friendly guides and protectors to travelers. There was a faithful dog named Katmir who remained alert to guard seven Muslim boys while they slept for 309 years.

Do you believe dogs have supernatural abilities?

Even in a small way?

While we may no longer believe that dogs can see the death-bringing hounds of Annwn or are aware of Hecate at the crossroads foretelling death, our faithful companions are credited with the ability to detect ghosts, and their barking, whimpering or howling is the first warning of supernatural occurrences.

When a dog howls in an otherwise silent night, it is said to be an omen of death, or at least of misfortune.

My grandmother used to say that a howling dog at night meant somebody close would be very sick.

What do you think?

Do dogs have supernatural abilities?

See results

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    • Lady Lorelei profile image

      Lorelei Cohen 3 years ago from Canada

      Strange how so often black is associated with demonic, darkness, and death, even in animals.

    • Virginia Allain profile image

      Virginia Allain 3 years ago from Central Florida

      I'll blame you for my nightmares tonight. These are enough to scare a grown-up.

    • SandyMertens profile image

      Sandy Mertens 3 years ago from Frozen Tundra

      This is quite interesting about dogs mythology. Some evil looking photos too. But they are sweet.

    • profile image

      anonymous 5 years ago

      I've always had a fascination with Hades in Mythology. I remember fondly listening to stories about Cerberus.

    • profile image

      Glendame 5 years ago

      I hope I never hear the Hounds of Annwn!

    • FallenAngel 483 profile image

      FallenAngel 483 5 years ago

      Very interesting information. Myth fascinates me. My favourite dog in mythology is the War Dog of Odin but you have selected some very interesting ones here too.

    • profile image

      anonymous 5 years ago

      What about Orthrus, the two-headed dog? He made an appearance in the movie "Clash of the Titans" (the first movie).

    • WriterJanis2 profile image

      WriterJanis2 6 years ago

      You write some very interesting lenses.

    • GaelicForge profile image

      GaelicForge 6 years ago

      Dogs were very important animals in the ancient Celtic societies. Dogs were bred and cared for as members of the family.

    • profile image

      anonymous 6 years ago

      looking for legends on dogs that walk on their back legs like a person, have long snout and are sinister in appearance that disappear quickly and make eye contact before doing so.

    • profile image

      jimmyworldstar 6 years ago

      Interesting facts! I heard of the Cerberus from reading about Greek mythology. It makes sense they would be the guardians of the underworld because dogs have been used as guards for such a long time.

    • profile image

      Lucy2004 6 years ago

      very interesting and entertaining

    • skefflingecho profile image

      skefflingecho 6 years ago from Tobermory Ontario

      Excellent and fascinating! Lens blessed.

    • GonnaFly profile image

      Jeanette 6 years ago from Australia

      What a fascinating read.

    • penguinavations profile image

      penguinavations 6 years ago

      Nice lens!

    • Vintervarg LM profile image

      Vintervarg LM 7 years ago

      This one is really good! It should inspire me to write another folk song about the dark ancient past :-)

    • profile image

      anonymous 7 years ago

      Nice job on this lens of dogs and their mythology.

    • Addy Bell profile image

      Addy Bell 7 years ago

      Some of Edward Gorey's work featured a large black dog that was always in the image with the "narrator". After I read (looked at?) one of his works several years ago, I kept thinking I saw a large black dog out of the corner of my eye. I was relieved when I realized it was just the temple piece of my sunglasses :)

    • mythphile profile image

      Ellen Brundige 7 years ago from California

      Hah. I was just making the rounds to find a good lens to feature in the Squidoo Museum, but I can't keep featuring yours! I knew this must be one of yours as soon as I saw the title, and as usual, I'm not disappointed.

      Want a photo of Anubis for this lens? I'm a little Anubis-obsessed, so I have a Dumuatef canopic jar and a couple of Anubis replicas (alas, my King Tut Anubis is packed away somewhere...wonder where that boy went?)

      I had my ghost black dog! But it was just the ghost of our old black doggie, whose nails still clicked on the kitchen floor for years after he died.

    • JohannDog profile image

      Johann The Dog 8 years ago from Northeast Georgia

      Oh my, I had no idea about the myths of dogs, kinda scary!!

    • AshleyBretting-MS profile image

      AshleyBretting-MS 9 years ago

      This is interesting - thanks for having done the work here! Come visit for cute stories, pics and say hello. Would love to see you there :) my Houndsville lens.

    • Mihaela Vrban profile image

      Mihaela Vrban 9 years ago from Croatia

      For some reason I find black dogs more scary... I know it doesn't matter, but I can't help myself!

    • profile image

      ChristiannaGarrett-Martin 9 years ago

      A very interesting article. I know all about black cats, but I did not know all this folk law about black dogs and hounds. I enjoyed the read. :)

      5 stars.


    • MargoPArrowsmith profile image

      MargoPArrowsmith 9 years ago

      I remember reading about the creation stories of American Indians. When grandfather came to create the world, He came with a dog. He did not create the dog, he came with the dog. This is because the Indians could not imagine anyone, even the Grandfather (God) not having a dog.