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Earth's Layers and Soil Composition Lesson

Updated on January 20, 2016
Edible model of the Earth's layers
Edible model of the Earth's layers

This is part 1 of a 6 part hands-on unit on Earth Science from a Christian perspective. Make an edible model of the earth, act out each of the Earth's layers, do core testing on a cupcake, make oobleck, and more! My lessons are geared toward 2nd-3rd grade level children and their siblings. These are lessons I created to do with a weekly co-op. We meet weekly for 2 1/2 hours and have 14 children between the ages of 0-12. Use these fun lessons with your classroom, family, after school program, or co-op!

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Layers of the Earth image credit: http://www.mail.colonial.net/
Layers of the Earth image credit: http://www.mail.colonial.net/

Layers of the Earth Introduction

1. Stretch & Pray. Discuss Genesis 1:1-13 and Psalm 24:1-2.

2. Look at photo of Earth taken from space. Ask:
-What can you learn about Earth just from the photo?
-What do you think is inside Earth? Is it hot or cold? Solid or liquid?
-How far do you think it is to the center of the Earth?

3. Sing 2 times through How God Put the Earth Together to the tune I'm a Little Teapot (variation from How the Earth Works by O'Brien-Palmer)
Earth has 4 layers inside to out. [Hold up 4 fingers.]
Traveling in space, it spins about. [Spin your index finger around in a circle.]
The inner core's a solid metal ball [Squeeze your hand into a fist.]
Known as the center of the earth to all. [Point to the middle of your fist with your other hand.]
The outer core is layer number 2. [Hold up 2 fingers.]
It's liquid iron and nickel all through. [Wiggle your fingers on both hands.]
A mantle of rock is layer 3. [Hold both hands in fists and then hold up 3 fingers.]
Crust forms the surface for land and sea. [Hold your hands with palms facing the floor. Push them out for land. Then have then go up and down for sea.]

4. Read The Magic School Bus Inside the Earth. (Change "millions" to "thousands" of years.)

Book to read for activity 4

The Magic School Bus Inside the Earth (Magic School Bus)
The Magic School Bus Inside the Earth (Magic School Bus)

This is an excellent book on the layers of the earth, though we changed the references from "millions of years" to "thousands of years." My 2, 5, & 8 year old all enjoy the Magic School bus series.

 
Edible model of the Earth
Edible model of the Earth
Edible model of the Earth cut in half (after my daughter licked off most of the chocolate)
Edible model of the Earth cut in half (after my daughter licked off most of the chocolate)

Edible Layers of the Earth

5. Make an edible model of the Earth (Tip: One 10.5 oz of marshmallows, 3 Tbsp. butter, and 6 c. Rice Krispies makes enough for 6 children.)

-Prep: While the children are listening to the Magic School Bus book, lay 16 sheets of wax paper [each about 12”x12”] on the table. Remove 5 marshmallows from 2 of the marshmallow bags and 6 from the third bag. On each sheet of wax paper place a large marshmallow. Use a serrated knife to poke a hole to the middle of each marshmallow. Lay the red candy next to the marshmallow.
-Have children wash or sanitize their hands.
-Tell the children to insert the red candy into the center of the marshmallow through the precut hole and then try to fold the marshmallow around it so the marshmallow completely surrounds the red candy. Explain that the red candy is going to represent the hot inner core of our earth and the marshmallow represents the outer core of our earth.) Set aside.
-While children are doing this, use a sharpie marker to write each child’s name on the corner of their sheet of wax paper.
-Divide children into 3 groups. Each group will make a batch “Rice Krispie Treats Earth Mantle”: In the large mixing bowl combine 3 Tbsp. butter and a 10.5 ounce bag of marshmallows. Microwave on high for 1 1/2 minutes.
-Stir in 6 cups of cereal. (Let each child have a turn dumping in a cup of the cereal. Let each child have a turn GENTLY stirring the mixture.)
-Spray children's hands with non-stick cooking spray. Place a generous scoop of the Rice Krispie mixture onto each child’s sheet of wax paper. Tell them to flatten out the mixture a bit and then place the marshmallow in the middle. Have them surround the marshmallow with the Rice Krispie mix and then fold and roll the Rice Krispie mix into a ball shape. Pack it tightly. Be sure to explain that the Rice Krispie mixture represents the thick layer of the Earth’s mantle.
-The teacher/parent should then pour the chocolate shell sauce over the ball. Allow children to use their finger to smooth the chocolate all over their earth ball. Tell the children that this represents the thin layer of the Earth’s crust. Place the earth balls [on their wax paper] onto baking sheets and place them in the freezer for at least 5 minutes.
[-Do activities 6 & possibly 7 while waiting for the chocolate to harden.]
-When ready have the teacher/parent use serrated knives to slice the earth balls in half. Review the layers of the inner core, outer core, mantle, and crust.
-If desired, allow children to eat half of the earth ball and then encourage them to save the other half so they can show their siblings/fathers later. Store them in the refrigerator.
YOU WILL NEED: Three (10.5 oz) bags of large marshmallows (not miniature marshmallows), 9 Tbsp. butter, serrated knife, mixing spoon, 1 cup measuring cup, & large microwave-safe mixing bowl 18 c. Rice Krispies type cereal, 16 small red candies in a circle shape (such as Skittles, red hots, etc.), serrated knife, mixing spoon, 1 cup measuring cup, & large microwave-safe mixing bowl, 2 bottles of chocolate shell syrup (used as an ice cream topping), non-stick cooking spray, wax paper, serrated knife, sharpie marker, 2 small baking sheets, 1 cup measuring cup, & large microwave-safe mixing bowl

6. While waiting a couple minutes for the chocolate shell to harden in the freezer, read pages 8-11 from Planet Earth/Inside Out by Gail Gibbons about Earth's Layers.

Book to use for activity 6

Planet Earth/Inside Out
Planet Earth/Inside Out

While more factual than the above books, this is still a good straight forward explanation of the layers of the Earth. It has nice illustrations that keep the attention of my 5 and 8 year old. We skipped the first few pages of this book.

 
Moving Layers of the Earth Dramatization
Moving Layers of the Earth Dramatization

Moving Layers of the Earth

7. (Video/record this!) While waiting for chocolate shell to harden, have children move like the Earth (from Geology: The Active Earth by National Wildlife Federation): Child #1 stands in middle and flexes muscles and says, "I am the dense, solid metal inner core." Children #2 & #3 slowly move counterclockwise around child #1 and say, "I am the liquid and moving outer core." Children #4 & #5 stand around children #2 & #3 chant, "Hot rock, hot rock in the deep mantle." Children #6 & #7 slowly sway back and forth around children #4 & #5 and say, "I am the slow moving asthenosphere." Children #8 & #9 face outward and slowly walk around children #6 & #7 while saying, "Moving plates in the lithosphere." (You can simply put a ball in the middle and assign a single child to do each of layers if you have fewer children or you can add more children to each layer if you have more children.)

Earth's Layers book example made by me
Earth's Layers book example made by me

Earth Layer Books

8. Cover the table. Make layers of earth books: "This is the Earth that God Made." Have the children paint a watercolor picture (a circle with increasing circle layers) to go along with each page. If you have older children, print each book page (removing the WORDS IN CAPS first) and have children write in the underlined word and paint a watercolor picture (a circle with increasing circle layers) to go along with each page. If you have younger children, do not edit out the words. Staple the pages together before they begin painting so that they don't get out of order.
-On page 1 the children should paint the earth with blue and green.
-On the remaining pages they should paint a small purple circle (inner core).
-On pages 3-8 they should paint a red circle (outer core) around the purple circle.
-On pages 4-8 they should paint an orange circle (deep mantle) around the red circle.
-On pages 5-8 they should paint a yellow circle (outer mantle) around the orange circle.
-On pages 6-8 they should paint a green circle (earth’s crust) around the yellow circle.
-On pages 7-8 they should paint a blue circle (atmosphere) around the green circle.
-On page 8 they should draw themselves standing in the blue circle on the green circle
YOU WILL NEED: 7 small bowls for water & & items brought by families: watercolor paints with paintbrush & staplers & book papers, something to cover the table (plastic tablecloth or newspapers), 1 paintbrush & watercolor paint for each child, 1 small bowl for water for each pair of children, 1 printed off book for each child, 1 pencil for each child who can write, & staplers


Painting Earth's Layers books
Painting Earth's Layers books

Words to "This is the Earth that God Made" books

The Earth that God Made
Here is the EARTH that God made.
Here is the INNER CORE made of solid iron and nickel resting inside
the Earth that God made.
Here is the OUTER CORE made of very hot liquid iron and nickel that slowly moves around
the inner core made of solid iron and nickel resting inside
the Earth that God made.
Here is the DEEP MANTLE made of hot rock that surrounds
the outer core made of very hot liquid iron and nickel that slowly moves around
the inner core made of solid iron and nickel resting inside
the Earth that God made.
Here is the OUTER MANTLE (ASTHENOSPHERE) made of molten rock that slowly moves around
the deep mantle made of hot rock that surrounds
the outer core made of very hot liquid iron and nickel that slowly moves around
the inner core made of solid iron and nickel resting inside
the Earth that God made.
Here is the EARTH'S CRUST (LITHOSPHERE) made of plates that move across
the outer mantle (asthenosphere) made of molten rock that slowly moves around
the deep mantle made of hot rock that surrounds
the outer core made of very hot liquid iron and nickel that slowly moves around
the inner core made of solid iron and nickel resting inside
the Earth that God made.
Here is the ATMOSPHERE (troposphere, tropopause, stratosphere, & ionosphere) that surrounds
the Earth's crust (lithosphere) made of plates that move across
the outer mantle (asthenosphere) made of molten rock that slowly moves around
the deep mantle made of hot rock that surrounds
the outer core made of very hot liquid iron and nickel that slowly moves around
the inner core made of solid iron and nickel resting inside
the Earth that God made.
Here I am
living below the ATMOSPHERE (troposphere, tropopause, stratosphere, & ionosphere) that surrounds
the Earth's crust (lithosphere) made of plates that move across
the outer mantle (asthenosphere) made of molten rock that slowly moves around
the deep mantle made of hot rock that surrounds
the outer core made of very hot liquid iron and nickel that slowly moves around
the inner core made of solid iron and nickel resting inside
the Earth that God made.

Looking at the types of soil settling in layers
Looking at the types of soil settling in layers

Soil Composition

9. Read a book about dirt: Dirt: Jump Into Science by Steve Tomecek.

10. Lay newspaper or other table cover over the table (or go outside if the weather allows it). Give each pair of children a white paper plate with dirt scattered onto the plates. Allow children to look at it using a magnifying glass. Discuss what they see.

YOU WILL NEED: table cover (such as newspaper), 7 white paper plates, & 4 cups of dirt (must be dirt dug from your yard – NOT purchased dirt) & items brought by families: magnifying lenses

11. Give each child an opaque/clear cup that has a scoop of dirt in it that fills about 1/2 of the cup. Fill the rest of the cup with water up to about 3/4 full. Let the children stir the dirt and the water well with disposable spoons and then let them sit for a minute. [Do activity 12 while you wait for the soil to settle.] The different types of soil will settle into different layers. Look at the layers of dirt as they have settled in the cups with water. If weather permits, view them in the sunshine.

YOU WILL NEED: pitcher for water, 16 cups of dirt (must be dirt dug from your yard – NOT purchased dirt), 16 large disposable opaque or clear cups & 16 plastic spoons

12. Look at a picture of layers of dirt and briefly discuss how dirt is made and the main types of soil. Briefly discuss why the layers separate (can use explanation on p. 68 of Simple Earth Science Experiments with Everyday Materials by Louis Loeschnig).

Book to read for activity 9

Jump into Science: Dirt
Jump into Science: Dirt

This was one of our favorite picture books on soil. My children really enjoyed the illustrations and text and how interesting the author made dirt!

 
Cupcake core sampling
Cupcake core sampling

Cupcake Core Sampling & Snack

14. Cupcake Core Sampling:
-Ask, “What is inner core of earth made of? How can scientists tell? How do scientists known as geologists know about the deeper layers in the earth?” They use machines to shove a long tube into the ground and then they pull the tube back up. They have the layers of the earth they can see from what comes up in the tube. This is called core sampling.
- Tell the children that trying to "see" what is beneath the surface of the earth is one of the jobs of a geologist. Rather than digging up huge amounts of land to find out if oil or coal are under the ground, they take core samples of the earth just like we are going to take core samples of this cupcake to see what sort of layers are in a cupcake.
-Have each child do a core sample of a cupcake. Give each child a napkin, cupcake, & straw. Foil baking cups and frosting will prevent the children from seeing the interior of the cupcakes in much the same way that a geologist can't see the interior of the earth. Ask children what they think the inside of the cupcake looks like. What flavor of cupcake could this be? [Let children guess.] Ask how they might get more information about the cupcake without peeling the foil or cutting it open with a knife.
-Tell them to push the straw into the cupcake and pull out a sample. Flip the straw over and take another core sample from a different part of the cupcake. Now what do they think the inside of the cupcake looks like?
-Finally, the children can peel off the foil liner, cut open the cupcakes with a knife, and compare what the cupcake looks like to what they thought.
-Remind the children that what they are doing is what real life geologists do.
-Allow children to eat the cupcakes. Provide water if they need it.
YOU WILL NEED: 16 cupcakes baked in at least 3 layers of colored batter (use white or yellow cake mix, divide the batter into 3 bowls, & put different colors of food coloring into each bowl and then put a spoonful of each color of batter into the cupcake liners or follow this recipe: http://www.ourbestbites.com/2009/05/colorburst-cupcakes/ ) baked in foil liners & then frosted, 16 clear straws, and 16 napkins

15. Allow children to eat cupcake and drink water.
YOU WILL NEED: 12 cups for water

Watch core sampling actually occurring by geologists

States of Matter

14. Introduce the properties of liquids and solids by handing each group of 4 children a cup of water and a cup with 4 ice cubes in it. Ask:
-Can you put your finger through the water? The ice cube?
-What happens when you pour the water into a cup? Does it take on the form of the cup? What about the ice? Does it take on the form of the cup?
-Ice is a solid. It will stay the same shape no matter what container you put it into, and you can’t put your finger through it because the tiny molecules that make up the ice are tightly packed and don’t really move.
-The water is a liquid. It will take on the form of whatever container you pour it into, and you can put your finger through it because the tiny molecules that make up the water are not as tightly packed as they are with the solid ice.
-There is a third type of state of matter called gas. That’s what happens when you boil water and the steam rise up out of the pot. We’re not going to focus on gases, though.
YOU WILL NEED: 4 cups of water and 4 cups of ice cubes

Mantle's Liquid/Solid State & Review

15. Review the layers of the earth. Ask, “What is the inner mantle made of?” The earth’s mantle is made of a plastic-like liquid. It’s almost a solid but it moves a little. We’re going to make something similar.
-Make similar liquid/solid substance (oobleck/gluep) and let the children play with it:
-Give each child a sandwich baggie and tell them to hold it open. Have one mom scoop approximately two tablespoons of cornstarch into the bag. Have another mom pour approximately two teaspoons of water into the bag. Tell the children to squish them together. Add more water or cornstarch if needed.
-Tell them to pour the mixture out into their hands. They should observe it as they pour. Does it have the properties of a solid, liquid or gas? Try to roll the mixture into a ball applying pressure as you do. Does it have the properties of a solid, liquid or gas? Try to pour the substance out of your bag. Does it have the properties of a solid, liquid or gas?
-Let the children play with it and then put it back into their bags.
YOU WILL NEED: 1 sandwich bag per child, 1 box of cornstarch, 1 container to hold water, 2 tablespoons, & 2 teaspoons

16. Sing the first two verses of "How God Put the Earth Together" (sung at the beginning of class)

17. 5 Minute Review of what we learned: What is the middle of the earth called? (core or inner core). What’s around the inner core? (mantle) What is the outermost part of the earth that we live on (earth’s crust)? What is dirt made up of? What is one type of dirt? What type of scientist studies the earth? (geologist) How can geologists find out what’s under the ground without having to dig a huge hole? (core sampling) Name a liquid. Name a solid. Which part of the earth is a plastic-like liquid? (mantle) What was your favorite activity from today?

18. (If you are not limited by time time) Go outside and try to dig the deepest hole possible. Notice the layers. Some children will get messy, so bring plastic bags and towels!

*Looking for more songs and activities? If you'd like additional songs about the Earth's layers, check out Earth's Layers Songs. If you'd like a few more activities and/or printable worksheets related to the Earth's Layers and check out thislesson that has good worksheets and lesson ideas, this list of hands-on activities related to the Earth's layers.

Material List for the Lesson

*Everyone needs to bring per child:
-watercolor paints with paintbrush
-stapler (optional – if you have one)
-magnifying lens (optional –if you have them)

*Items to be assigned to individuals to bring for the group:
-books: The Magic School Bus Inside the Earth, Planet Earth/Inside Out by Gail Gibbons, & Dirt: Jump Into Science by Steve Tomecek
-optional book: Simple Earth Science Experiments with Everyday Materials by Louis Loeschnig
-a picture of the Earth (from a book)
-Three (10.5 oz) bags of large marshmallows (not miniature marshmallows), 9 Tbsp. butter, serrated knife, mixing spoon, 1 cup measuring cup, & large microwave-safe mixing bowl
-18 c. Rice Krispies type cereal, 16 small red candies in a circle shape (such as Skittles, red hots, etc.), serrated knife, mixing spoon, 1 cup measuring cup, & large microwave-safe mixing bowl
-2 bottles of chocolate shell syrup (used as an ice cream topping), non-stick cooking spray, wax paper, serrated knife, sharpie marker, 2 small baking sheets, 1 cup measuring cup, & large microwave-safe mixing bowl
-7 small bowls for water, something to cover the table (plastic table cloth or newspapers), & printed "How God Made the World" booklets
-table cover (such as newspaper), 7 white paper plates, & 4 cups of dirt (must be dirt dug from your yard – NOT purchased dirt)
-pitcher for water, 16 cups of dirt (must be dirt dug from your yard – NOT purchased dirt), 16 large disposable opaque or clear cups & 16 plastic spoons
-16 cupcakes baked in at least 3 layers of colored batter (use white or yellow cake mix, divide the batter into 3 bowls, & put different colors of food coloring into each bowl and then put a spoonful of each color of batter into the cupcake liners or follow this recipe: http://www.ourbestbites.com/2009/05/colorburst-cupcakes/) baked in foil liners & then frosted, 16 clear straws (available from a fast food restaurant), -16 plastic knives, 16 napkins, & 16 cups for water
-4 cups of water and 4 cups of ice cubes
-16 sandwich bags, 1 box of cornstarch, 1 container to hold water, 2 tablespoons, & 2 teaspoons
-Optional: plastic bags and towels or shovels

Looking for more great resources?

More of our favorite children's books on the Earth's layers and dirt and soil

How to Dig a Hole to the Other Side of the World
How to Dig a Hole to the Other Side of the World

This is a fun book about a boy who drills through the earth. It reviews all the earth's layers as he goes through them. It would be a good alternative book to read aloud to a group if you would prefer to not read the Magic School Bus book.

 
Diggin' Dirt: Science Adventures with Kitanai the Origami Dog (Origami Science Adventures)
Diggin' Dirt: Science Adventures with Kitanai the Origami Dog (Origami Science Adventures)

This tied for our favorite picture book on soil. My children really enjoyed the illustrations and text. It features an origami dog. As it is digging in the yard, it comes across a worm who informs him about soil.

 
Click thumbnail to view full-size
The Earth and Sky (First Discovery Books) by Jean-Pierre Verdet - Images are from amazon.comHome on the Earth: A Song About Earth's Layers (Science Songs) by Laura Purdie Salas Dirt: The Scoop on Soil (Amazing Science) by Natalie M. Rosinsky A Handful of Dirt by Raymond Bial
The Earth and Sky (First Discovery Books) by Jean-Pierre Verdet - Images are from amazon.com
The Earth and Sky (First Discovery Books) by Jean-Pierre Verdet - Images are from amazon.com
Home on the Earth: A Song About Earth's Layers (Science Songs) by Laura Purdie Salas
Home on the Earth: A Song About Earth's Layers (Science Songs) by Laura Purdie Salas
Dirt: The Scoop on Soil (Amazing Science) by Natalie M. Rosinsky
Dirt: The Scoop on Soil (Amazing Science) by Natalie M. Rosinsky
A Handful of Dirt by Raymond Bial
A Handful of Dirt by Raymond Bial

Another couple other good picture books on the earth's layers for young listeners are The Earth and Sky (First Discovery Books) by Jean-Pierre Verdet, which has see-through pages and simple but still quite educational text and Home on the Earth: A Song About Earth's Layers (Science Songs) by Laura Purdie Salas, which is a simple book that sets the layers of the earth to a sung sung to the tune of "Home on the Range." Even my 2 year old enjoyed these books. I do skip a lot of information and change words because these books are not from a Christian perspective. We also enjoyed Dirt: The Scoop on Soil (Amazing Science) by Natalie M. Rosinsky, A Handful of Dirt by Raymond Bial, and SOIL! Get the Inside Scoop by David L. Lindbo and Others.

Christian Geology for Your Entire Family: What My Family Used During This Unit

Digging Up the Past: Genesis, Chapters 3-11 (Discover 4 Yourself Inductive Bible Studies for Kids (Paperback))
Digging Up the Past: Genesis, Chapters 3-11 (Discover 4 Yourself Inductive Bible Studies for Kids (Paperback))

This is what we used for our Bible curriculum during this unit. It goes perfectly with this Earth Science unit! This is an EXCELLENT Bible study series for children. They study scripture, draw the chapter, highlight key words, do crossword puzzles, etc.

 
Jonathan Park: The Adventure Begins (Jonathan Park Radio Drama)
Jonathan Park: The Adventure Begins (Jonathan Park Radio Drama)

I would recommend this to every single person! We LOVE this audio drama. My entire family loves listening to these. You'll learn all about science from a Christian creation viewpoint while enjoying the adventures of Jonathan Park, his family, and friends. This is Volume 1 in a 7 part CD series. We own them all. I have bought multiple copies and given them as gifts. I cannot say enough good things about this series.

 
Click thumbnail to view full-size
Considering God’s Creation – A creative biblical approach to natural science by Mortimer and Smith (Eagle’s Wings) - Image is from http://www.eagleswingsed.com/product/considering-gods-creation/God Created the World and the Universe [With Stickers] by Earl Snellenberger - Image is from amazon.comThe Geology Book (Wonders of Creation) by John D Morris - Image is from https://answersingenesis.org/Wonders of God's Creation DVD series - Image is from amazon.comThe Flood: In the Light of the Bible, Geology, and Archaeology by Alfred Rehwinkel - Image is from amazon.com
Considering God’s Creation – A creative biblical approach to natural science by Mortimer and Smith (Eagle’s Wings) - Image is from http://www.eagleswingsed.com/product/considering-gods-creation/
Considering God’s Creation – A creative biblical approach to natural science by Mortimer and Smith (Eagle’s Wings) - Image is from http://www.eagleswingsed.com/product/considering-gods-creation/
God Created the World and the Universe [With Stickers] by Earl Snellenberger - Image is from amazon.com
God Created the World and the Universe [With Stickers] by Earl Snellenberger - Image is from amazon.com
The Geology Book (Wonders of Creation) by John D Morris - Image is from https://answersingenesis.org/
The Geology Book (Wonders of Creation) by John D Morris - Image is from https://answersingenesis.org/
Wonders of God's Creation DVD series - Image is from amazon.com
Wonders of God's Creation DVD series - Image is from amazon.com
The Flood: In the Light of the Bible, Geology, and Archaeology by Alfred Rehwinkel - Image is from amazon.com
The Flood: In the Light of the Bible, Geology, and Archaeology by Alfred Rehwinkel - Image is from amazon.com

Considering God’s Creation – A Creative Biblical Approach to Natural Science by Mortimer and Smith (Eagle’s Wings) is another wonderful resource I'd recommend to everyone! It has wonderful worksheets and lessons for children to explore the world around them, and it also includes great lesson ideas as well. This is truly a gem! Also look for God Created the World and the Universe [With Stickers] by Earl Snellenberger, which is good for preschoolers and elementary aged children and is a coloring and sticker book. The Wonders of God Creation DVD series. It displays amazing cinematography as Christian scientists explain how each aspect of creation points to God. If you have older children (5th grade up) The Geology Book (Wonders of Creation) by John D Morris is a good option. It is written as a textbook for middle and high school level students, and it is written from a Christian perspective. My 11 year old actually asked me to buy it for him and he read it over the course of a week and really enjoyed it! If you (or a high school aged child) would like to dig deeper, check out The Flood: In the Light of the Bible, Geology, and Archaeology by Alfred Rehwinkel. It is well documented and researched and will give you a great Christian foundation for teaching Earth Science!

Ready for some videos? Here's a great one on the Geosphere & Biosphere from Crash Course Kids

Hydrosphere and Atmosphere by Crash Course Kids #6.2

Bill Nye The Science Guy: Earth's Crust (Definitely not from a Christian perspective but still very fun and educational)

Ready for the next lesson or looking for all my lessons?

From Lesson 5: Earthquakes
From Lesson 5: Earthquakes

Make an edible model of the earth as you study the Earth's layers, bake cookies that demonstrate how sedimentary, metamorphic, and igneous rocks form, create fossil casts, build marshmallow structures that can withstand a jell-o earthquake, carve gullies and valleys in sand using wind, water, and ice, make presentations on various aspects of the Earth, and more during this 6 lesson hands-on unit study of Earth Science!

  • Earth's Layers and Soil Composition Lesson - This is part 1 of a 6 part hands-on unit on Earth Science from a Christian perspective. Make an edible model of the earth, act out each of the Earth's layers, do core testing on a cupcake, make oobleck, and more!
  • Rock Classification Lesson - This is part 2 of a 6 part hands-on unit on Earth Science from a Christian perspective. Make and eat "Sedimentary" Seven Layer Bars, create "Metamorphic" Snickers bars, do some rock mining, and more!
  • Fossils Lesson - This is part 3 of a 6 part hands-on unit on Earth Science from a Christian perspective. The focus of this lesson is fossils! Create fossils casts, dig up and piece together dinosaur skeletons, excavate dinosaurs, eat edible ammonites, and more!
  • Plate Tectonics and Volcanoes Lesson - This is part 4 of a 6 part hands-on unit study on Earth Science. Make edible volcanoes, build an erupting ring of fire, demonstrate plate tectonics using graham crackers, form each type of volcano using play-doh, and more!
  • Earthquakes Lesson - This is part 5 of a 6 part hands-on unit study on Earth Science. Create a tsunami, build marshmallow structures that can withstand an earthquake, act out seismic waves, build and use a seismograph, and more!
  • Erosion Lesson - This is part 6 of a 6 part hands-on unit study on Earth Science. Demonstrate various types of erosion as children carve gullies and valleys in sand using air, water, and ice. Re-create the Grand Canyon. Compare how soil resists erosion.
  • Earth Science Presentation and Field Trip Ideas - This is the culminating project we did after a 6 part hands-on unit on Earth Science. We made edible volcanoes, performed earth science demonstrations, displayed paintings of the earth's layers and volcanoes, sang songs about the earth science, and more! Also included are the field trips we attended during this unit.
  • Fun, FREE Hands-On Unit Studies Hub - Over the years I have posted over 30 science and social-studies based unit studies, compromised of more than 140 lessons. The unit studies include the Human Body, Simple Machines, Earth Science, Medieval Period, American Revolution, Pioneer Life, Countries of the World, and many more! For each lesson I have included activities (with photos), our favorite books and YouTube video clips, lapbook links, and other resources.

Konos Volume II
Konos Volume II

Konos Curriculum

Would you like to teach this way every day?

Konos Curriculum

I use Konos Curriculum as a springboard from which to plan my lessons. It's a wonderful Christian curriculum and was created by moms with active children! You can even watch free on-line videos as Jessica, one of the co-authors of Konos, walks you through a unit. (Look for the Explanation Videos tab.)

Konos Home School Mentor

If you're new to homeschooling or in need of some fresh guidance, I highly recommend Konos' HomeSchoolMentor.com program! Watch videos on-line of what to do each day and how to teach it in this great hands-on format!

What do you think? - Was this lens helpful? Do you have any questions, comments, or additional ideas? Please post here!

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    • iijuan12 profile image
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      iijuan12 2 years ago from Florida

      Yes, I just made that up myself. I typed the words into a Word document and printed it.

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      danielle 2 years ago

      where can I get the how God made the EArth book? Did you just make them yourself?

    • iijuan12 profile image
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      iijuan12 4 years ago from Florida

      @blessedmomto7: Great! Thank you for visiting!

    • blessedmomto7 profile image

      blessedmomto7 4 years ago

      Love your lenses. I'll have to bookmark these for my homeschool next year!

    • iijuan12 profile image
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      iijuan12 4 years ago from Florida

      @john9229: Thank you for visiting!

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      john9229 4 years ago

      Good lesson. At least I learned something new.!

    • iijuan12 profile image
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      iijuan12 4 years ago from Florida

      @Kumar P S: Thank you!

    • Kumar P S profile image

      Kumar P S 4 years ago

      Great lens ! Very informative.

    • iijuan12 profile image
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      iijuan12 4 years ago from Florida

      @Langzeitlebensmittel: Thank you!

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      Langzeitlebensmittel 4 years ago

      Interesting lens! Thanks

    • iijuan12 profile image
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      iijuan12 5 years ago from Florida

      @anonymous: Thank you!

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      anonymous 5 years ago

      Very interesting, you made the complexities of earth look simple enough. I loved the part of making an edible earth too.

    • TolovajWordsmith profile image

      Tolovaj Publishing House 5 years ago from Ljubljana

      Another attractive lens for kids and I believe for parents too.

    • snazzify lm profile image

      Katie Harp 5 years ago

      blessed by a squid angel :) <3

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      anonymous 5 years ago

      interesting lens. thanks

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      GodsBB 5 years ago

      Awesome, Id on't have children of my own yet, but these would be nice projects to do with my niece and nephew. Thanks and God Bless

    • TXMary2 profile image

      TXMary2 5 years ago

      I am loving all your lenses so far! We are just about to start our earth and space studies - this will fit right in.

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      MintySea 5 years ago

      cute teaching ideas

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      homerepellent 6 years ago

      Great lessons, I like your curriculum in particular as it allows me to learn more about our surroundings without having to attend school all over again. Plus I get to do it at my own pace. Kudos to you.

      Cheers,

      Homerepellent

    • retta719 profile image

      Loretta 6 years ago from United States

      The SquidAngel School Bus is driving through your neighborhood leaving ~*~*~*~*~angel dus~*~*~*~*~ sprinkles along the way!

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      anonymous 6 years ago

      Pretty interesting and informative. Well thought out and well presented. Good day. :)

    • Brite-Ideas profile image

      Barbara Tremblay Cipak 6 years ago from Toronto, Canada

      very informative, and well done..filled with detail

    • janeaustengirl lm profile image

      janeaustengirl lm 6 years ago

      WONDERFUL lens!

    • Diana Wenzel profile image

      Renaissance Woman 6 years ago from Colorado

      Your children are quite fortunate to be learning alongside you. :-) Wonderful instructional resources and opportunities here. I just published an earth science related lens. Have you tried EarthCaching with your children? Perfect for homeschoolers. Enjoyed this lens. Thanks!

    • jackieb99 profile image

      jackieb99 6 years ago

      It'd be really fun to teach this lesson!

    • KimGiancaterino profile image

      KimGiancaterino 6 years ago

      What a fun way to learn! If I had young kids I would definitely be homeschooling them. My step-son is already a high school junior, and goes to a performing arts school.

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      wheelbound 6 years ago

      Great lens! Love little educational fun things for kids to do. I home schooled my children with my wife when they were much younger and we loved it. So these are great lessons for teachers and home schoolers as well.

    • UKGhostwriter profile image

      UKGhostwriter 6 years ago

      Great lens!! - Top marks!!

    • iijuan12 profile image
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      iijuan12 6 years ago from Florida

      @jimmielanley: After this lesson one of the moms commented, "We're not going to have any projects for the kids to display at the end-of-the-unit presentations because we'll have eaten them all." Yes, if it involves food in an educational manner, I usually include that activity in my lesson.

    • iijuan12 profile image
      Author

      iijuan12 6 years ago from Florida

      @jimmielanley: After this lesson one of the moms commented, "We're not going to have any projects for the kids to display at the end-of-the-unit presentations because we'll have eaten them all." Yes, if it involves food in an educational manner, I usually include that activity in my lesson.

    • jimmielanley profile image

      Jimmie Lanley 6 years ago from Memphis, TN, USA

      I guess you don't make many desserts for meals. You just eat your homeschool projects! :-)