ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Famous Women in History, Science and Medicine

Updated on December 30, 2014

Including the Other Half in the History Books

What do you do when your young daughter asks "Why don't we learn about women in school?" If you are like me, you go looking for answers. What you will find here are the result of that search.

My daughter was working on a report on Famous Californians when she asked the question. While picking out a person we discovered there were fewer women on the list than men. I found it hard to believe that there weren't more women on my daughter's choices of Famous Californians.

Did you know Kim Kardashian was approved as famous Californian paper topic?

In researching famous women, I discovered that the granddaughter of Edith Mayo (Curator Emeritus of the National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institute) had a history project several years ago that listed Britney Spears as one of two women who were historical figures. The other was Eleanor Roosevelt.

Even though it was several years later since Edith Mayo's incident with her granddaughter, it was hard for me to believe that there still weren't more women on the list for a 4th grade class assignment. Half an hour of researching later, I had a list of 23 famous women that I emailed to the teacher that could be added to the list of Famous Californians.

In my search I discovered a wealth of resources, lesson plans, books and websites with a great number of famous women in history, medicine and science. I also discovered organizations like the National Women's History Museum and others working to include women's contributions.

For the books listed, I've looked for a combination of ones for children and tweens and ones for adults. If the book is one for a certain age group, the recommended ages are included.

This lens along with the one with "Books for Girls on Famous Women in History, Science and Medicine" are ones that I plan on being able to refer my daughters to (and if needed their teachers to) so we can all learn more about the contribution and accomplishments of the other half to history, science and medicine.

Image by Kirsti A. Dyer

Why Have Women Been Overlooked in History?

Madeline Albright, the First Woman Secretary of State offered some insights in the Forward to the book Her Story: A Timeline of the Women Who Changed America, as to why women have been overlooked.

  • Early in U.S. history, events were often chronicled by religious leaders who described the times and recorded the contributions made by those in their particular group or by men in general.
  • This means that for the most part, the accomplishments of women were ignored, minimized, brushed aside or even forgotten.

Thankfully there are women and organizations like the National Women's History Museum who are tirelessly working to ensure that women's contributions and accomplishments get included in mainstream history and culture. I signed up for Membership in The Cornerstone Club in honor of my daughters.

Did you know Brittney Spears was

an Option for a Famous

Woman in History Project ?

Learning about Famous Women in History

I went through school at a time before Women's History Month was even an option at school. According to the Women's History Month website before the 1970s, the topic of women's history was largely missing from education and general public consciousness.

It make sense that I do not remember specifically learning about famous women in history or science classes during school, since none was being taught.

As a female physician, a woman in medicine, the mother of two tween daughters, and the daughter of a historian dad and an independent Finnish mother, I want my daughters to have the opportunity to learn about the contributions that both men and women have made in history, to reclaim the "other half" of history that has been missing. I want them to have more choices than just Eleanor Roosevelt, Kim Kardashian and Britney Spears for projects on Famous Americans.

Making resources, lesson plans and books like Her Story: A Timeline of the Women Who Changed America available to the teachers in the school systems will give my daughter's more information and role models than I had growing up.

Her Story: A Timeline available on Amazon.

Choices on Learning about Women in History in School Video

A look from a 2008 excerpt from NWHM's "First But Not the Last" Women Who Ran for President" event where Edie Mayo, Curator Emeritus, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institute, discusses her granddaughter's history project that included Britney Spears as a potential historical figure.

NWHM: Britney Spears, a historical figure?

Vote on Women in History

Famous Women from the NWHM Twitter Page
Famous Women from the NWHM Twitter Page

Do you remember learning much about Famous Women in History?

See results

Did you know Kim Kardashian

was an Option for

a Famous Californian Report ?

Students Thinking about Paper Choices

Image Modified from Microsoft Clipart

Celebrities Still Influence our Young Girls

For a Feb 4, 2007 cover article Newsweek published results from a poll that accompanied their "Girls Gone Wild Effect" article. In this poll, 77 percent of respondents said that young women celebrities like Britney Spears, Paris Hilton and Lindsay Lohan have too much influence on young girls.

This was in 2007.

Today (2011) we'd change the list to Britney Spears, Kim Kardashian and Lindsay Lohan. I was surprised realizing that Britney Spears was on the list because I honestly thought that she was going to end up dead several years ago.

To this list we add a few younger names like Miley Cyrus, Demi Lovato and Selena Gomez. These younger celebrities keep reminding us that they are now 18 by the way they dress. They are a far cry from Shirley Temple, the iconic child actress of the 1930s, who made forty films and fifty television programs before retiring at age 17.

Thankfully the National Women's History Museum's Online Exhibit on Young and Brave: Girls Changing History offers the stories of many positive and young women role models who embarked on treacherous journeys, traveled around the world, invented life-altering products, testified before congress and set groundbreaking precedents.

The challenge may be getting these resources to parents and educators so our girls (and boys) have the opportunity to learn about brave and positive female role models in history. Follow the links below to the online exhibit Young and Brave: Girls Changing History.

Fortune Favors the Brave logo from the NWHM Young and Brave site.

Our Young Girls Need the Opportunity to Learn About Brave and Positive Women Models

An Online Exhibit on Girls Changing History

The National Women's History Museum houses an outstanding online exhibit that features 30 young girls and women who had a positive impact on the United States throughout history.

The 30 young women profiled in the exhibit are athletes, inventors, artists, and revolutionaries. What they have in common is that they are all strong positive role models for today's young girls to learn about, look up to, and be inspired by.

The exhibit was researched by Girls Learn International, curated by Doris Weatherford, historian and NWHM Board member, and designed by Nikki Emser.

Debate - Women in History Projects

Should Britney Spears and Kim Kardashian be considered "Famous Women" for school projects?


Teaching about Famous Women in History

Her Story: Women Who Changed America

Her Story: A Timeline of the Women Who Changed America
Her Story: A Timeline of the Women Who Changed America

Her Story features women writers, artists, actors, athelets, doctors, scientists, social and political activists, educators and inventors.

Her Story authors Charlotte S. Waisman and Jill S. Tietjen have also included women from all walks of life with noteworthy and inspiring achievements.


Famous Women Resources

This lens started as a list of books on famous women but for the Gift Guide Quest of 2011 on the Squidoo web platform, but soon morphed into an entire lens devoted to discovering resources on famous women.

I started by searching for books that I could order my daughters about famous women in history and included books on famous women in medicine and science. I also added adventurers and inventors.

I looked for online resources and discovered the inspiring online exhibit Young and Brave: Girls Changing History from the NWHM.

For completion, I also searched for done by Squidoo lensmasters on women in history, science and medicine, world leaders, women who dared, women inventors and young women who made history.

This list of famous women resources includes information books and resources on the National Women's History Museum and Women's History Month, links to organizations promoting women's history, women in history, science and medicine.

The information collected is a great resource for girls, tweens, parents, grandparents, teachers and anyone else who wants to find out more about famous women in history. Next time there is a report option for writing about a famous person, we'll have the resources to ensure that a famous woman could be on the list of choices.

Image from Microsoft Clipart

Recognizing and Celebrating the Women in History

Early in U.S. history, events were often chronicled by religious leaders who described the times and recorded the contributions made by those in their particular group or by men in general.

This means that for the most part, the accomplishments of women were ignored, minimized, brushed aside or even forgotten.

It is important to recognize and celebrate these women, more than nine hundred in all, who are mostly unknown by the general population.

No longer will the accomplishments of women throughout U.S. history be forgotten or remain invisible!

Madeline Albright

First Woman Secretary of State

Forward to Her Story: A Timeline.

Her Story: A Timeline of the Women Who Changed America

Charlotte S. Waisman and Jill S. Tietjen talk about their experiences with writing Her Story from Her Story U.S.

More Resources on Her Story

The authors of Her Story have developed and provide free curricula available for download and use. They offer suggestions for 3rd - 5th Grade Curriculum, High School Curriculum and General Curriculum in addition to suggestions for reading the book with a daughter.

Lives of Extraordinary Women

Women in History Projects - Videos

A collection of video clips done by students on their famous women in history or famous women leaders projects.

27 Famous Women - Video

Remember the Ladies: 100 Great American Women

Famous Women Leaders in History Video

Famous Women - Video

Women in History - Video

Famous Women in History - Video

Books on Famous Women in History

Books on Famous Women that are good starting points for writing assignments and people who want to know more about Women's contributions.

Lesson Plans about Famous Women

See the section on Women's History Month for even more resources.

Great Women in History - Videos

Video clips on Women in History from LearnMediaOfAmerica.

Great Women in American History - Video

Great Women Rulers in World History - Video

Women throughout History - Video

Women Who Dared

Available from Amazon
Available from Amazon

These Women Who Dared include: Bessie Coleman, Susan B. Anthony, Maria Montessori, Eleanor Roosevelt, Frida Kahlo, Julia Morgan, Maria Mitchell, Florence Nightingale,

Margaret Sanger, Harriet Tubman, Mary McLeod Bethune, Margaret Fuller, Emma Goldman,

Jane Addams, Marian Anderson, Amy Marcy, Cheney Beach, Gertrude Bell,

Dorothea Dix and Isadora Duncan. Poster available on Amazon.

If you had the chance to write a paper on a famous woman, who would you pick and why?

Share your thoughts in the comment section below:

National Women's History Museum (NWHM)

National Women's History Museum

The National Women's History Museum Women's History was founded in 1996 by Karen Staser to preserve and celebrate the story of Woman.

Their mission is to affirm "the value of knowing Women's History, illuminates the role of women in transforming society and encourages all people, women and men, to participate in democratic dialogue about our future."

The Museum function is to research, collect and exhibit "the contributions of women to the social, cultural, economic and political life of our nation in a context of world history."

While the NWHM website hosts a wealth of information, resources and lesson plans on Women's history, the members of the NWHM have been working for 15 years to build National Women's History Museum next to the National Mall.

Founder Karen Staser believes that

  • "A better world awaits the generation that absorbs what women and men have to share about life from a joint perspective.
  • Together, all things are possible."
For more information visit the NWHM website.

Keepers of the History - Video Clips

Learn about the historic women and organizations that were responsible for preserving part of our history and educating people about the history of American women in this three part series on the Keepers of the History from the NWHM, National Women's History Museum.

The Keepers of History - Part 1 Video

The Keepers of History - Part II Video

The Keepers of History - Part III Video

Recognizing and Validating Women

When you recognize women,

When women are educated,

You lift the socioeconomic condition of the country

Because WOMEN are now validated.

Jill Tieten quoting Madeline Albright

From the forward to Her Story: A Timeline.

Women in History Month

Vote on Women's History Month

Did You Know March was Women in History Month?

See results

Writing Women Back into History

Defense Department illustration by Peter Hemmer
Defense Department illustration by Peter Hemmer

Celebrating Women's History Month

As the father of two daughters, the son of a single mother and the husband of a very independent woman, President Obama knows the importance of women's roles.

This is an excerpt from the Presidential Proclamation Women's History Month from 2011:

  • During Women's History Month, we reflect on the extraordinary accomplishments of women and honor their role in shaping the course of our Nation's history.
  • Today, women have reached heights their mothers and grandmothers might only have imagined. Women now comprise nearly half of our workforce and the majority of students in our colleges and universities. They scale the skies as astronauts, expand our economy as entrepreneurs and business leaders, and serve our country at the highest levels of government and our Armed Forces.
  • In honor of the pioneering women who came before us, and in recognition of those who will come after us, this month, we recommit to erasing the remaining inequities facing women in our day.

President Barack Obama

Presidential Proclamation Women's History Month, 2011

Famous Women in History

An Almanac of Amazing American Women

Women in History

As pointed out by Madeline Albright in Her Story: A Timeline of the Women Who Changed America the accomplishments of women were ignored, minimized, brushed aside or even forgotten, mainly because the scribes or those chronicling the historical events were recording the contributions made by men.

It was heart-warming to find all of these books on women's contribution throughout history. With so many books available my daughters will have more choices for writing about Famous Americans than just Eleanor Roosevelt, Britney Spears or Kim Kardashian.

I've added several women in history, science and medicine to our Christmas list and will be picking out one to gift to their school library as a resource.

Famous Women Leaders

Lives of Extraordinary Women

Women as Leaders

Women, whether as the head of the family or the head of a nation, are leaders. There are many examples of women leaders who have lead countries, like Margaret Thatcher, Indira Gandhi and Benazir Bhutto. There are also the unsung heroes, the mothers, grandmothers, aunts and daughters behind the scenes making a difference.

Secretary-General Kofi Annan may have summed women's contributions up best during his ppening remarks at the forty-ninth session of the Commission on the Status of Women in February 2005:

  • Study after study has taught us that there is no tool for development more effective than the empowerment of women.
  • No other policy is as likely to raise economic productivity, or to reduce infant and maternal mortality.
  • No other policy is as sure to improve nutrition and promote health -- including the prevention of HIV/AIDS.
  • No other policy is as powerful in increasing the chances of education for the next generation.
  • And I would also venture that no policy is more important in preventing conflict, or in achieving reconciliation after a conflict has ended.
So if we want to prevent conflict, enhance development, raise economic productivity, improve nutrition, promote health, reduce infant mortality and increase education of our children, we need to empower women.

American Women Leaders
American Women Leaders

A great library reference with over 1,560 women leaders.


Famous Women in Medicine

Florence Nightingale

Women in Medicine

As written about by Jeanne Achterberg women have been healers and keepers of medical knowledge since ancient times as shamans and midwives. In modern times they have become nurses and eventually even physicians. Reading about women in medicine now like nurses Florence Nightingale and Clara Barton or Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell, the first American female physician are inspiring to me.

Somehow, despite not having female role models that I learned about in school, I still managed to pursue a career in medicine. The contribution of women physicians were not included in our medical school courses to inspire and encourage women in training. Thankfully I did find a few female physicians who served as mentors.

I learned about one famous woman in medicine on my own reading Dr, Elisabeth Kübler-Ross's "On Death and Dying" during college as part of a course on Death and Dying. Her views on being with and treating the dying influenced my medical training and stayed and have become part of what I do with teaching about Grief, Loss and Bereavement.

Woman as Healer
Woman as Healer

A book in my own collection.


Famous Women in Science and Invention

Women Scientists are Not Dowdy Spinsters

It is shameful that there are so few women in science. In China there are many, many women in physics.

There is a misconception in America that women scientists are all dowdy spinsters. This is the fault of men.

In Chinese society, a woman is valued for what she is,

and men encourage her to accomplishments yet she remains eternally feminine.

Chien-Shiung Wu

HerStory: A Timeline Website

Girls Think of Everything

Women as Scientists and Inventors

There is the old adage that I grew up with about, "Boys don't make passes at girls who wear glasses." That the quote from Dr. Chien-Shiung Wu* helps to explain why this is feeling might have been so prevalent at least when I was growing up.

Guess they never met the glamorous Hedy Lamarr who not only was a Movie Star, but was also patented a "Secret Communications System" (a jam-proof, radio-controlled torpedo) with George Antheil and donated it to the U.S. Navy. Their intevention (once declassified in the 1950s) became the concept of "frequency hopping" the technology used for Bluetooth, GPS, wireless telephones and other present-day communication systems.

I'm getting my girls the book, Girls Think of Everything: Stories of Ingenious Inventions by Women, so they might be inspired to create their own inventions.

Women scientists have won Nobel Prizes, like Dr. Marie Curie (winning awards in Physics and Chemistry) and contributed to computer programming like Ada Lovelace, explored the depths of the ocean like Dr. Sylvia Earle and understanding "man" by studying and living with chimpanzees like Jane Goodall.

* Dr. Chien-Shiung Wu worked on the Manhattan Project. She was a Chinese-American physicist with expertise in the techniques of experimental physics and radioactivity.

Famous Women Who Dared

More Women Who Dared

Available from Amazon
Available from Amazon

These Women Who Dared include: Ida Wells-Barrett, Wangari Maathai, Sarah Bernhardt, Carrie Chapman Catt, Sojourner Truth, Mourning Dove, Gabriela Mistral, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Edith Spurlock Sampson, Georgia O'Keeffe, Jeanette Rankin, Junko Tabei,

Margaret Mead, Aung San Suu Kyi, Gabrielle Chanel, Bessie Smith, Josephine Baker,

Wilma P. Mankiller, Lucretia Mott, and Karen Horney. Poster available on Amazon

13 Women Who Dared to Dream

Almost Astronauts: 13 Women Who Dared to Dream (Jane Addams Honor Book (Awards))
Almost Astronauts: 13 Women Who Dared to Dream (Jane Addams Honor Book (Awards))

In Almost Astronauts: 13 Women Who Dared to Dream award-winning author Tanya Lee Stone looks at the Mercury 13, a group of women who fought for the right to soar into space, almost 20 years before women were admitted into the astronaut program.

Reading Level: Ages 10 and up


Daring Women Contributed in Different Fields

Women dared to dream and were daring in many different fields. Depending how you define 'daring" all of the women already mentioned in history, world leaders, medicine and science would also considered 'daring' for doing with others were not doing at the time and attempting things against the odds.

Women like Amelia Earhart, Sally Ride and Katherine Wright were just some to dare to explore the sky and ultimately space. Lucy Stone one of many who worked promoting equal rights for women. Other, lesser know women, were spies, pioneers of the wild west, women explorers and climbers.

Books on Women Who Dared

Women Explorers
Women Explorers

Reading Level: Ages 9 and up


Dancing Ladies on Overhang in Yosemite

Dancing Ladies on Overhang in Yosemite
Dancing Ladies on Overhang in Yosemite

Women Who Dared in Yosemite

When I think of the phrase "Women who dared" there is one iconic picture from Yosemite that comes to mind. I got it as a birthday present poster for my Dad (a Mother Lode history teacher and father of three girls) several years ago.

The photograph was taken in 1890 by George Fiske of two young women in Yosemite kicking their heels up atop Glacier Point. The women were Kitty Tatch, who was a maid and waitress at the Sentinel Hotel at the time and her friend Katherine Hazelston.

These daring women were dressed in long skirts doing high kicks at Overhanging Rock at Glacier point standing 3,000 feet above the Valley floor, or a mile down.

The photograph taken by George Fiske has been turned into magnets, postcards and posters.

You can order a copy of the Dancing Ladies poster from the Yosemite Conservancy Store and projects and programs that preserve and protect Yosemite National Park.

Image Dancing Ladies on Overhang in Yosemite. Calisphere. Also known as Kitty Fitch on Overhang Rock, Glacier Point, Yosemite, California.


Ginger Rogers did everything

Fred Astaire did,

but she did it backwards

and in high heels.

Well Behaved Women Seldom Make History

Well-Behaved Women Seldom Make History
Well-Behaved Women Seldom Make History

Harvard University Professor Laurel Thatcher Ulrich coined the phrase "Well-behaved Women Seldom Make History when writing a paper in 1976.

Years later, she uses this now famous phrase for the title of her book where she takes a look at many notable Women in American and World history and how they shaped history by not behaving.

A great gift for women interested in Women in History.


Reclaiming the other half of History (Her story)

Meryl Streep on the National Womens History Museum

Kathy [Bates] and I have talked about doing together the story of Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony (American women who fought for the rights of women). It's a fairly recent history of women in this country which is pretty much untold.

It's part of the reasons why I donated my salary on this movie ["The Iron Lady,"] to the National Women's History Museum. I feel strongly that my job as a storyteller reaches people in a way.

I wish there were a place that was on the National Mall and that was first in the world to celebrate this radical change in the 20th and 21st centuries in the balance of who women and men were in society. It's a great story.

Meryl Streep

National Spokesperson, MWHM

Support the National Women's History Museum

There are many ways to help the National Women's History Museum raise the $150 million to build this museum privately.

You can give a Gift Membership, Donate Online, Donate by Mail, Donate by Phone or through Planned Giving. Visit the NWHM website to find out more.

Sharing about Life from a Joint Perspective

Did you learn anything about some of these famous women in history?

© 2011 Kirsti A. Dyer

Comment on Famous Women in History

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • HealthfulMD profile imageAUTHOR

      Kirsti A. Dyer 

      7 years ago from Northern California

      @compugraphd: Looks like a list of potential lenses. Let me know when you get them done.

    • compugraphd profile image


      7 years ago


      I would love to see a lens about Sojourner Truth, Harriet Tubman, Elizabeth I, Dolly Madison, Hapshepsut, Harriet Beecher Stowe, Annie Sullivan, for starters.

    • MariaMontgomery profile image


      7 years ago from Central Florida, USA

      I love, love, love this lens. Thank you.

    • julescorriere profile image

      Jules Corriere 

      7 years ago from Jonesborough TN

      Happy New Year! Congratulations that your lens was chosen as a top 100 Community Favorite for 2011! What a really wonderful important lens.

    • JoyfulReviewer profile image


      7 years ago

      What a wonderful lens topic. You've really put a lot of work into this ... nicely done! Congratulations on being one of the final 100 favorite Squidoo lenses of 2011!

    • MCB2011 profile image


      7 years ago

      Yes, I have my favorites. Well put together and very informative. Thank you. Congratulations!iggalust

    • OhMe profile image

      Nancy Tate Hellams 

      7 years ago from Pendleton, SC

      Interesting read about Famous Women in History. Congrats on being in the Top 100 Community Favorites.

    • yourselfempowered profile image

      Odille Rault 

      7 years ago from Gloucester

      Great topic, excellent lens! Blessed. :)

    • flycatcherrr profile image


      7 years ago

      Fantastic lens - gets my vote for the community favorite of 2011. Carry on carrying on!

    • FlynntheCat1 profile image


      7 years ago

      Have you heard about Mary Seacole? She was around at the same time as Florence Nightingale and performed a similar role - in her own way!

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      Thanks for adding Peace Pilgrim. Her voice needs to continue to be heard. There are so many great women in history and when I was in school we learned very little about them. I was just thinking about Mary Ann Evans who wrote under the name of George Eliot so that her work would be taken seriously. And in my age group, Betty Friedan was our role model.

    • Frischy profile image


      7 years ago from Kentucky, USA

      This is really a wonderful lens. Very inspirational.

    • SheGetsCreative profile image

      Angela F 

      7 years ago from Seattle, WA

      Wonderful lens. Girls rule ;)

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      Great lens, Kirsti! I have bookmarked it as an excellent resource for my kids - son AND daughter.

    • Franksterk profile image

      Frankie Kangas 

      7 years ago from California

      My word! This is an amazing lens. I will be coming back over and over to get more women to read about here and off-line. Thank you for educating me. Blessed. Bear hugs, Frankster

    • LisaDH profile image


      7 years ago

      You've done an amazing job here. I hope any student looking for information about famous women lands right here and is so inspired by all these women that they will have a hard time deciding whom to choose.

    • KarenTBTEN profile image


      7 years ago

      This is a solid resource, beautifully presented. SquidAngel blessings.

    • Virginia Allain profile image

      Virginia Allain 

      7 years ago from Central Florida

      Wow - you've done a lot of work to make this topic more accessible. I hope students find this and appreciate the info placed at their fingertips.

      I made a lens about Carrie Nation as I thought her campaign for temperance and women's suffrage important for modern kids to know about.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)