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Wool - Fashion History Through Textiles Unit Study 1

Updated on September 14, 2014

4 modules make up 1 great unit study

This is the first module in the Fashion History Through Textiles unit study. Here you can learn about wool - from sheep to cloth follow the process of shearing, dying, spinning and weaving. With activities to accompany the lessons this unit study adds some fun to learning while combining the basics of english, math, art, history and more!

Here is what our readers have to say

Interesting and educational to read, even for someone who thinks she knows "everything" about wool!"

Connie (experienced spinner and weaver)

Module 1 - Wool

Wool Processing

Wool comes from the coat of certain animals, primarily sheep. Wool is processed through shearing, washing, dyeing, carding, spinning, knitting or weaving.

Did You Know?

Until the early 1800s most wool was made into cloth in the home. Between 1790 and 1890 almost every step became mechanized.

History of wool in the use of clothing

Sheep's wool is the most commonly used animal fiber in the world. The wool, spun into thread and made into clothing, dates back to ancient times and the first civilization of Mesopotamia (now Iraq).

Download the entire unit study to find out about the clothing of the ancient Greeks and Romans.

Did You Know?

A dark coloured toga was worn after someone died.

Guilds in Medieval Society

Sneak Peek

In the Middle Ages (500 CE to 1500 CE) raw wool and wool cloth were an important industry. In order to ensure the quality of the wool industry (and other crafts of the time), guilds were formed.

Download the entire unit study to find out the three steps to become a member of a Craft Guild.

Did You Know?

The Guild's emblem and Coat of Arms represented skill, integrity, quality and service as well as symbols of their trade.

Wool comes from Where?

Sneak Peek

Sheep are raised in countries around the world but some countries have a higher level of production.

Download the entire unit study and discover which country exports the most wool: Australia, New Zealand, China, Iran, United Kingdom or Argentina!

Did You Know?

Sheep farms in Australia are called stations.

Characteristics of Wool

Wool fibers can keep people warm by absorbing the water from the damp, cold air and keeping it away from the skin. Similarly, it can keep people cool by absorbing the sweat off the body and keeping it away from the skin thus keeping the body at a constant temperature. Wool fiber structure also creates its flexibility allowing wool cloth to remain wrinkle free.

Did You Know?

Until 1940, bathing suits were made from wool. But they would absorb so much water they became heavy and hard to swim in.

Wool fashion

The concept of wool fashion brings to mind bulky, knitted sweaters. True, they are part of wool fashion but wool cloth is not always bulky anymore. Wool cloth can range from a thick, coarse material used to make a winter coat to something soft enough for a baby to wear.

Download the entire unit study and discover fashion using wool in the form of chenille, felt, flannel, gabardine, melton, serge, tweed and worsted.

Did You Know?

Merino wool, from New Zealand and Australia is made with only fine fibers, taking the itch out of wool fashion!

Try it Yourself!

Want to learn more. You can download the entire unit study and receive all the information and activities for this brief study on wool. Then, you can move on to the next modules and study Silk, Cotton and Linen!

For the complete unit study message us through hedremp at yahoo dot ca

Comments on my page? - Thanks for reading!

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    • evelynsaenz1 profile image

      Evelyn Saenz 

      6 years ago from Royalton

      Another great unit study. It was only recently that I discovered how soft wool could be and I can see how wool would work better than cotton or linen as a bathing suit.

    • NYtoSCimjustme profile image


      6 years ago

      Lots of interesting information here - I did not know that bathing suits were once made of wool... sounds 'scratchy' to me...


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