ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Fine Arts

Updated on January 11, 2010

Fine arts have a purely aesthetic function as their basic purpose. The fine arts are usually said to include painting, drawing, sculpture, architecture, landscape architecture, literature, and musical composition. These arts are called "fine" because they provide beauty apart from any useful purpose they may serve. A painting or a sonnet may be enjoyed for itself alone, and even a beautiful building, although functional, gives aesthetic pleasure. The fine arts may also be described as those arts that satisfy an artist's need to create beauty.

The fine arts are generally distinguished from the performing arts, such as dancing, acting, singing, and playing a musical instrument. This distinction is made because the performing arts are considered more interpretive than creative. The fine arts are also distinguished from the decorative or applied arts, such as ceramics, interior decorating, jewelry design, and rug weaving. This distinction is made because the applied arts usually depend more on manual dexterity or technique than on creative originality. They are in fact, often referred to as crafts, rather than as arts.

The distinction between artist and craftsman existed in ancient Greece and Rome. Sculptors, architects, and poetic dramatists were revered because their work was associated with sacred temples and religious festivals. Gem engravers and vase painters, although respected, were regarded as being on a lower level because they worked with useful or decorative objects employed in the home or marketplace.

During the Middle Ages no such distinction was made between artist and craftsman. The same artist might be asked to do a painting or to design a tournament banner. Even in the Renaissance, when the artist achieved a more glorified position, a master, such as Raphael or Holbein, might design tapestries or jewelry, as well as execute paintings, for his patron.

In the 18th century the rise of the academies of painting and sculpture coincided with a tendency to assign a higher status to painters and sculptors than to decorators. Only "pure" artists, such as easel painters and sculptors, were elected to the academies. The first known use of the term "fine arts" in English was in 1767, a year before the Royal Academy was established. The equivalent French term, beaux arts, also came into use about that time.

Today, the academic distinction that sets the fine arts apart from the other arts is still generally observed. However, the painter Jean Lurcat has also  made sketches for tapestries, while Picasso has created designs for pottery, and Dufy has created designs for textiles. In addition, many actors, dancers, and concert performers contend that their work is as creative as that of any artist.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)