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Fort George

Updated on January 5, 2013

Fort George National Historic Site

Fort George, built between 1796 and 1799, was one of the military forts used to protect Canada from the American invasion during the War of 1812.

Recently I visited the historic site during the 200th celebrations of the end of the War of 1812. The costumed interpreters, historic buildings and re-enactments brought the history of Fort George alive!

photo by Sandra Wilson
photo by Sandra Wilson

Where is Fort George?

Fort George is situated in Niagara Falls, Canada at the edge of the Niagara river and across from Niagara, New York.

photo by Sandra Wilson
photo by Sandra Wilson

A brief history of Fort George

During the War of 1812 skirmishes between Fort George and Fort Niagara (U.S) damaged defenses to both forts. In May, 1813 the American army battered Fort George into ruin and took over the fort which they then fortified and occupied throughout the summer and autumn of 1813. The Americans abandoned the fort in December of 1813. The British reclaimed Fort George and then captured Fort Niagara. In 1814 the British began construction on Fort Mississauga at the river mouth and Fort George was abandoned and left to fall into ruin by the late 1820s.

A Tour of the Fort

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Gates to the fortBlockhouse - barracks and storehousePowder Magazine - the only fort building to survive the War of 1812Gun Shed - stores the field gunsThe Military PrisonOctagonal Blockhouse - artillery storehouse and lookout pointArtificier's Building - carpenter and blacksmith repair shop
Gates to the fort
Gates to the fort
Blockhouse - barracks and storehouse
Blockhouse - barracks and storehouse
Powder Magazine - the only fort building to survive the War of 1812
Powder Magazine - the only fort building to survive the War of 1812
Gun Shed - stores the field guns
Gun Shed - stores the field guns
The Military Prison
The Military Prison
Octagonal Blockhouse - artillery storehouse and lookout point
Octagonal Blockhouse - artillery storehouse and lookout point
Artificier's Building - carpenter and blacksmith repair shop
Artificier's Building - carpenter and blacksmith repair shop

Soldiers of the War of 1812 - at Fort George

photo by Sandra Wilson
photo by Sandra Wilson

British officers, including Major-General Sir Isaac Brock was stationed here, and buried here until a memorial vault was built. Battles would also include Native Americans and the militia which was composed of volunteers rather than trained soldiers.

The Battle of Fort George

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