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Forts Across Canada - North West Mounted Police

Updated on September 14, 2014

Forts Across Canada Unit Study

In the 3rd module of the unit study you can find out about the western part of Canada and the development of the North-West Mounted Police. Follow the mounties through key points in Canadian history and have some fun along the way!

Canada in the West

In 1873 Canada purchased a chunk of land from the Hudson's Bay Company and called it the Northwest Territories. This area had no government had was populated by Natives, Traders and Metis.

North West Mounted Police

The North West Mounted Police (NWMP) was created on May 23, 1873, by Sir John A. Macdonald, the first Prime Minister of Canada. The intent was to bring law and order to the North-West Territories, and in particular the whiskey traders at Fort Whoop-Up.

Download the entire unit study to find out more about Fort Whoop-Up!

Did You Know?

The son of author Charles Dickens was a member of the North West Mounted Police.

The March West

The newly appointed police force headed to the west to bring law and order to the area. A line of 300 policemen, cattle and equipment marched 900 miles/1448 kilometres to reach Fort Whoop-Up. They established the first NWMP fort Fort Macleod.

Download the entire unit study to find out more about the grueling march that some of the men didn't finish!

Did You Know?

Western forts were not built for defense but as a base for settlers.

Canada's Geography

Understand the country better with these Canadian geography resources

The Canadian Pacific Railway

The Canadian Pacific Railway began laying steel lines in the early 1880s. The hope was that a railway that stretched across the country would bring more settlers to the west.

Download the entire unit study to find out what role the NWMP played in the development of the railway.

Did You Know?

The railway laid nearly 5000 kilometres of steel rail.

The North West Rebellion

Metis leader Louis Riel rallied the Natives to support him in his fight against the government. The rapid disappearance of the Buffalo and the decline of the Hudson's Bay Company was creating drastic changes in the lives of the Natives and Metis. This uprising was the North West Rebellion.

Download the entire unit study to read more about the rebellion, what happened to Louis Riel and what caused the decline of the buffalo.

Did You Know?

Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump is a historic site in Alberta that preserves the heritage of the buffalo.

The Klondike Gold Rush

The first Mounted Police post in the Yukon, Fort Constantine had been established for just one year when George Washington Carmack, Skookum Jim and Tagish Charlie hit a bonanza in gold.

Download the entire unit study to read about the gold rush and what it meant for the NWMP.

Did You Know?

The Klondike Gold Rush caused the NWMP force in the Yukon to grow from 19 officers to 300 officers in just two years!


Discover your own treasure!

Try it Yourself!

Download the full unit study to supplement your lessons or as a lesson itself.

For the complete unit study message us through hedremp at yahoo dot ca

Comments on my page? - Thanks for reading!

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    • profile image


      6 years ago

      @marigoldina: lovin' the lens man, so cool, with de red uniform en all. comin' from texas so can't say proud to be canadian and stuff but cool uniform props on that

    • Hedremp profile imageAUTHOR

      Sandra Wilson 

      7 years ago from Wilson Education Resource Centre

      @Zut Moon: Thanks for your comments and for sharing my lens in your pavilion. Yes, a proud Canadian with a degree in History!

    • Zut Moon profile image

      Zut Moon 

      7 years ago

      OK ..put the coffee down and listen up ...LOL ... Nice lens and just wanted a needed for the History Pavillon... that and another are now on my newest lens. It's easy to tell you are Canadaian ....

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      Great lens! Very interesting stuff. Takes me back to my homeschooling days.

    • marigoldina profile image

      Heather B 

      7 years ago

      So, Charles Dickens' son moved to Canada? Fascinating! I am even more proud to be Canadian!

    • evelynsaenz1 profile image

      Evelyn Saenz 

      7 years ago from Royalton

      Thank you for creating another unit study on the history of Canada.

      Blessed by a Squid Angel!


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