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The Goddess Athena Trivia Quiz

Updated on January 7, 2015
Mourning Athena
Mourning Athena | Source

Pallas Athena Thea

How much do you know about Athena, Greek goddess of wisdom and war? Try this Athena Mythology Trivia Quiz and find out!

Then check out the myths, information, and pictures of Athena following the quiz. By the time you're done, you'll be an Athena expert.

Don't forget to try out some of my other Greek mythology quizzes, too!

Greek Mythology Quiz: Athena


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Pictures of the Goddess Athena - My photos of Athena art from my trip to Greece

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Colossal head of Athena in National Archaeological Museum (Ethniko Archaiologiko Museo), AthensArchaic statue of the goddess Athena from pediment of her old temple, Acropolis Museum, AthensThe "Mourning Athena" reads a memorial to the dead of the Persian Wars, Acropolis Museum, AthensAthena fighting Giants in the battle between gods and giants, on the Siphnian Treasury, Delphi MuseumSmall statue of Athena with aegis clearly visible, c 480 BCE by artist Euenor, Acropolis MuseumMosaic of Athena and Hermes, possibly an illustration of a theatrical production, Delos MuseumThe one on the left is Aphrodite dressed like Athena! At right is Hygeia and Athena. Epidaurus MuseumAnother image of the beautiful head of Athena in National Archaeological Museum, AthensThe Parthenon, temple of Athena, looking a little worse for wear: The Acropolis of AthensAthena's sacred olive tree growing in front of the Erechtheion,The Acropolis of Athens
Colossal head of Athena in National Archaeological Museum (Ethniko Archaiologiko Museo), Athens
Colossal head of Athena in National Archaeological Museum (Ethniko Archaiologiko Museo), Athens
Archaic statue of the goddess Athena from pediment of her old temple, Acropolis Museum, Athens
Archaic statue of the goddess Athena from pediment of her old temple, Acropolis Museum, Athens
The "Mourning Athena" reads a memorial to the dead of the Persian Wars, Acropolis Museum, Athens
The "Mourning Athena" reads a memorial to the dead of the Persian Wars, Acropolis Museum, Athens
Athena fighting Giants in the battle between gods and giants, on the Siphnian Treasury, Delphi Museum
Athena fighting Giants in the battle between gods and giants, on the Siphnian Treasury, Delphi Museum
Small statue of Athena with aegis clearly visible, c 480 BCE by artist Euenor, Acropolis Museum
Small statue of Athena with aegis clearly visible, c 480 BCE by artist Euenor, Acropolis Museum
Mosaic of Athena and Hermes, possibly an illustration of a theatrical production, Delos Museum
Mosaic of Athena and Hermes, possibly an illustration of a theatrical production, Delos Museum
The one on the left is Aphrodite dressed like Athena! At right is Hygeia and Athena. Epidaurus Museum
The one on the left is Aphrodite dressed like Athena! At right is Hygeia and Athena. Epidaurus Museum
Another image of the beautiful head of Athena in National Archaeological Museum, Athens
Another image of the beautiful head of Athena in National Archaeological Museum, Athens
The Parthenon, temple of Athena, looking a little worse for wear: The Acropolis of Athens
The Parthenon, temple of Athena, looking a little worse for wear: The Acropolis of Athens
Athena's sacred olive tree growing in front of the Erechtheion,The Acropolis of Athens
Athena's sacred olive tree growing in front of the Erechtheion,The Acropolis of Athens
Athena presents olive tree to King Kekrops
Athena presents olive tree to King Kekrops

The Contest Between Athena and Poseidon

Athena's Gift of the Olive Tree to Athens

Greek myths tell how Athena and Poseidon the sea-god competed to determine the patron god of Athens.

Poseidon's gift was a well, but its waters were salty. Athena created the olive tree, which provided wood, fruit, and olive oil used for everything from cooking to lighting.

Athena's gift carried the day, and the city of Athens adopted her and her name. The contest between Athena and Poseidon is a popular motif in art, including the Parthenon sculptures. Modern Greeks say that a descendant of Athena's olive tree still grows on the Acropolis of Athens (see photo gallery above).

Above: Athena, crowned by Nike, presents the olive tree to King Cecrops, founder of Athens.

The Parthenon...at Nashville?

Replica of the Temple of Athena in Athens

Q: What would you do if you wanted to experience a majestic ancient monument just as it looked 2400 years ago?

1. Reconstruct it, tampering with the original.

2. Build a full-sized copy of it in Nashville:

Source
Danae Getting a Visit from Zeus
Danae Getting a Visit from Zeus

Never Tick Off a Goddess, Part I

The contest between Athena and Arachne the weaver

A Lydian weaver, Arachne, boasted that her skill at the loom outstripped that of Athena.

Unfortunately for Arachne, Greek gods have excellent hearing. Descending from Olympus, Athena challenged the human girl to a contest.

The goddess wove a tapestry depicting her gift of the olive to Athens. Around the border she worked images of mortals punished for hubris.

Ignoring the warning, Arachne portrayed scandalous affairs of gods with mortals. The work was good -- flawless, even -- but Athena, enraged, shredded it and struck the girl with her shuttle. Arachne became the first spider.

Above: Vase painting depicting Perseus' mother Danae receiving a "gift" from Zeus.

Athena frees Jason from guardian of the Golden Fleece
Athena frees Jason from guardian of the Golden Fleece

Athena's Sacred Animals: The Owl and the Snake

Symbols of Wisdom and Mystery

Owl makes sense as the sacred bird of Athena, goddess of wisdom, but why the snake?

The association of snakes with powerful goddesses is an ancient tradition, dating back to the Minoan civilization a thousand years before classical Greece.

Snakes have powers of life and death. Their bite can kill. They emerge from the ground as if born from the earth and shed their skins as if sloughing off old age. These ideas are reflected in the serpents (drakontes) of Greek mythology.

Athena's aegis (see below) is fringed with snakes, and the colossal statue of Athena in the Parthenon had an enormous snake coiled inside her shield.

Above: Athena rescues Jason from the guardian of the Golden Fleece. (Alternate myth)

Athena at a Glance - Quick Facts about Pallas Athena

  • Goddess of war, weaving, wisdom.
  • Born full-grown and fully armed from the head of Zeus.
  • Mother: Zeus? ( Zeus swallowed pregnant Metis).
  • One of three virgin goddesses.
  • Sacred animals: Owl, snake.

Athena vs. Ares by Jacques Louis David
Athena vs. Ares by Jacques Louis David | Source

Clash of the War Gods

Athena vs. Ares in the Trojan War

In the Iliad, the gods of Olympus take sides. Athena favors the Greeks and her favorite heroes, Achilles and Odysseus, while Ares sides with the Trojans and Hector.

More than once, these two gods come to blows. Both are war-gods: Ares of violence and battle-frenzy, Athena of strategy. In their first face-off, Athena acts as Diomedes' charioteer, shielding him from Ares' spear-cast and guiding the hero's own spear so that it strikes true. Wounded, Ares flees the battlefield.

Later, the two gods face off directly. Blustering, Ares vows vengeance for their last encounter. Athena picks up a rock and clobbers him, reminding him who's boss.

Odysseus steals Palladium under Athena's supervision
Odysseus steals Palladium under Athena's supervision | Source

Pallas Athena: What Does It Mean?

Alternate origins for Athena's most well-known nickname

Most Greek gods, goddeses and heroes have epithets, nicknames. Athena's nickname Pallas is so old that it has several conflicting myths.

Some writers said it was the name of a giant she killed in the battle between the gods and the Titans. If so, the name may derive from the verb pallein, to brandish a spear.

Or it may have been another word for maiden (see the dictionary entry for Παλλὰς Ἀθηναίη).

An alternate myth from northern Africa says that Pallas was Athena's childhood playmate whom she accidentally killed. Grieving, Athena took her friend's name and fashioned the Palladium in her memory, a sacred wooden statue whose presence protected a city.

How Do We Spell Athena?

Greeks had no spell-checkers, so they wrote Athena's name in their local dialect:

Ἀθήνη: Athena in Ionic, Homeric Greek

Ἀθηναία, later shortened to Ἀθηνᾶ: Athena in Attic (Athenian) Greek

Ἀθάνα: Athena in Doric, Spartan Greek (used in tragedy)

Αθηνά: modern Greek

(η, eta, rhymes with "day," English "e")

Athena by Brygos Painter
Athena by Brygos Painter | Source

Athena, Patron of Arts and Smarts

but not really a goddess of women

Wits and craft, military strategy and city-building: Athena is a unique goddess who presides over a man's world. Despite her association with weaving, Athena has little to do with women.

In the Iliad and Odyssey, she mingles with heroes, frequently disguising herself as a man: Hector's brother, Mentor, Telemachus, a shepherd boy, to name a few.

in Aeschylus' play Eumenides, Athena comes down on the side of men and father's rights in a convoluted court case involving murders of mother, husband, and daughter.

Not that she renounces women entirely. Priestesses maintain her cult, feed her sacred snakes, and weave her statue a new gown during the Panathenaia festival. She protects everybody within the city's walls. But her primary sphere is in the public, not the domestic sphere. Back then, women were barely allowed out of the house.

See my essay on "Athena, Misogynist or Feminist?" for a more in-depth discussion.

Head of Athena on a tetradrachm
Head of Athena on a tetradrachm | Source

Gray-Eyed Athena... Or Is It "Flashing-Eyed"?

"Athene Glaukopis" in Greek

Homer sometimes calls her "θεὰ γλαυκῶπις Ἀθήνη," the "something-eyed goddess Athena," but it's not clear what he means by γλαυκός, glaukos. Modern translators often translate Homer's use of glaukos as "gleaming" or "flashing." Early Greek writers also use this word to describe the moon, the sea and the stars.

By the time of Plato, glaukopis (γλαυκῶπις) comes to mean "gray-eyed." Γλαυκός indicates a color from bluish-gray to bluish-green (sometimes used to describe olives). So let's stick to what we were taught as school-children and call her eyes gray!

Athena on early Black-figure vase
Athena on early Black-figure vase | Source

The Aegis of Zeus and Athena

Striking terror into her foes

The aegis originally belonged to Zeus, but his powerful daughter Athena usually wields it.

The word aegis means "goat-skin," not a very impressive form of armor for a divinity. I suspect it comes from early rustic traditions before the Greeks took up city life.

Early on, it's described as a shaggy or tasseled garment, but it soon acquires a dangerous fringe of snakes and a scaly surface. The head of Medusa (or some other Gorgon) is another upgrade which can stun or dazzle Athena's foes.

Athena Goes to College

Bryn Mawr College hails Athena as a patron. Each year, students sing a hymn to Pallas Athena in the hopes that her wisdom will rub off on them.

Athena and Marsyas, vase painting vased on a lost Greek statue
Athena and Marsyas, vase painting vased on a lost Greek statue | Source

Athena Gives Up Show Business

Does this flute make my face look fat?

Many myths are aetiological, which means explaining the origin of something.

The invention of the flute (or, actually, pipes) is one of these myths. Greeks trace this instrument to Athena. However, when she caught sight of her reflection in a mirror, she disliked the way her cheeks puffed out, and cast aside the pipes. The satyr Marsyas picked them up. In Athens, a well-known statue depicting this episode; painters frequently use it as a model.

Marsyas also got into trouble for boasting. He claimed to be a better musician than Apollo. The god challenged him to a music contest and had him flayed and turned into a wine-skin for his presumption. Ouch.

Kassandra clutches the statue of Athena, seeking asyium from Ajax
Kassandra clutches the statue of Athena, seeking asyium from Ajax

Never Tick Off a Goddess, Part II

Ajax the Not-So-Great

Athena gets down in the trenches with the boys. She personally assists and watches over Achilles, Odysseus, Diomedes, Telemachus, Perseus, Hercules, Theseus and many other Greek heroes. However, one famous Greek hero of the Trojan War earned Athena's wrath.

There are some things you just don't do, even in war. One of them is to drag away and violate a priestess clinging to a god's statue as a suppliant. When Cassandra took refuge in Athena's shrine, clasping the statue of Athena, Ajax the Lesser did just that. Ironically, he escaped being stoned for this act only by claiming sanctuary at Athena's altar himself.

The goddess bided her time. When the Greeks headed for home, Athena borrowed her father Zeu's thunderbolt and split open Ajax's ship. He might have survived, but he shouted defiance of the gods, and Poseidon finished him off.


Video overview of Athena's myths

Athena Quiz Guestbook - Sophias Philai, "Friends of Wisdom"

Submit a Comment

  • profile image

    wisdomowl 18 months ago

    +Got 100 only because of Percy Jackson and reasearch

  • captainj88 profile image

    Leah J. Hileman 3 years ago from East Berlin, PA, USA

    Fun way to learn some interesting mythology.

  • profile image

    anonymous 3 years ago

    Fascinating lens.

  • Scindhia H profile image

    Scindhia 3 years ago from Chennai

    Awesome lens and great info!

  • Lynn Klobuchar profile image

    Lynn Klobuchar 3 years ago from Minneapolis, Minnesota

    I need a refresher course! Thanks for all of this Athena lore.

  • valueapartments profile image

    Value Apartments 3 years ago from London

    Great lens! I only scored 20 but learned something new.

  • mrdata profile image

    mrdata 4 years ago

    Amazing and valuable lens! Big thanks!

  • makemoneyonline5 profile image

    makemoneyonline5 5 years ago

    fantastic lens!!

  • profile image

    GracoNautilus3-in-1CarSeat 5 years ago

    One of best ens i read thise days...Thank you 4 visit my lens.

  • mysweetjane lm profile image

    mysweetjane lm 5 years ago

    what a great lens in looks and information!

  • AstroGremlin profile image

    AstroGremlin 5 years ago

    Super cool lens. I only scored 40% but learned a lot about Athena.

  • profile image

    TheBeautifulLife 5 years ago

    love this lens about greek mythology...

  • profile image

    TheBeautifulLife 5 years ago

    Very interesting...

  • VspaBotanicals profile image

    VspaBotanicals 5 years ago

    Very educational

  • GeekGirl1 profile image

    GeekGirl1 5 years ago

    Fun quiz. Interesting facts about Athena.

  • Kae Yo profile image

    Kae Yo 5 years ago

    I got half right. Thanks for the fun quiz!

  • profile image

    sandi_x 5 years ago

    Very interesting

  • profile image

    anonymous 5 years ago

    I bombed

  • Kara Hara profile image

    Kara Hara 5 years ago

    Thanks for the interesting quiz

  • profile image

    Sojourn 5 years ago

    Ah...so I shouldn't have relied on my recently reading the children's books The Olympian series to complete my answers to the quiz! Learned a lot more here and loved the pics! Thanks!

  • profile image

    sojourner-1 5 years ago

    Interesting lens- learned some new info

  • profile image

    RuralFloridaLiving 5 years ago

    Thanks - interesting article

  • profile image

    stargoldteam12 5 years ago

    i like the lens and the quiz thanks.

  • profile image

    stargoldteam12 5 years ago

    i like the lens and the quiz thanks.

  • LaraineRoses profile image

    Laraine Sims 5 years ago from Lake Country, B.C.

    I enjoyed the quiz. Thank you!

  • profile image

    anonymous 5 years ago

    Nice lens. And thanks for the quiz.

  • jwcooney profile image

    jwcooney 5 years ago

    Great lens, thanks for publishing it! I will need to brush up on my Greek mythology it seems!

  • Rangoon House profile image

    AJ 5 years ago from Australia

    Mmm. My quiz result reflected a definite need to study up on my Greek mythology. Thank you for starting me off in the next section of your lens. Blessings.

  • Rangoon House profile image

    AJ 5 years ago from Australia

    Mmm. My quiz result reflected a definite need to study up on my Greek mythology. Thank you for starting me off in the next section of your lens. Blessings.

  • profile image

    SteveKaye 5 years ago

    Your lens is a work of art. Thank you for publishing it. (Awesome news. Your quiz was number 500 for me, so I won another trophy. Woo Woo!)

  • mistyblue75605 lm profile image

    mistyblue75605 lm 5 years ago

    Awesome information on your lens and very interesting reading. Enjoyed the quiz too! :)0

  • profile image

    PecjakJN 5 years ago

    very useful leans thanks for sharing.

  • BlueObsidian profile image

    Kimberly 5 years ago from Oregon

    This is a really fun topic. I haven't thought much about Greek mythology since college, but I certainly should!

  • lesliesinclair profile image

    lesliesinclair 5 years ago

    This was fun

  • WilliamPower profile image

    WilliamPower 5 years ago

    Stuff I didn't know!

  • Deadicated LM profile image

    Deadicated LM 5 years ago

    Awesome Lens, great job. Thanks for all the info.

  • exotickitten731 profile image

    exotickitten731 5 years ago

    love this lens = ] hoping to see some more like it = ] keep up the gd work

  • profile image

    Edutopia 5 years ago

    Neat quiz, and a great way to make me feel dumb for the day, haha.

  • AlphaChic profile image

    AlphaChic 5 years ago

    Interesting! Great quiz.

  • profile image

    ptnjust007 5 years ago

    great lens

  • profile image

    ptnjust007 5 years ago

    great lens

  • BobZau profile image

    Bob Zau 5 years ago

    Another excellent lens. Your quiz proved to me, I'm a bit behind on my Greek Mythology,

  • BobZau profile image

    Bob Zau 5 years ago

    Another excellent lens. Your quiz proved to me, I'm a bit behind on my Greek Mythology,

  • TheLittleCardShop profile image

    Malu Couttolenc 5 years ago

    Beautiful quiz and page about Athena. I have a Greek Heart, even when Im not Greek. :)

  • profile image

    tomskids 5 years ago

    Nicely done

  • profile image

    SimpleSocialSolution 5 years ago

    such vast information and great pictures. thanks

  • JoyfulReviewer profile image

    JoyfulReviewer 6 years ago

    Thanks for the fun and informative lens ... nicely done!

  • profile image

    aquarian_insight 6 years ago

    A really enjoyable lens - I had fun but didn't do too well on the quiz.

  • Stacy Birch profile image

    Stacy Birch 6 years ago

    Nice Quiz.

  • food monkey profile image

    food monkey 6 years ago

    fun lens :)

  • adamfrench profile image

    adamfrench 6 years ago

    Great lens, thumbs up

  • Aquavel profile image

    Aquavel 6 years ago

    Beautiful lens and great quiz about my favorite Goddess!

  • pramodbisht profile image

    pramodbisht 6 years ago

    Great quiz,had fun,thanks!

  • profile image

    anonymous 6 years ago

    Great quiz! Athena is my favorite mythological figure! Thanks for sharing!

  • hysongdesigns profile image

    hysongdesigns 6 years ago

    it's been a long time since I studied mythology; missed more than I got right!

  • TolovajWordsmith profile image

    Tolovaj Publishing House 6 years ago from Ljubljana

    Thanks for great time and some new knowledge!

  • pimbels lm profile image

    pimbels lm 6 years ago

    Very interesting, thank you.

  • verymary profile image

    Mary 6 years ago from Chicago area

    I always thought Athena was kick*ss. 60% on the quiz, though -- would never have gotten that goatskin one...

  • profile image

    anonymous 6 years ago

    Great

  • Diana Wenzel profile image

    Renaissance Woman 6 years ago from Colorado

    Very enlightening. Thank you!

  • stirko profile image

    stirko 6 years ago

    great quiz

  • CathyLou LM profile image

    CathyLou LM 6 years ago

    I love Greek mythology. I thought I'd do better in the test but it was a bit more in depth than my knowledge! :)

  • Bill Armstrong profile image

    Bill Armstrong 6 years ago from Valencia, California

    Thanks for sharing

  • rwoman profile image

    rwoman 6 years ago

    I just love trivia! Thanks for sharing.

  • profile image

    nickymyers 6 years ago

    i did not do well on the quiz. haha. but i learned allot. =]

  • profile image

    anonymous 6 years ago

    Interesting and fun!

  • dryder profile image

    dryder 6 years ago

    Great lens .. learned a lot!

  • Cheryl57 LM profile image

    Cheryl57 LM 6 years ago

    4/10, Another area I am not too well versed in!

  • NanaPoppins LM profile image

    NanaPoppins LM 6 years ago

    Next time I will read the whole page before I take the quiz.. lol Great Lens!

  • ChrisDay LM profile image

    ChrisDay LM 6 years ago

    Oh well - back to the drawing board!

  • Titia profile image

    Titia Geertman 6 years ago from Waterlandkerkje - The Netherlands

    Very interesting. I don't know too much about the ancient Greek Gods. I had 6 out of 10 in your quiz, but found some answers in your text.

  • greenspirit profile image

    poppy mercer 6 years ago from London

    Oh what an amazing lens...a complete inspiration. Definitely worthy of winning the tier one challenge.

  • Lemming13 profile image

    Lemming13 6 years ago

    Fascinating quiz, you caught me out properly. Great lens.

  • dahlia369 profile image

    dahlia369 6 years ago

    Wonderful lens, great info!! :)

  • ElizabethJeanAl profile image

    ElizabethJeanAl 6 years ago

    Awesome lens, but I need to go back to the books. 60% is not a good score.

    Thanks for sharing,

  • profile image

    anonymous 6 years ago

    This is almost like re-living "Clash of the Titans"!!!

  • chocsie profile image

    chocsie 6 years ago

    wow. some great info here! although i didn't do so well on the quiz :(

    but after reading your lens, i'd probably do great!

  • PNWtravels profile image

    Vicki Green 6 years ago from Wandering the Pacific Northwest USA

    I certainly learned a lot about Athena from your lens. Blessed by a SquidAngel and featured on my angel lens.

  • profile image

    maxnic11 6 years ago

    Good history

  • MargoPArrowsmith profile image

    MargoPArrowsmith 6 years ago

    Nice lens, reminds me of my trip to Athens and other parts of Greece I enjoyed it

  • John Dyhouse profile image

    John Dyhouse 6 years ago from UK

    wonderful shows the way to go! lots of great detail

  • BelindaBlevins profile image

    BelindaBlevins 7 years ago

    I thought I knew Athena better than that, ouch

  • jp1978 profile image

    jp1978 7 years ago

    10%, and I call myself a fan of Greek mythology!

  • profile image

    MamaChelsea 7 years ago

    Ouch, 30%! Guess I don't remember as much as I thought I did!

  • DreamingBoomer profile image

    Karen Kay 7 years ago from Jackson, MS

    Wow! I'm a dunce! 50 on the quiz :( but thanks for the interesting lens! Cool stuff!

  • ICanCook profile image

    ICanCook 7 years ago

    What an education! Thank you. I learned a lot here.

  • rwoman profile image

    rwoman 7 years ago

    Great lens, beautiful and informative!

  • profile image

    Tamara14 7 years ago

    I've learned so much. Thanks a lot for such a great lens.

  • PromptWriter profile image

    Moe Wood 7 years ago from Eastern Ontario

    I did not know nearly enough about Athena as I thought I did.

  • Jack2205 profile image

    Jack 7 years ago

    I took some Greek mythology classes when I was in school. It's interesting. Blessed by a Squid Angel.

  • Sarah Switalski profile image

    Sarah Switalski 7 years ago from Iowa

    Oh boy, only 40% but I learned a lot! You have been blessed by an angel and will be added to my angel lens :)

  • naturegirl7s profile image

    Yvonne L. B. 7 years ago from Covington, LA

    You make the best lenses. I'm going to have to come back to finish... there is so much here. Beautiful!

  • profile image

    anonymous 7 years ago

    haha 40% but learn a lot

  • giacombs-ramirez profile image

    gia combs-ramirez 7 years ago from Montana

    Amazing, amazing, amazing....and blessed!

  • profile image

    RinchenChodron 7 years ago

    Wow did I learn a lot on this lens. Very interesting. You simplified it for me.

  • profile image

    AmbrosiaPopsicle 7 years ago

    I love greek myths and legends, as you can tell :) Thank you so much for the fun and informative lens!

  • mythphile profile image
    Author

    Ellen Brundige 7 years ago from California

    @NoYouAreNot: Sorry! For some reason this website doesn't understand the Greek alphabet. But thank you for your comments, and for explaining glaukos and glaux. I studied ancient Greek, but I've forgotten so much. Even if I remembered, studying is no match for knowing a language from birth!

    I understand just what you mean about the sea. I remember a stormy day in Nauplio, and the Bay of Korinth looked like steel. I need to go back. Long enough to learn modern Greek, perhaps.

    Eucharisto!

  • mikerbowman profile image

    mikerbowman 7 years ago

    Great lens! Athena is my favorite mythological figure.

  • NoYouAreNot profile image

    NoYouAreNot 7 years ago

    Ooops! Trial-and-error, isn't it called? I just found out (the hard? way) that I cannot use the greek keyboard on squidoo comments. The ????? word : ) is "glaukos" for the colour of the sea and "glaux" (gen.: "glaukos") for the owl.

    Well, I'm only a few minutes' newcomer to the site -- I hope I'll do better in the future.

    (The funny thing: The comment I posted was, among others, about Athena's favourite bird. Then, the security code I was asked to enter was "birdgeek". Gee! Is Squidoo that much interactive????)

  • NoYouAreNot profile image

    NoYouAreNot 7 years ago

    About Athena's eyes: You are very right in mentioning both the Light-association and the Grey-colour association. In fact, in our modern greek language the word γλαÏκÏÏ (blue-grey) also refers to the colour of the sea, such as it appears under a cloud-ladden sky, for example. And there's more to this word: Athena's beloved bird, the owl, in ancient greek (and in the "catharevousa", the language used by the more educated people and the academics even up to 1974 - or was it 1976?) was called γλαÏξ (gen.: γλαÏκÏÏ) and it is also known for its big, luminous eyes.

    Cheers to you again for your lovely pages