Who was Hai Rui, and why should we care?
Hai Rui Was Known in Chinese History For Being Incorruptible
Hai Rui was raised by his mother, a Hui nationality woman living in Haikou, in the Moslem faith. He prepared for the Imperial examinations, to enter the state's bureaucracy, but initially failed in his endeavours. Only when he turned 35 years old did he commence his career as a lowly education clerk.
Hai Rui developed a reputation for scrupulous honesty, diligence and fairness. This won him many friends from the peasant classes, but also many enemies within the bureaucracy. He is still revered and his tomb in Haikou is still visited by many mainland tourists for worship.
Image: drs2biz | Lens Updated: August 25th, 2012 @ 8:30 pm Beijing time.
He was that rarest of mortal beings... an INCORRUPTIBLE public servant!
He spoke without fear or favour... even to the omnipotent emperors!
He was an intellectual who solved complex problems to the benefit of all!This image shows Hai Rui was very worried about the people because there was a flood in two rivers... Wu Song Jiang and Bai Mao He. They had no place to live and were evacuated to other Provinces and villages.
Hai Rui on Wikipedia ~ at a Glance
Read what the online reference source has to say...
Hai Rui () (23 January 1514 - 13 November 1587), was a famous Chinese official during of the Ming Dynasty. His name has come down in history as a model of honesty and integrity in office and he re-emerged as an important historical character during the Cultural Revolution.
Hai Rui ~ a Model of an Upright, Honest Official
Hai Rui (1514 to 1587 CE), who called himself Gang Feng, was from the Qiongshan district of Haikou. He was commissioned by an official from Nanping and undertook the position of county magistrate of Chun'an and Xing Guo counties. Hai Rui undertook land surveys meticulously and accurately as well as making the burden of taxation more equitable.
Hai Rui carefully considered all the issues he was confronted with, and resolved many doubtful cases. On the appointment of Administrator of National Taxation Revenue of Yunnan, Hai Rui wrote "A memorial to state outright the first important thing" to Emperor Shizong, commenting on his Taoist superstitions and ignoring politics. He was imprisoned for this letter. When he was the governor of the province, he published the "One Scourge" policy of state revenue, ordering officials to return agricultural land. Instead, he was dismissed from office and lived at home with no political affairs to handle for the next 16 years.
On turning 71, Hai Rui was reappointed by the Court, and he did his best to punish corruption. He died of illness while still in office.
Hai Rui was honest, upright and outspoken. He conducted himself in a clean and fair manner and was the epitome of an "honest and upright official" from all of Chinese history.
Statue at Hairui Park in Qiongshan, Haikou - Browse through more images from his hometown...
This image is curated from a set of images captured at Hai Rui Park (Hai Rui Gong Yuan), situated at Qiongshan, on the western outskirts of Haikou - the capital city of Hainan Province in China. You can view more images from this memorial to the great man here on Flickr.
A Statue of Hai Rui in Qiongshan Temple
Some Controversies Surrounding Hai Rui
Reputations of famous people never remain unscathed...
Criticism of Emperor's Religion - Despite his personal Moslem faith, Hai Rui sent a letter of impeachment to Emperor Jiajing, criticising his excessive devotion to Taoism and neglect of state affairs. He was sentenced to death for this act of temerity, but escaped this punishment and was later reinstated by Emperor Longqing.
Flaying of Corrupt Officials - Hai Ruyi was said to have suggested to his emperor that corrupt officials should be flayed, because he was so determined to stamp out the misuse of official power.
Ha Rui Dismissed from Office - In 1962 CE Wu Han, deputy mayor of Beijing, wrote a play about Hai Rui's dismissal that was later staged as a play. It was eventually demonised in the National newspapers as being an allegory for real-life events from 1959, where the Minister of National Defence (Peng Da Huai) was dismissed from his post by Chairman Mao Zedong. The resulting outrage of this inferred criticism of the national leadership helped establish the preconditions for the resulting Cultural Revolution!
Image of Mural From Hai Rui's Tomb in Biya Village - Take a look at images from Hai Rui's Haikou burial site...
This memorial mausoleum to the great man is a tourist attraction in Haikou city. The capital of Hainan Province in China. Take a look at some more images from the site of Hairui's Tomb on this set on Flickr.
Hai Rui: an Upright Official or Dour Killjoy? - Register what you think of him...
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