- Education and Science
Haiti Earthquake 2010
This is a Geography case study for LEDC Earthquakes.
This will be an easy to learn GCSE level case study for Geography. I'll include other resources to assist you in improving your knowledge and grades.
Bold Text = Important
Bold and Underlined Text = Super Important
Where: Epicentre was 25 km E of the capital, Port-au-prince, Haiti, in LÃ©ogÃ¢ne
Time: 4:53 pm, 12th January 2010
Scale: 7.0 Richter Scale
Death toll: 230,000
Haiti is on the island directly above the 'n' in the label 'Caribbean (CA)'.
Haiti and the Dominican Republic, both on the same island, lie on a plate boundary: the Caribbean Plate and the North American Plate. As the plates were moving past each other, they got stuck due to friction, causing a build up of energy. When the energy build up has overcome the friction, the plate jolts, causing an earthquake.
It's useful to be able to give a rough sketch of the epicentre and plate margins if you are going to use this case study for the exam!
- The public telephone service was non-functional
- Major mobile/cell networks lost service
- Fibre optics were damaged
- Out of 50 radio stations that were broadcasting before the event, only 20 were broadcasting after a week, due to damages
Immediate responses (short term)
- They opened their airport to aid for Haiti
- Hospitals were opened to Haitians
- Aid was given
- Repairs of telephone and data connection lines
- Sent mobile hospitals and mobile kitchens which served up to 100,000 meals a day
Long term responses
Geography Revision Guides
The Important Stuff
12th January 2012
Caribbean and N. American plate caused earthquake
No plans before, but global aid campaign improved situation
Plans now in place, but only 43% of money was given