Hideyo Noguchi, Bacteriologist
Born in 1876, Hideyo Noguchi discovered that syphilis was caused by viruses caused spirochetes. His ability to culture it led directly to other scientists being able to treat it. . He died of yellow fever while studying the disease in Africa.
He is a national hero in Japan, gracing their 1,000 yen note.
Dr. Noguchi's Childhood
And so it begins . . . .
Noguchi Hideyo was born in Inawashiro, Fukushima prefecture in 1876. When he was one and a half years old he fell down into a fireplace and suffered a burn injury on his left hand. In 1883 he entered Mitsuwa elementary school. Thanks to generous contributions from his teacher Kobayashi and his friends, he was able to receive surgery on his badly burned left hand. He recovered about 70% mobility and functionality in his left hand through the operation.
In addition to going to public school in Japan, he was also tutored privately in German, French, English, and Chinese Literature.
He's So Money
Dr. Noguchi's portrait has been printed on the Japanese 1000 yen bill since 2004.
Â¥1,000 is about $9.25.
Places Dr. Noguchi Worked
Dr. Noguchi graduated in medicine at Tokyo University in 1897, and for two years was assistant to Shibasaburo Kitasato at the Tokyo Institute for Infectious Disease. In 1901 he went to America, working first as an assistant with Simon Flexner at the University of Pennsylvania and later at the Carnegie Institute in Washington. After spending a year at the State Serum Institute in Copenhagen he returned to a post at the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research (now The Rockefeller University), with which he was associated for the rest of his life.
- Tokyo Dental College
Dr. Noguchi was a professor of Pathology at Tokyo Dental College.
- Tokyo Institute for Infectious Diseases (now The Institute of Medical Science)
Dr. Noguchi worked with Dr. Shibasaburo Kitasato at the Tokyo Institute for Infections Diseases, now the Japanese National Institute of Infectious Diseases. He met Dr. Simon Flexner here when Dr. Flexner toured the country's medical research facilit
- University of Pennsylvania
Taking a bold leap of faith, Dr. Noguchi boarded a ship and showed up at Dr. Flexner's lab at the University of Pennsylvania and asked for a job. In spite of not having a job available, Dr. Flexner knew a good thing when he saw it and made room for D
- The Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research
When Dr. Flexner left Penn to come to The Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research (now The Rockefeller University) he took only one member of his lab with him - Dr. Noguchi.
- State Serum Institute
Statens Serum Institut is a public enterprise operating as a market-oriented production and service enterprise. Statens Serum Institut is an enterprise under the Danish Ministry of Health and Prevention, and the Institute's duties are partly integra
The Animatronic Dr. Noguchi
I found this awesome robot on YouTube of Dr. Noguchi and had to share.
What Dr. Noguchi Studied
- Treponema pallidum
The spirochete that causes syphilis, this is the discovery that put Dr. Noguchi on the map. Picture credit CDC / Dr. David Cox. From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Public Health Image Library (PHIL), ID #1977.
- Yellow Fever
Dr. Noguchi died of yellow fever in Africa while trying to prove that it was caused by bacteria. As it turns out, yellow fever is caused by viruses.
- Snake Venom
The Action of Snake Venom on Cold-Blooded Animals.
Dr. Noguchi's paper The Etiology of Trachoma.
I don't know anything about the Canada International School in Vietnam except that in December of 2011, its students put on a living "wax" museum of famous people. Students depicted Mother Teresa, Helen Keller, Steve Jobs, Bruce Lee, Vincent Van Gogh, Hideyo Noguchi and many others.
Hideyo Noguchi on Amazon
Dr. Noguchi on the Web
- The Dreamer of Fukuchima
This is a web site from the Fukushima prefecture in Japan. The top of the page has a nice rotating list of facts about Dr. Noguchi.
- What Wikipedia Says
It gives a brief description of Dr. Noguchi's life and career and also lists honors that he was awarded both during his life and posthumously.
- The Columbia Encyclopedia
It gives a brief overview of Dr. Noguchi's studies, but it also gives you a list of articles about Dr. Noguchi that you can buy.
- Time Magazine's Biography
Written In memoriam. You need a subscription to see the whole thing, though.
Stamp of Approval
Japan Post has issued stamps in honor of Dr. Noguchi twice.
The first time was in 1949 as part of the Cultural Personalities Series.
The second time was on May 23, 2008 Japan Post issued a pair of stamps marking the first award of the Hideyo Noguchi Africa Prize. See below for a close up.
More Postage Stamps
These stamps commemorate the Hideyo Noguch Africa Prize, named after our favorite scientist....
Memorials and Museums Honoring Dr. Noguchi
- Hideyo Noguchi Memorial Hall (in Japanese)
This is in Japanese, but it looks quite extensive. Also see here for hours and address of the hall.
- Hideyo Noguchi Memorial Hall Tourism Information
The tourism information site of Fukushima Prefecture gives information about the memorial hall in English.
- The Noguchi Memorial Institute
The Noguchi Memorial Institute for Medical Research (NMIMR) was established by the University Council as a semi-autonomous institute of the University of Ghana in 1979.
- Hideyo Noguchi Africa Prize
The Government of Japan established the Hideyo Noguchi Africa Prize in July 2006 in memory of Dr. Hideyo Noguchi whose contribution to medical advancement and self-sacrificing activities in Africa remain a paragon of professionalism. Mindful of the o
- Dr. Noguchi's Childhood Home
Lake Inawashiro is Japan's fourth largest lake. Inawashiro is also the birthplace of the famous bacteriologist, Dr. Hideyo Noguchi. His home on the north shore of the lake is now a memorial museum.
- Burial Place
Dr. Noguchi is buried at Woodlawn Cemetery. Woodlawn offers group tours for $5 per person and can arrange for private tours as well. Press here for details.
The Delicious Dr. Noguchi
In 2007, Sapporo Black Label Beer came out with a "Hideyo Noguchi" can of beer. They made 3,000 and were available to the entire Fukushima prefecture, where Dr. Noguchi spent his childhood.
Had You Heard of Dr. Noguchi Before Reading This Lens?
Dr. Noguchi in The New York Times
- Baseless Charge Against Dr. Noguchi
May 21, 1912, Tuesday Anti-vivisectionists accused Dr. Noguchi of inoculation children with a disease. The charge was of course untrue.
- Noguchi Isolates the Germ of Rabies
September 7, 1913
- Noguchi's Discovery of the Germ of Hydrophobia
September 7, 1913 Dr. Noguchi has for the first time identified the germ of hydrophobia, reproduced it through many generations, and photographed the nucleated bodies that cause rabies, is based on a brief, modest, but complete report.
- Dr. Noguchi Proves Discovery to Paris
September 14, 1913 Dr. Hideyo Noguchi of the Rockefeller Institute of New York, whose isolation of the hydrophobia germ continues to be a theme of discussion in French medical circles, is now in Paris, being on his way to Vienna, where he will lectu
- Infant Paralysis Germs Cultivated
October 2, 1913 Dr. Simon Flexner, Director of the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research, and Dr. Hideyo Noguchi, one of his distinguished fellow-workers in that institution, have succeeded at last in cultivating artificially the germ that is r
- Infantile Paralysis Not Spread by Flies
July 15, 1917
- Sees Possible Cure for Spotted Fever
November 16, 1922 The discovery of a serum to combat Rocky Mountain spotted fever, an acute infectious disease of high mortality prevalent in the Far Western States, was announced yesterday by Dr. Hideyo Noguchi of the Rockefeller Institute for Medi
- A Cure for Trachoma
June 17, 1927 The recently announced discovery by Dr. Noguchi of the organism that causes trachoma not only adds another to the triumphs of this distinguished Japanese bacteriologist during his thirteen years' connection with the Rockefeller Institu
- Dr. Noguchi is Dead, Martyr of Science
May 22, 1928 Bacteriologist of Rockefeller Institute Dies of Yellow Fever on Gold Coast.
Buy Hideyo Noguchi - from ebay
I don't imagine there are many auctions having to do with Hideyo Noguchi, but if there are, I sure want to know about them.