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A Brief History of Ethiopia

Updated on December 10, 2014

The origin of the Cushitic-Omotic and Semitic languages group users who make new population from the migration patterns.

Exact details about the origin of the nations which make up the population in mainland high Ethiopia are still an issue for debate and research on early 1900s. Anthropologists believe that the Great Rift Valley in the east of Africa is the place of origin of all nations. In 1974, archaeologists discovered the fossilized skeleton was about 3.5 million years ago on the site of the Valley of the Awash. The fossilized skeleton was later named Australopithecus Afarensis of which it is known as the first hominids are standing upright, living in a group, and has been able to adapt to living in an open area and not in the jungle.

Towards more to the late Stone Age, recent research has begun to clarify the outline of the population prehistory of the present Ethiopia. This population is the group that speaks in a language that includes Afro-Asiatic super-language family who includes the Omotic languages, Cushitic, and Semitic. Linguists said that the original residence of cluster Afro-Asiatic languages originated from somewhere in north-east Africa. The main language of the site slowly started to spread in different times and in different directions. It later became the root of Ethiopian people today that were once spoken in part of North and Northeast Africa and Southwest Asia.

The first language that is separate from the group seemed to be the language Omotic. On around the years 13,000 B.C., Omotic language users were moved to the South to the region of the Highlands of Central and southwest of Ethiopia who at some time next followed by the users of the Cushitic languages, where they eventually settled in the area in the Northern Horn of Africa. The last language groups that separate themselves are Semitic languages. Semitic and Berber broke away from the ancient Egypt, as well as two other Afro-Asiatic languages and migrate towards the Far East to Southwest Asia.

In the period around 7000 BCs at the latest, evidence has shown two linguistic group users Cushitic and Omotic languages present in the Ethiopian. The difference of language diversity of each group then led to several new languages.

Both Cushitic-Omotic language users usually collect wild weeds and other plants for thousands of years before finally getting to know about farming. According to linguistic and limited archaeological analyzes, plow for farming began to be made in an effort to wheat cultivation. Besides farming, the group also began to study how raising animals, including cows, sheep, goats and donkeys. So, farming became a characteristic living poles the local area in prehistoric times and through the modern era. The ancestry and culture of people of Ethiopia are starting from groups who share their time and place to interact with the pattern of migration. The interaction was initiated long before the era of humans present and continues to thrive to this day.


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