ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Elements of Image Interpretation

Updated on August 1, 2011
image interpretaion elements - arrangement
image interpretaion elements - arrangement


In day to day life we are expected to see so many types of images. For example in newspapers we see some types of images like photographs, weather information maps etc. But however all the images which we came to see will not be unique in their nature. Some of them may be very simple and some of them are very difficult to understand. Ex: we can easily understand the players playing football in an image and at the same time it is difficult to understand the satellite images printed to give us the information about weather report etc.

But however understanding of such images also very essential in our day to life. So for understanding such complex images sent to earth by satellites is possible by knowing some techniques which are called as image interpretation techniques. And these are having a lot of importance in dealing with remote sensing systems and remote sensing images.


Image interpretation can be defined as the art of examining the images and understanding them to obtain information from them. In simple we can say it as the process of understanding images and extracting the information from them.

remote sensing  image taken by nasa
remote sensing image taken by nasa

elements of image interpretation:

There are several elements an interpreter must consider in order to obtain a reliable and accurate information from the images. they include size, shape, tone, texture, pattern, shadow etc. And some of the elements are explained here for easy understanding about these elements and there are many other elements one has to consider for obtaining accurate information.

Size : SIze of an element is an important element in detecting the objects. If size of the element is not considered properly a residential house sometimes may be misunderstood as a barnyard. And hence size must be assessed carefully.

Shape : Shape of an element plays an important role in finding special shape buildings such as pentagon house.

Texture : texture is composed of the tonal variations in an image. Using the texture of image one can distinguish between a grassland and forest trees.

Pattern : The arrangement of elements in an image is called pattern. For example the trees in an orchard will be in a regular pattern than in a forest. using the pattern one can distinguish between an orchard and a forest.

Shadow : Shadow of an element gives its shape. However some times it acts as hindrance in detecting other objects.

Tone : with out tonal variations one cannot distinguish various aspects such as pattern, shape etc. Hence colour is an important parameter.

Thus there are so many parameters one has to consider for successful interpretation of the image. However the interpretation success mainly depends on the knowledge, skill and experience of the interpreter. Because a novice interpreter may misjudge various elements where an expert can easily deal with the. Thus experience also plays a key role in assessing the various elements of image interpretation.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • srinivas2036 profile imageAUTHOR


      6 years ago from tirupathi

      carcro, thanks for commenting . And yes u are right its some times difficult to intrpret. and the ease of interpretation depends on nature and quality of image.

    • carcro profile image

      Paul Cronin 

      7 years ago from Winnipeg

      That's something I never really thought about before, when looking at images. You're right that sometimes its really difficult to interpret what I'm looking at, this really helps. Thanks for the info.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)