- Education and Science
Japan Earthquake and Tsunami 2011 Case study
MEDC Earthquake and Tsunami
This is a Geography case study for MEDC Earthquakes and Tsunami's.
This will be an easy to learn GCSE level case study for Geography. I'll include other resources to assist you in improving your knowledge and grades.
Bold Text = Important
Bold and Underlined Text = Super Important
Where: Epicentre was 250 miles off the NE Coast of Honshu, Japan
Time: 2:46 pm, 11th March 2011
Scale: 9.0 Richter Scale
Death toll: 13,843 (18th April 2011) with 14,030 still missing
As you can see above, Japan sits just beside 2 big plate margins (depicted by the big blue lines). These are both destructive plate boundaries, and hence why Japan exists today.
The Pacific plate (PA) is always being pushed under the Eurasian plate, but this time it got stuck. The sticking was due to friction, and when released caused an earthquake. As the earthquake was at sea, the movement also caused a Tsunami to form, which ultimately caused the most damage in the disaster.
It's useful to be able to give a rough sketch of Japan and its plate boundaries if you are going to use this case study for the exam!
- Public buses stopped
- Roads and public highways damaged
- Bullet train stopped
Long term responses
Geography Revision Guides
The Important Stuff
11th March 2011
Pacific plate subducting under Eurasian plate
13,843 dead & 14,030 missing
Utilities & infrastructure damaged
Nuclear power plant unstable
Cost: US$232 billion to repair