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JOHARI WINDOW: A Guide to Personal and Career Life - Part 1

Updated on January 8, 2010

There was a topic in our Hubpages Forum that triggers me to write this article. Our Hubber H.C. Porter posted this as “What is more accurate – the way you see you or the way others see you?” She made follow-up questions as “Do we really know who we are? Or do the people that we let into our hearts and lives know us better?” Quite interesting, isn’t it? She also received quite interesting answers from a lot of hubbers. These prompt me to introduce the Principles of Johari Window that might be helpful to a lot of readers.

It was in 1955 when the American Psychologists, Joseph Luft and Harry Ingham first introduced the concept during a research in Los Angeles, California.  The term Johari was derived from their first name Joe and Harry.  The Principles of Johari Window was then used as a model in understanding self-awareness and perception, interpersonal relationships, training and group dynamics, and in team development.  It was used as a graphic representation of how well you know yourself as well as how others know you.  The entire model is divided into four spots or perspectives.  An illustrative diagram below will show you a vivid picture of the model.

Figure 1.1
Figure 1.1

OPEN SPOT - This perspective is also known as the “open self or open area.” It includes information that you see about yourself and what others see you. This is the area in your life that you have shared to others such as your experiences, opinion, feelings, behavior, skills, or problems. This is the element of yourself that you freely divulge to others. This is the public part of your life.

BLIND SPOT - This perspective is also known as the “blind area or blind self.” This is the part of yourself that others see about you that you are not aware of it. For instance, Hubber megs78 mentioned in her reply that “I have asked myself before if I see myself the way others do. Sometimes I think I must be delusional about myself because someone will tell me something positive about myself that I had always seen as negative in my life. Or vice versa.” You might consider yourself as outspoken while others see it as being tactless. On the otherhand, others may view it as being straightforward. This can also be referred to as the ignorance part about yourself.

HIDDEN SPOT – This perspective is also known as the “hidden self or façade.” This is the part of yourself that you are aware of but you don’t want to let others know it. This is the information that you chose not to reveal it to others. For instance, Hubber Himitsu Shugisha - “Those closest to me will only know what I want them to know, so by default I know myself better than anyone else ever will.” Mostly fears, feelings and sensitive experiences are kept hidden. It is the person who decides the amount of information you want to share to others. This is your personal and secrets in life.

UNKNOWN SPOT – This perspective is also known as the “unknown self or unconscious area.” It includes information that neither you nor others know about you. A large portion of the unknown self is usually common to children or young people. A person’s repressed or subconscious feelings and experiences can be stored in their unknown self when they grow up. This is the mystery about yourself in life.

The Principles of Johari Window is an individual relationship specific model that means each person develops a variety of windows for every relationship. For instance, your Johari window with your husband is different from your Johari window with your boss. It will also change in the future as your relationship evolves.

In Part 2 - Understanding Relationships through Johari Window, we presented specific situational examples. We showed the different variety of windows for every relationship to help you understand things about yourself and about others.

While in Part 3 of Exploring Self-Perception, we shall discuss the tools to discover self-awareness.


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    • TINA V profile imageAUTHOR

      TINA V 

      6 years ago


      Thank you for sharing your experience. I'm glad you find this hub useful to your personal life. I'm happy for you. Enjoy your week!

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      thank u so much for this informative narrative...thru someone else years ago, I have been quoting and referring to this what I called "The Facade window" for years incorrectly and had purpose to look it up this morning finally . Thanks you for putting me straight .

    • TINA V profile imageAUTHOR

      TINA V 

      8 years ago

      I am glad you like it. Thank you for reading this hub.

    • DeBorrah K. Ogans profile image

      DeBorrah K Ogans 

      8 years ago

      Tina V, This was well presented and informative! Thank You for sharing, Blessings!

    • TINA V profile imageAUTHOR

      TINA V 

      9 years ago

      This Johari Window concept is also used in teambuilding activities or group dynamics in many organizations. But the one that you were referring is more engaged in time management activities specifically in prioritization of tasks. I am glad to hear that you were introduced to that concept too.

      Thank you for your comment.

    • kcnck profile image


      9 years ago

      This box is similar to the time management box, I was introduced to in a session by a personality development mentor.

      The 4 boxes were Highly important and urgent tasks,tasks with near deadlines but not relevant to your own goals, tasks that are relevant to your goals so are ‘important’ but ‘not urgent’, in that their deadlines are not immediate,tasks that are ‘not urgent’ and ‘not important’

    • TINA V profile imageAUTHOR

      TINA V 

      9 years ago

      Hi Nina, I am glad to hear from you. The Johari Window is one of the most neglected concept in Psychology. I wrote this with my intent that it will help all readers to understand themselves and others too. This had been useful to me in my personal and career life. I hope that others will also find it useful.

      Thank you for reading this hub.

    • ncmonroe1981 profile image


      9 years ago from West Virginia

      Tina: A very nice hub! The Johari Window is such an interesting way to visualize ourselves in the context of others. It can be surprising to ponder who we think we are and how others see us. I'm looking forward to finishing the series.

    • TINA V profile imageAUTHOR

      TINA V 

      9 years ago

      Hi HC Porter, the question you posted in our forum triggered me to write this article. I just thought it might be helpful to our readers.

      Thank you for taking your time to read this hub.

      Have a great week!

    • H.C Porter profile image


      9 years ago from Lone Star State

      I am glad that you posted this hub. There is much to consider when we consider who we are as individuals. Thanks for copying me on your article.

      HC Porter

    • TINA V profile imageAUTHOR

      TINA V 

      9 years ago

      You're most welcome, Himitsu. As I have mentioned to Joe, I hope that this article would be helpful to all readers.

      Thank you also for reading my article.

    • Himitsu Shugisha profile image

      Himitsu Shugisha 

      9 years ago

      Tina, there is a lot of accuracy in the Hidden Spot perspective with regards to me and the information I share. Thanks for copying me on this article...well done.

    • TINA V profile imageAUTHOR

      TINA V 

      9 years ago

      Thank you. I hope this would be helpful to all readers.

    • Joe Andover profile image

      Ken Ratajczak 

      9 years ago from North Ridgeville, Ohio

      You are well informed and convey the information very thoroughly.


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