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King Richard III - The King in the Car Park

Updated on August 23, 2017
Holly22 profile image

Hubpages is where I explore my inner writer. I started with a few sales hubs but now have specialised in my interests What I know most about

King Richard III's Reinterment

I have written other articles about Richard's reinterment, which I had the good fortune to attend. Two years later I revisited the place and took this photo of the new tomb. It is a superb location, a fitting tribute to a great king.

Richard III's Tomb in Leicester Cathedral

Remains of a plantagenet king found in Leicester.

BREAKING NEWS: RICHARD TO BE BURIED IN LEICESTER. SEE ARTICLE BELOW

The story of King Richard III of England is the last chapter in the story of the 15th Century. Much of what happened following the death of Edward III in 1377, led directly to a splintering of the royal succession through five royal lines at a time when the rules of primogeniture were not strictly adhered to. A time when the rule of sword very often superseded the rule of right. Edward's five male lines led to conflicting loyalties, views and a plethora of descendants that led to the War of the Roses, Bosworth Field and the eventual demise of the Plantagenet line.

When Henry Tudor, who at best had a weak claim to the throne through the female line back to John of Gaunt, picked up Richard's crown and married Richard's niece Elizabeth, he brought 100 years of conflict to an end. Few can argue with the success of the Tudor regime. However it is what Henry did to this Plantagenet inheritance in support of his own need of legitimacy that comes down to us and is now unraveling so fast in the light of new events unfolding.

A skeleton was found in a car park in Leicester in September 2012. After much analysis including diet, carbon dating, battle scars and crucially DNA matching, the remains are of the king beyond all reasonable doubt. These are King Richard 3rd's remains. This is Richard's story.

All Photos courtesy of Wikimedia Commons or Peter Broster unless otherwise stated.

Latest News Section added below Please check back regularly for updates.

Leicester Cathedral
Leicester Cathedral

Richard III to be reburied in Leicester

Judicial review hands down decision

After over a year of nail biting the judicial review has ruled in favour of Richard being re-interred at Leicester Cathedral. While it was never a foregone conclusion I think there was a big collective sigh of relief from all the players involved in finding the skeleton. Possession is not nine tenths of the law in this case and the ruling could easily have gone the other way. In the end the judges ruled that there was no precedent that the university should have given wider consultation on the choice of burial sites and so the judges had therefore no cause to become involved. I am sure this came as a blow to the 'plantagenet alliance' who had sought to have him interred at York and the merits of the case, in particular Richard's perceived last wishes, did require some review. But really Leicester held most of the cards, they researched the location, they made the application, they did all the work and it seems patience paid off. The judges declared there was 'no duty to consult'. My hope now is that finally we can get a ceremony where all of us who have followed the story closely will have a chance to see the king ride to his final resting place at the heart of Leicester Cathedral.

Edward III
Edward III

The Plantagenet Heritage

The route to Bosworth Field

The seeds of the Wars of the Roses was sewn with Edward III having five healthy sons who survived into adulthood and had children themselves.

The first son, Edward the Black Prince, had one son who inherited the crown on Edward III's death to rule 22 years. Poor rule and perceived favoritism led to Richard being deposed by Henry IV, the son of Edward III's third son John of Gaunt. This established the Lancaster Line. Meanwhile Lionel the second son had children that led to Ann who married a Richard who was descended from Edmund the fourth son. Thus the children of this union had a claim through the fourth son and second son. It was under this 'double' claim that the Yorkists made their run for the throne 'usurped' by the Lancasters. The fifth son, Thomas never came close to the throne but the descendants were forever involved in the intrigues and many paid with their lives.

All would have been well if Henry VI had been a strong king. He unfortunately had moments, sometimes years of insanity and through years of mismanagement Henry VI was deposed by Edward VI, a son of the Yorkist line and thus the throne swapped sides. All would have been well if Edward IV had lived long enough for his son Edward V to reach adulthood. But Edward IV succombed in his forties with his sons still children. Here, in the summer of 1483, is where Richard III, the Richard of infamy, the Richard maligned by Shakespeare and the Tudors, stepped on to the stage.

Henry's March Through Mid Wales - The Dyfi Valley

The Dyfi Valley
The Dyfi Valley

Henry landed in Milford Haven, Pembrokeshire and moved up the coast to the old Welsh Capital of Machynlleth where he purportedly drank from the Town Well. He then moved inland up the Dyfi Valley and on to Newtown crossing into England near Shrewsbury.

Battle of Bosworth Field
Battle of Bosworth Field

Bosworth Field

The final conflict of the Wars of the Roses.

By 1485 there weren't a lot of contenders for the throne left. Rulers had either died or been deposed. Pretenders had been either executed or banished. Richard held the throne by dubious means and the disappearance of Edward IV's boys hung heavily in the air. By all accounts Richard III had been a good faithful supporter of his brother Edward and was a good ruler in his 26 months of office. But one pretender remained and was living in France. Exiled Henry Tudor, First Earl of Richmond.

Henry's claim to the throne came through John of Gaunt's second wife Katherine Swynford. Her children were mostly born out of wedlock but were all legitimized on the marriage of John and Katherine. Oddly enough on the condition that the heirs could not claim the throne! One of the granddaughters Margaret, married an Owen Tudor and through this tenuous line Henry made his claim. Landing in Pembroke Henry gathered his forces through Wales yet by the time of meeting Richard near Leicester Richard could still count on an army twice the size.

The story that followed is well known. Headstrong Richard saw Henry's standard and charged, killing Henry's standard bearer and almost reaching Henry's person before being swept into a marsh and cut down and butchered on the spot. Richard's naked body was paraded on the back of a horse into Leicester. Exhibited for all to see that he was dead, buried in Greyfriars church. And then the Tudor stories were woven into the fabric of our history and while Richard was not forgotten, he was demonised and left as the 'Worst King of England' reviled by all.

Carpark Grave - Elaine Fisher
Carpark Grave - Elaine Fisher

King Richard III in 2012

The skeleton in the Leicester Carpark

Documents exist that state Richard was buried in Greyfriars church, behind an altar, in Leicester but no one knew exactly where. The rumour mill also suggested that the naked body was thrown into the River Soar. But in recent months an effort was made to match the maps of Greyfriars church with the streets of modern Leicester. A match was found that placed the church in a council car park and digging was financed and approved in September 2012. News came rapidly as a skeleton was discovered very soon into the dig and was matched to being by the Altar of the now destroyed church. The bones were carefully disinterred and taken to the University of Leicester for four months of analysis.

Visual evidence

The feet were missing but the rest of the skeleton was intact. The body showed a substantial curvature to the spine and was concluded as caused by scoliosis. The skull showed cuts to the face and a piece of lower skull cleaved from the skull itself. There was also a mark to the pelvic area indicative of a knife wound to the buttock. There was however no indication of Shakespeare's attributed withered arm.

Radiocarbon evidence

Originally a radio carbon date of 1560 was obtained. But evidence of diet indicated that the individual ate well and this included a lot of fish. Fish take their carbon from the ocean which contains carbon from ancient rocks substantially depleted in carbon 14. An adjustment for this was made and a date of 1480 to 1540 was obtained.

DNA evidence

Michael Ibsen is a most unassuming man who has been thrust into the spotlight as a result of his very good genes. Tracing down through the female line from Ann, Richard's sister, the bloodline was traced to Joy Ibsen who lived in London Ontario. On Joy's death recently the link to Richard rested with her son and swabs were taken from Michael who has been happy to be involved with this investigation.

All this led to the conclusion that King Richard III bones had finally been found.

Photo Elaine Fisher

Richard's Skull - Elaine Fisher
Richard's Skull - Elaine Fisher

King Richard III in 2013

King Richard III's Bones

This the exciting part because it is still in the process of happening. At some point this lens will be distant past but not now! The announcement that the bones were of the long dead king has caused a media frenzy. All this section's unanswered questions will be expanded upon as they are verified or updated.

The palace has been kept abreast of all the discoveries and it has been agreed that Richard must have a proper burial. It is most likely that he had a funeral at the time so the new service will more than likely be a celebration of his life. But will it be a full state funeral as befits a king or a more watered down affair?

There is also news that a tomb is being crafted and well underway. I hope it bears a link with the past but also maybe has 21st century features to connect us with his time. What form will the tomb take?

Richard died a catholic since all England was catholic prior to the reformation under Henry VIII. So there is some question as to what form the service will take. Will he be given full catholic rites, an Anglican service or some mixture of the two?

Photo Elaine Fisher

Replica Skull - Elaine Fisher
Replica Skull - Elaine Fisher

Leicester or York

King Richard III's final resting place.

As anticipated there is a discussion brewing over where Richard will finally be laid to rest. The date is said to be early 2014 and, again, this space will be updated. Suffice to say the the excavation rights were given to Leicester University and the conditions were that the body be placed in Leicester Cathedral. Done and dusted you think. York Council has written to the Queen asking for the body to be laid to rest in York Minster. There is a petition online that already has over 10000 signatures, if it reaches 100,000 then the question can be raised in parliament. The arguments are as followed:

1 For Leicester. Leicester university did the research and excavation and examination. Richard died at Bosworth Field. Richard was buried in Leicester and has been there for over 500 years.

2 For York. He was granted the Dukedom of Gloucester but he was a member of the House of York. He owned lands and had deep connections with York. There is evidence that he had requested to be buried at York.

The question is being hotly debated on both sides. There is a good argument that wherever he goes Richard will generate much needed tourists dollars for the local communities. It could be further argued that Leicester needs this far more than York. Also York Minster itself has come out in support of Leicester. York Minster has stated that Richard should stay in Leicester Cathedral. However the various Yorkshire council members make a good case for the deep connection between York and Richard. He owned lands there and spent much of his time in and around York. I will be providing updates as this story unfolds. As a writer I am staying neutral on this petition and I will be going to whichever town eventually wins.

Photo Elaine Fisher

Richard III's Resting Place for 500 years - The Carpark in Leicester

Car Park
Car Park

I FINALLY VISITED THE SITE !! Finally I managed to get to Leicester and see the carpark that is currently being excavated in preparation for creating a permanent exhibition to the king. I also visited the temporary exhibition, walked around Leicester Cathedral to see the proposed location for the tomb and I visited the site of the Blue Boar where Richard slept for some of his last days. This latter is now a casino which is sad and there is no feeling for what stood there until 1830. I walked around Leicester and while of course everything has changed in the intervening years, you do still get a feel for a very ancient town with narrow streets and no motor cars, the modern pedestrian precinct has done a lot to make the city more walkable. I also I found a lovely pub called the Globe where I had a pint or 2 of the local brew. Leicester is well worth a visit.

Latest News On King Richard III - All the news I can find as it happens. This is an evolving story do check back.

  1. February 27th 2013 University of Leicester has purchased a painting of Richard outside the Blue Boar Tavern just before heading to Bosworth. The painting by Victorian artist John Fulleylove is especially pertinent given that he is a local artist and the painting became available at such an important time.
  2. July 19th 2013 Leicester Cathedral today announced they were launching a fundraiser campaign to pay for an above ground three dimensional gothic tomb for Richard III's bones as is befitting the last plantagenet king. The cathedral had originally decided on a floor stone because of the lack of space in this erstwhile parish church. The Richard III Society wanted a proper tomb and their proposal, with modifications has been accepted.
  3. November 26th 2013 At time of writing the judicial review has been adjourned pending discussions between Leicester Council and the society of friends of Richard III. So there is still no news of where he will be buried but there is possibly signs it will be resolved without the War of the Roses part 2..
  4. May 25th 2014. The judicial review has finally issued its verdict. There are no grounds in common law that required the university to consult the judiciary or open the decision of where to bury Richard to a public consultation. The university applied for permission to exhume the body and rebury in Leicester. The Ministry of Justice gave that permission and no further permission was required. Whether you agree or not I hope this is the end and Richard can finally be left in peace next year.

Where do you think Richard should be buried?

Given the arguments above do you think Richard would more appropriately be buried at York Minster or Leicester Cathedral?

See results

The Attributes of King Richard III

Much of the information we have about Richard has been a result of Tudor propaganda. History is written by the victorious and certainly Henry VII was able to manipulate the media of the time. However, Richard was not the legitimate heir to the throne and the dark deeds of what happened in the tower to the two sons of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville hang heavily on his reign. So any decision has to weighed on balance of all the information. We will never know the full story but recent events do allow for a more critical review of the man and his reign.

Do you think that, based on factual evidence, Richard was a good or bad king?

Leicester UK

© 2013 Christine and Peter Broster

What are your views on the current events surrounding King Richard III? - I would love to hear your thoughts

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    • Merrci profile image

      Merry Citarella 3 years ago from Oregon's Southern Coast

      Interesting read! I'm glad I found it.

    • profile image

      ratae55 4 years ago

      @steve834: Possession is nine tenths of the law? In this case, who does actually make the final decision?

    • Wilfcat profile image

      Wilf Catt 4 years ago from Leicester, England

      Usually struggling to find a theme for their annual Beer festival, it is not surprising that the Leicester branch of the Campaign for Real Ale (Camra) have chosen Richard III for this year's festival 20-23 March. As expected there are several festival special brews with topical names! Incidentally, there has been a Richard III public house on Highcross Street in Leicester for many years siyuated not far from the site of the former Blue / White Boar. http://www.leicestercamra.org.uk/Festivals/2013fes...

    • JeffGilbert profile image

      JeffGilbert 4 years ago

      Well, this was very informative. I remember hearing about this on CNN and thought, after all these years, they're still finding skeletons of historical people in England. And you filled in a lot of great details. Great lens!! :)

    • profile image

      anonymous 4 years ago

      @Holly22: Holly2, You seem to getting more press than Richard!

    • profile image

      anonymous 4 years ago

      If he didn't have any knowledge of his missing nephews, why wasn't there an official statement to that effect prior to having himself crowned. Surely people must have wondered how could Richard suddenly assume the crown without giving a valid reason.

    • steve834 profile image

      steve834 4 years ago

      Not sure where he will be buried York or Leicester

    • Holly22 profile image
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      Christine and Peter Broster 4 years ago from Tywyn Wales UK

      @anonymous: I don't think he murdered them either but I think he must have been aware that something was afoot. The way I see it is they were all at it back then so why single him out. I have been riveted as welland my next task is a trip to Leicester when the weather warms up.

    • Holly22 profile image
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      Christine and Peter Broster 4 years ago from Tywyn Wales UK

      @weakbond: My pleasure and there is more news to come so please come back again.

    • Holly22 profile image
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      Christine and Peter Broster 4 years ago from Tywyn Wales UK

      @anonymous: Agreed

    • Holly22 profile image
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      Christine and Peter Broster 4 years ago from Tywyn Wales UK

      @anonymous: Yes especially when they found the skeleton under the letter 'R' of car park. (Not sure which R though)

    • profile image

      anonymous 4 years ago

      The discovery of the remains of King Richard III makes for a fascinating story, but I doubt we will ever know for sure whether he was a good or bad king.

    • profile image

      anonymous 4 years ago

      Excellent lens. I was also fascinated when his remains were discovered. Wouldn't it have been a thrill to be part of that group?

    • weakbond profile image

      Nnadi bonaventure Chima 4 years ago from Johanesburg

      Highly informative lens ,thanks for sharing

    • PizmoBeach LM profile image

      PizmoBeach LM 4 years ago

      I really enjoyed this lens. Here is a link to an article about the views of some of Richard's descendants on his final resting place -

      http://www.telegraph.co.uk/science/science-news/98...

    • profile image

      anonymous 4 years ago

      First of all, congratulations on a great lens! It's so hard to even try to explain the tangled web of heirs and pretenders involved in the Wars of the Roses, but you've done an admirable job. As a fanatic history buff, I love anything involved with the Middle Ages, esp. the Wars of the Roses. The discovery of the remains was very exciting to me, and as you can imagine, when the skeleton was proven to be Richard III, I was thrilled and amazed. I'm a confirmed believer in his innocence in the matter of the Princes in the Tower.

    • Holly22 profile image
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      Christine and Peter Broster 4 years ago from Tywyn Wales UK

      @EmmaTaylor: I am always delighted when this story touches those who would otherwise not be involved. Welcome to the debate.

    • Holly22 profile image
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      Christine and Peter Broster 4 years ago from Tywyn Wales UK

      @mrknowitall54321: Thank You

    • mrknowitall54321 profile image

      mrknowitall54321 4 years ago

      A wealth of information, great read!

    • profile image

      EmmaTaylor 4 years ago

      Wow, that is pretty amazing that he was found like that. I must have missed that news story. I definitely would have remembered that.

    • Holly22 profile image
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      Christine and Peter Broster 4 years ago from Tywyn Wales UK

      @Elyn MacInnis: Touche

    • Elyn MacInnis profile image

      Elyn MacInnis 4 years ago from Shanghai, China

      Awesome page - How about "a king" - as opposed to a good or bad one.

    • Holly22 profile image
      Author

      Christine and Peter Broster 4 years ago from Tywyn Wales UK

      @ChefWilliam: This is one of my motivations....it is an evolving story. I am off to Leicester next month !!

    • Wilfcat profile image

      Wilf Catt 4 years ago from Leicester, England

      It is interesting to note that the method of using DNA "fingerprinting" was discovered by Prof Alec Jeffreys at Leicester University and now, some 28 years later, the method has been used by the same University in the case of King Richard III's remains, also discovered in Leicester. Anyone interested in genetic fingerprinting should take a look at the following video from The Royal Society. http://royalsociety.org/events/2010/genetic-finger...

    • Holly22 profile image
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      Christine and Peter Broster 4 years ago from Tywyn Wales UK

      @Brandi Bush: Thank you....I was LOTD yesterday and I wondered if there would be a spillover and you have proved this to be the case :-)

    • Brandi Bush profile image

      Brandi 4 years ago from Maryland

      This was such an interesting news story...and this is a great page! Congrats on LOTD, it is very well deserved! :)

    • profile image

      ChefWilliam 4 years ago

      Still spending the crowns money after being dead 500 years, That's not easy to do. Very interesting lens and I look forward to the follow-up information to see where he ends up

    • pheonix76 profile image

      pheonix76 4 years ago from WNY

      I'm not a huge fan of absolute monarchies in general, so not sure that any king (or queen) was a good one; I don't really know enough about Richard III to form an opinion. Interesting lens!

    • Michey LM profile image

      Michey LM 4 years ago

      He was a controversial figure for sure, I am glad I learn a little more, but it is hard to jump to a conclusion, he was cynical sometimes, but they all are like this, so...

      you create a great lens.

    • iijuan12 profile image

      iijuan12 4 years ago from Florida

      Fascinating lens! Thank you for sharing!

    • profile image

      racingdatabase 4 years ago

      Great lens. I thought the car park story, which I saw all over the news recently too, was amazing!

    • profile image

      anonymous 4 years ago

      Fascinating story. Congratulations on getting LotD!

    • profile image

      anonymous 4 years ago

      I'm impressed by the brilliant folks who used modern science to prove beyond any doubt that the skeleton was Richard III' s. This is a terrific lens.

    • mojoCNYartist profile image

      Dan 4 years ago from CNY

      @Holly22: You just may be. I read somewhere online that a high percent age of people from the UK have royal blood. I found out while doing geneological research, and a relative from England had already finished a good chunk. I've been filling in some holes for fun.

    • tvyps profile image

      Teri Villars 4 years ago from Phoenix, Arizona

      Congrats...interesting that you pointed out several aspects found nowhere else. Back to the "bad" or "good," I think that the Popes had a shadier history than the Kings or Queens. I think I am related to some of the Stuarts, but I hope I don't act like they did! Blessed!

    • Holly22 profile image
      Author

      Christine and Peter Broster 4 years ago from Tywyn Wales UK

      @tonybonura: Richard III is very cool whichever way you look.

    • compugraphd profile image

      compugraphd 4 years ago

      B"H

      A few more things to add: 1) IMHO, Henry VI would have made a really good priest, but he was born to be king (and became king as a VERY young age). 2) To those people who think Richard killed his nephews, Richard had nothing to gain by killing them, but Henry did (though I doubt he did either -- I think, had he (or Richard) killed the nephews, Henry would have paraded their bodies around to show that Richard was indeed a monster who had killed his nephews. Henry certainly had more to gain by their deaths -- it would have solidified his claim to the throne, whereas Richard didn't need his claim solidified.

    • a-lyric profile image

      a-lyric 4 years ago

      Great lens! I don't know if he was good or bad. But finding him in such an unlikely spot has brought history back into the headlines.

    • nicenet profile image

      nicey 4 years ago

      His history is fascinating.Good job.

    • profile image

      MaggiePowell 4 years ago

      great information... will pass this along to my daughter

    • Just-a-Day-Dream profile image

      Just-a-Day-Dream 4 years ago

      Nice lens and congrats on LOT D

    • Just-a-Day-Dream profile image

      Just-a-Day-Dream 4 years ago

      Nice lens and congrats on LOT D

    • Holly22 profile image
      Author

      Christine and Peter Broster 4 years ago from Tywyn Wales UK

      @Wilfcat: You have described it much as I understand it to be. I certainly agree that Leicester has a strong case. However I also understand that a) 100,000 petitions can have the question raised in parliament (the total on Feb 21st stands at 23000) and b) a personal plea to the Queen can allow the royal prerogative to intervene. I would like these two issues resolved or refuted before I am willing to commit 100% to Leicester.

    • Holly22 profile image
      Author

      Christine and Peter Broster 4 years ago from Tywyn Wales UK

      @BestRatedStuff: Thanks very much

    • Mrcoolguy LM profile image

      Mrcoolguy LM 4 years ago

      Awesome lens Holly, i love a good history read!

    • tonybonura profile image

      Tony Bonura 4 years ago from Tickfaw, Louisiana

      Congratulation on getting chosen for LOTD. And thank you for the history lesson. You have made want to know more about Richard III.

      TonyB

    • Wilfcat profile image

      Wilf Catt 4 years ago from Leicester, England

      Hi,

      An excellent lens. The final resting place of the remains would already appear to have been determined as being in Leicester ahead of the excavations. The following has been reported in the local media:

      A Ministry of Justice spokesman said: "When applying for an archaeological exhumation licence, the applicant must state that the remains will be laid to rest at a suitable location.

      "The licence we issued states that the applicant (the University of Leicester) would, no later than August 31, 2014, deposit the remains at Jewry Wall Museum or have them re-interred at St Martin's Cathedral or in a burial ground in which interments may legally take place.

      "The precise location of reburial is now for the University of Leicester.

      "This means that no one except the licence holder, i.e. the University of Leicester, can decide where the remains end up."

      Richard Taylor, deputy registrar at the University of Leicester, said: "We have said all along that the remains will be reinterred at Leicester Cathedral and I can see no reason why that decision would change."

      City mayor Sir Peter Soulsby has previously said the bones of Richard III would leave the city over his dead body.

      Speaking yesterday, he said: "The decision has already been made.

      "All the permissions have been granted and the various authorities involved have agreed that the interment will take place in Leicester."

      The Church of England has welcomed the opportunity to house the remains and said keeping the bones within the parish of St Martin's was the next natural step.

      Leicester Cathedral Cannon Chancellor David Monteith said: "There's no question.

      "It seems rather apt to reinter the bones at Leicester Cathedral, considering that Grey Friars is in the ancient parish of St Martin's.

      "That just follows good ancient burial practices." The cathedral is in talks with a number of groups, including the Richard III Society, regarding a tomb.

    • MrAusAdventure profile image

      Bill 4 years ago from Gold Coast, Australia

      What a fascinating tale! Having been to England and to Royal castles, ruins and the like I find this sort of stuff really interesting. Congrats on LOTD.

    • TommysTips profile image

      TommysTips 4 years ago

      Congratulations on LOTD - so much information!

    • profile image

      anonymous 4 years ago

      Very enjoyable lens.

    • profile image

      soaringsis 4 years ago

      Congratulations on your well deserved LotD. Very interesting.

    • caneilson profile image

      caneilson 4 years ago

      Love history and hadn't heard all this. Thanks for sharing!!

    • profile image

      MarcellaCarlton 4 years ago

      I'm fascinated by this. Congrats on the LOTD and the purple star.

    • BestRatedStuff profile image

      BestRatedStuff 4 years ago

      A very enjoyable lens, read right through. Congrats on the LOTD.

    • WriterJanis2 profile image

      WriterJanis2 4 years ago

      This is all quite interesting.

    • winter aconite profile image

      winter aconite 4 years ago

      I watched the documentary on tv...........great lens!

    • Holly22 profile image
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      Christine and Peter Broster 4 years ago from Tywyn Wales UK

      @pauly99 lm: Delighted !

    • Holly22 profile image
      Author

      Christine and Peter Broster 4 years ago from Tywyn Wales UK

      @Dadebud: That is certainly a thought...but the pomp of the 'funeral' will be great I think.

    • Holly22 profile image
      Author

      Christine and Peter Broster 4 years ago from Tywyn Wales UK

      @PlethoraReader: glad you liked it

    • pauly99 lm profile image

      pauly99 lm 4 years ago

      Thank you for giving us a little part of history.

    • Dadebud profile image

      Dadebud 4 years ago

      Nice Lens! Well written, Interesting, so on and so forth, bla, bla ,bla. Have a great day. :)

      P.S. Sounds like the king was a douche bag because he was weak, made really bad choices for all the wrong reasons and found his demise at Leicester. He was so bad even the ground he was buried in at Leicester found a way to puke him back up. I say send the poor bastard home to his final resting place and be done with it. -Cheers!

    • PlethoraReader profile image

      Matthew 4 years ago from Silicon Valley

      Have seen quite a bit about this on the news, but great to get the background on Richard III. Thank you for sharing. Blessed!

    • Holly22 profile image
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      Christine and Peter Broster 4 years ago from Tywyn Wales UK

      @Nancy Hardin: Hello Nancy, I am glad the facebook high priestess likes my lens.

    • Holly22 profile image
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      Christine and Peter Broster 4 years ago from Tywyn Wales UK

      @Stuwaha: What a scream !!! Thanks for sharing

    • Nancy Hardin profile image

      Nancy Carol Brown Hardin 4 years ago from Las Vegas, NV

      I find it totally fascinating. I have enjoyed English history and England all my life, and this just adds more intrigue and interest to both for me.

    • Holly22 profile image
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      Christine and Peter Broster 4 years ago from Tywyn Wales UK

      @asiliveandbreathe: thank you

    • Holly22 profile image
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      Christine and Peter Broster 4 years ago from Tywyn Wales UK

      @Loretta L: if only he could....

    • asiliveandbreathe profile image

      asiliveandbreathe 4 years ago

      The story of his skeleton's discovery has been fascinating,

      especially the confirmation that he had curvature of the spine.

      I have linked this lens to my own: About Scoliosis

    • Stuwaha profile image

      Stuwaha 4 years ago

      Whenever I think of King Richard III I think of BBC's Horrible Histories :)

      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KS0dKek41mY

    • Holly22 profile image
      Author

      Christine and Peter Broster 4 years ago from Tywyn Wales UK

      @anonymous: Thank you

    • Loretta L profile image

      Loretta Livingstone 4 years ago from Chilterns, UK.

      You would probably enjoy reading the book by Sharon Penman about Richard 111. She vividly brings this period to life but not in the bodice ripping way that so many historical writers can't resist. Because of her book I am inclined to think Richard was a victim of propoganda, but I guess only he knows the truth, and he's not saying!

    • Holly22 profile image
      Author

      Christine and Peter Broster 4 years ago from Tywyn Wales UK

      @Hurlserv: Your comments made me smile. I can imagine Richard lying there saying ''yeah whatever''. As for not pleasing everyone, I can only take comfort in Abe Lincoln's famous quote.

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      Christine and Peter Broster 4 years ago from Tywyn Wales UK

      @KyraB: Thank you

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      Christine and Peter Broster 4 years ago from Tywyn Wales UK

      @MartieG: Thank you

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      Christine and Peter Broster 4 years ago from Tywyn Wales UK

      @anonymous: Pinterest ! Thank you very much

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      Christine and Peter Broster 4 years ago from Tywyn Wales UK

      @TheLittleCardShop: Thank you...yes in many ways this lens is incomplete, but if I had waited for the reburial a lot of the news would be old. It's a fine balance.

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      Christine and Peter Broster 4 years ago from Tywyn Wales UK

      @Heather426: I wish I were descended from one of them, any of them. Great story to tell there...maybe a squidoo lens ?

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      Christine and Peter Broster 4 years ago from Tywyn Wales UK

      @greenspirit: Some people put a lot of weight on the 'R' being over the body. As I am a big fan of Brian Cox so I try to remain strictly scientific and didn't mention it. Having said that, it does add an eerie dimension to the story.

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      Christine and Peter Broster 4 years ago from Tywyn Wales UK

      @karMALZEKE: Thanks

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      Christine and Peter Broster 4 years ago from Tywyn Wales UK

      @crbphotography: Join us merry fellows who have been drinking up this story.

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      Christine and Peter Broster 4 years ago from Tywyn Wales UK

      @susanholland10: Me too.!

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      Christine and Peter Broster 4 years ago from Tywyn Wales UK

      @Fridayonmymind LM: Glad you enjoyed it.

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      Christine and Peter Broster 4 years ago from Tywyn Wales UK

      @Stazjia: I agree with you that it is amazing. As for York versus Leicester, I have determined to remain bipartisan!

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      Christine and Peter Broster 4 years ago from Tywyn Wales UK

      @delia-delia: Trust me, I am glad too. It's nice and safely in the past.

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      Christine and Peter Broster 4 years ago from Tywyn Wales UK

      @Deborah Swain: Thank you so much, i can't pull my eyes away from the story.

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      Christine and Peter Broster 4 years ago from Tywyn Wales UK

      @flycatcherrr: Thank you very much. I have heard that there were a few knife scratches to the skull face from people taking a swipe as his body was paraded but I expect there is some supposition there.

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      anonymous 4 years ago

      Congratulations for the LOTD!

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      Christine and Peter Broster 4 years ago from Tywyn Wales UK

      @Faye Rutledge: Thankyou

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      Christine and Peter Broster 4 years ago from Tywyn Wales UK

      @UninvitedWriter1: Excellent, the story needs to be told

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      Hurlserv 4 years ago

      This is a fascinating lens. Although my ancestry, on both sides of my family, is British I'm a few generations removed from Britain by way of the Cayman Islands and the U.S. That we have science that can, with reasonable certainty, identify a 500 year old skeleton is, in itself, a modern miracle. Regardless of where he's eventually entombed it will not please all. The one person who will be least affected by all the hubbub surrounding the discovery and identification of his remains is, Ironically, King Richard III.

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      KyraB 4 years ago

      Very interesting and well written story, I really enjoyed reading it. Congratulations on the well-deserved LoTD and purple star! Blessed :)

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      MartieG aka 'survivoryea' 4 years ago from Jersey Shore

      Always been drawn to English history. Congratulations on a well deserved LotD and purple star. :>)

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      anonymous 4 years ago

      The lens is worthy of the double honor received: Purple Star and LOTD. Shared this via Pinterest.

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      Malu Couttolenc 4 years ago

      Richard III's story is very interesting, it is amazing that he had been buried there for so many years and none found him, not even when they built the carpark. I love history and I read the whole article twice, can't wait to see what will come out of all the investigations. Congrats for your LOTD very well deserved :)

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      Heather Burns 4 years ago from Wexford, Ireland

      well, I'm descended from the good or bad king Richard, and always have heard he was a terrible king, but then I'm also descended from the Tudors and maybe they just had way better PR. very fascinating story and lens.

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      poppy mercer 4 years ago from London

      When I watched the documentary, there was that intruiging fact about where they chose to first open the tarmac with a digger. It was exactly where the remains lay. It was also the spot chosen by the woman who's passion had driven the whole thing. And wasn't that spot marked in white paint on the tarmac by a large letter 'R' (for reserved parking), exactly there that the body was found.

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      karMALZEKE 4 years ago

      Awesome. Great LOTD!

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      crbphotography 4 years ago

      Congratulations on LOTD. And thank you for a wonderful summary of the history of Edward III and his sons. I missed the media coverage about finding King Richard's bones in the carpark. So, thanks for the update.

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      Susan Holland 4 years ago from Southwest Missouri

      A great lens. I love the War of the Roses and Tudor history.

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      Fridayonmymind LM 4 years ago

      I think it's amazing that he was just "there" all the time. A detailed and interesting lens, thank you.