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HOW THE DAYS OF THE WEEK WERE NAMED
In the very early history of man, there was a time when days of the week had not names. The names had not been invented, was ht simple reason.
The sole division of time was the month and the number of days being too many could not be named separately. Men wanted separate days to trade, a market day. Some-time the market day would come off at an interval of tenth day, every seventh or every fifth day. The Babylonians decided that it should be every seventh day. On this day they did not work but only met for trade and religious festivals. It was then, when men began to build cities.
The Jews followed, but kept every seventh day for religious purposes, giving rise to the existence of a week. This seven days period was a space between the market days. Every day of the week was named with name assigned to the seven days. It was really a number after the Sabbath day (Saturday). Wednesday was called the fourth day (four days after Saturday).
The Egyptians adopted the seven-days week, and named the days after five planets, the Sun and the Moon. The Romans used the Egyptian names for their days of the week: the day of the sun, of the moon, of the planet Mars, of Mercury, of Jupiter, of Venus, and of Saturn.
The names for the days, we get not from Romans, but from the Anglo Saxons, who named the days after their own gods, which were same gods as of Romans. The days of the moon was called Monandaeg, or Monday. The day of Mars became the day of Tius, who was their god of war. This became Tiwesdaeg, or Tuesday. Instead of Mercuty’s name that of the god Woden was given to Wednesday. The Roman day of Jupiter, the thunderer, became the day of the thunder god Thor, and this became Thursday. The next day was named for Frigg, the wife of their god Odin, ad so we have Friday. The day of Saturn became Saeternsdaeg, a translation from the Romans, and then Saturday.
A day, used to counted between sun rise and sun set. The Romans counted it as from mid night to mid night, and most modern nations use this method.