Learn Spanish At Home
Learn Spanish At Home And At Your Own Pace
Welcome to Learn Spanish At Home. Spanish will help you succeed & aid you when visiting a Spanish-speaking country or learning another Romance language, such as French or Italian. Today, 21 countries in Latin America, the Caribbean, Spain, and Equatorial Guinea use Spanish as their official language and in the United States it is rapidly gaining status as a foreign language course in high schools and as a potential second language. 500 million people today speak Spanish worldwide and it is an easy language to learn for native or fluent speakers of English or Romance languages. The cultures of Spanish-speaking countries are rich in literature, food, music, and the arts.This site Learn Spanish At Home is here to lead you to many sources for learning to speak Spanish. Although Wikiversity links for different section of their on-line course predominate, you will find other sources in our links section.
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Learning Spanish (linguistic characteristics)
Cognates, Borrowed Words, Pronunciation, & Other Rules
Cognates In Spanish, there are several cognates that are extremely similar to those in English. Using cognates will help you understand surrounding words in a text even if you don't know what they entirely mean. The following is a list of a few cognates in Spanish to English.
aire = air
editor/a = editor
mÃ©dico = medical
policÃa = police
dentista = dentist
similar = similar
piano = piano
Borrowed Words: Most, if not all languages have at least one borrowed word form another language. Borrowed words also act as cognates. A list of words in English borrowed from Spanish include: rodeo, patata, corral, rancho. The words mean rodeo, potato, corral, and ranch respectively. A list of words in Spanish borrowed from English include: pudin, jersey, telÃ©fono. The words in respective order mean pudding, jersey, and telephone.
Pronunciation: One of the easiest things about Spanish is its pronunciation: almost everything is pronounced as it is written. However, there are some exceptions. The following is a list of pronunciation rules in Spanish.
a is pronounced as in English as ah.
c is pronounced as in English as k; if the c is before e or i, is pronounced as in English as s in South America or as th in Spain.
h, by itself, is never pronounced.
e is pronounced like e in the English word hey.
i is pronounced like i in the English word police.
j is pronounced with a breathy huff of air from the throat (like a hard "h" sound).
ll is pronounced like y.
Ã± is pronounced like the ny in canyon, but in a nasal way. In compaÃ±Ãa, for example, the Ã± must have an independent nasal ny than Ã. It's like italian gn.
o is pronounced as in English like the o in dog.
r is pronounced by tapping the tip of the tongue against the gum ridge in the back of the upper teeth.
rr is pronounced as the same way as r but rolled-this may take some practice to get right.
s is pronounced as the s in lesson.
u is pronounced similar to the u in rule.
v is pronounced same as b.
x is pronounced ks, like in taxi /taksi
z is pronounced like english "th" in theater. It's the same sound as in c, but before a, o and u.
accent marks shown where the accent is. It's written when the word it's accented in the 3Âº syllable (esdrÃºjula: brÃºjula), and in the 1Âº syllable if it finishes in n, s or vocal (aguda:acciÃ³n, revÃ©s, estÃ¡, redIl). It's also written when it's accented in the 2Âº, when it doesn't finish in n, s or vocal (grave o llana: fÃ¡cil, jÃºcar, ayUda).
Other Rules: In Spanish, the adjective usually comes after the noun (unlike in English, where the adjective comes first). Most adjectives, like nouns, are classified by gender: masculine nouns and adjectives usually end in o and feminine nouns and adjectives usually end in a. Adjectives that have gender in this course will have the femine form in parenthesis.
In Spanish, an upside down question mark or exclamation mark is placed before a question or exclamation. Examples: Â¿QuÃ©? Â¡Hola!
Retrieved from "http://en.wikiversity.org/wiki/Spanish_1/linguisti..."
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Learning Spanish (The Basics)
If you're interested in learning basic Spanish,you can start right here. This site"Learn Spanish At Home" will give you some of the basic words, but we'll also give you links where you can go to study Spanish much as you would in college except you'll be able to learn at your own pace.
This is the Wikiversity link to get started: "The Basics!
Buenos dÃas. - Good morning.
Buenas noches. - Good evening.
Buenas tardes. - Good afternoon.
Hola. - Hello.
Â¿CÃ³mo te llamas? - What is your name?
Me llamo... - My name is...
Encantado(a). - Delighted.
Igualmente. - Likewise.
Mucho gusto. - Pleased to meet you.
SeÃ±or (Sr.) - sir, Mr.
SeÃ±ora (Sra.) - madam, Mrs.
SeÃ±orita (Srta.) - miss, Ms.
Â¿CÃ³mo estÃ¡s? - How are you? (familiar)
Â¿CÃ³mo estÃ¡ usted? - How are you? (formal)
Â¿QuÃ© pasa? - What's happening?
Â¿QuÃ© tal? - How are you?
Â¿Y tÃº? - And you? (familiar)
Â¿Y usted? - And you? (formal)
bien - well
nada - nothing
regular - regular, okay
gracias - thank you
AdiÃ³s. - Good-bye.
Hasta luego. - See you later.
Hasta maÃ±ana. - See you tomorrow.
If you want to continue learning Spanish here are the links (in order) to the complete wikiversity course.
Complete List Of Links To Wikiversity Course
Introduction, Countries, Linguistic characteristics
Including country focus on Mexico
Including country focus on the United States
Including country focus on Cuba
Including country focus on the Dominican Republic
Including country focus on Puerto Rico
Including country focus on El Salvador
Including country focus on Guatemala
Including country focus on Honduras
Including country focus on Nicaragua
Including country focus on Costa Rica
Including country focus on Panama
Including country focus on Colombia
Including country focus on Venezuela
Including country focus on Ecuador
Including country focus on Peru
Including country focus on Bolivia
Including country focus on Paraguay
Including country focus on Chile
Including country focus on Argentina, Uruguay, Spain, and Equatorial Guinea
Spanish 2 - New!
Spanish Language Guides And More
Welcome to Spanish 2! You've already begun to understand, speak, read and write in Spanish. You've also learned about Spanish-speaking countries and their cultures. In Spanish 2 you'll be using and building what you learned in your first year of Spanish.
Including cultural insight on Mexico City
Including cultural insight on comparison of school in the United States and Hispanophone countries
Including cultural insight on ponchos
Including cultural insight on parties
Including cultural insight on open-air markets
Including cultural insight on neighborhoods
Including cultural insight on childhood songs
New Link List
- Spanish Alphabet
The Spanish alphabet consists of 29 letters. We give you the most updated version as dictated by the Royal Spanish Academy. Listen then repeat.
- Help with Spanish Vocabulary (lists etc.)
This page was made by Sarah and John of Lingolex. We are translators, web page makers and English teachers who live in Andalucia Spain.
- Learn Spanish Online
Free Online Spanish Courses 123TeachMe has online Spanish learning materials for grammar, vocabulary, verb conjugations, and more.
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About This Site
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Much of the information used here has been researched from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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