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Learn Spanish At Home

Updated on February 7, 2013

Learn Spanish At Home And At Your Own Pace

Welcome to Learn Spanish At Home. Spanish will help you succeed & aid you when visiting a Spanish-speaking country or learning another Romance language, such as French or Italian. Today, 21 countries in Latin America, the Caribbean, Spain, and Equatorial Guinea use Spanish as their official language and in the United States it is rapidly gaining status as a foreign language course in high schools and as a potential second language. 500 million people today speak Spanish worldwide and it is an easy language to learn for native or fluent speakers of English or Romance languages. The cultures of Spanish-speaking countries are rich in literature, food, music, and the arts.

This site Learn Spanish At Home is here to lead you to many sources for learning to speak Spanish. Although Wikiversity links for different section of their on-line course predominate, you will find other sources in our links section.

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Learning Spanish (linguistic characteristics)

Cognates, Borrowed Words, Pronunciation, & Other Rules

Cognates In Spanish, there are several cognates that are extremely similar to those in English. Using cognates will help you understand surrounding words in a text even if you don't know what they entirely mean. The following is a list of a few cognates in Spanish to English.

aire = air

editor/a = editor

médico = medical

policía = police

dentista = dentist

similar = similar

piano = piano

Borrowed Words: Most, if not all languages have at least one borrowed word form another language. Borrowed words also act as cognates. A list of words in English borrowed from Spanish include: rodeo, patata, corral, rancho. The words mean rodeo, potato, corral, and ranch respectively. A list of words in Spanish borrowed from English include: pudin, jersey, teléfono. The words in respective order mean pudding, jersey, and telephone.

Pronunciation: One of the easiest things about Spanish is its pronunciation: almost everything is pronounced as it is written. However, there are some exceptions. The following is a list of pronunciation rules in Spanish.

a is pronounced as in English as ah.

c is pronounced as in English as k; if the c is before e or i, is pronounced as in English as s in South America or as th in Spain.

h, by itself, is never pronounced.

e is pronounced like e in the English word hey.

i is pronounced like i in the English word police.

j is pronounced with a breathy huff of air from the throat (like a hard "h" sound).

ll is pronounced like y.

ñ is pronounced like the ny in canyon, but in a nasal way. In compañía, for example, the ñ must have an independent nasal ny than í. It's like italian gn.

o is pronounced as in English like the o in dog.

r is pronounced by tapping the tip of the tongue against the gum ridge in the back of the upper teeth.

rr is pronounced as the same way as r but rolled-this may take some practice to get right.

s is pronounced as the s in lesson.

u is pronounced similar to the u in rule.

v is pronounced same as b.

x is pronounced ks, like in taxi /taksi

z is pronounced like english "th" in theater. It's the same sound as in c, but before a, o and u.

accent marks shown where the accent is. It's written when the word it's accented in the 3º syllable (esdrújula: brújula), and in the 1º syllable if it finishes in n, s or vocal (aguda:acción, revés, está, redIl). It's also written when it's accented in the 2º, when it doesn't finish in n, s or vocal (grave o llana: fácil, júcar, ayUda).

Other Rules: In Spanish, the adjective usually comes after the noun (unlike in English, where the adjective comes first). Most adjectives, like nouns, are classified by gender: masculine nouns and adjectives usually end in o and feminine nouns and adjectives usually end in a. Adjectives that have gender in this course will have the femine form in parenthesis.

In Spanish, an upside down question mark or exclamation mark is placed before a question or exclamation. Examples: ¿Qué? ¡Hola!

Retrieved from "http://en.wikiversity.org/wiki/Spanish_1/linguisti..."

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Learning Spanish (The Basics)

If you're interested in learning basic Spanish,you can start right here. This site"Learn Spanish At Home" will give you some of the basic words, but we'll also give you links where you can go to study Spanish much as you would in college except you'll be able to learn at your own pace.

This is the Wikiversity link to get started: "The Basics!

Buenos días. - Good morning.

Buenas noches. - Good evening.

Buenas tardes. - Good afternoon.

Hola. - Hello.

¿Cómo te llamas? - What is your name?

Me llamo... - My name is...

Encantado(a). - Delighted.

Igualmente. - Likewise.

Mucho gusto. - Pleased to meet you.

Señor (Sr.) - sir, Mr.

Señora (Sra.) - madam, Mrs.

Señorita (Srta.) - miss, Ms.

¿Cómo estás? - How are you? (familiar)

¿Cómo está usted? - How are you? (formal)

¿Qué pasa? - What's happening?

¿Qué tal? - How are you?

¿Y tú? - And you? (familiar)

¿Y usted? - And you? (formal)

bien - well

nada - nothing

regular - regular, okay

gracias - thank you

Adiós. - Good-bye.

Hasta luego. - See you later.

Hasta mañana. - See you tomorrow.

Spanish 1

If you want to continue learning Spanish here are the links (in order) to the complete wikiversity course.

Complete List Of Links To Wikiversity Course

Introduction, Countries, Linguistic characteristics

Chapter 1 (The Basics)

Including country focus on Mexico

Chapter 2 (Activities)

Including country focus on the United States

Chapter 3 (Adjectives)

Including country focus on Cuba

Chapter 4 (School)

Including country focus on the Dominican Republic

Chapter 5 (The Classroom)

Including country focus on Puerto Rico

Chapter 6 (Food & Drink)

Including country focus on El Salvador

Chapter 7 (Health)

Including country focus on Guatemala

Chapter 8 (Destinations)

Including country focus on Honduras

Chapter 9 (Recreation & Lifestyle)

Including country focus on Nicaragua

Chapter 10 (Family & Celebrations)

Including country focus on Costa Rica

Chapter 11 (Adjectives & In a restaurant)

Including country focus on Panama

Chapter 12 (The Bedroom)

Including country focus on Colombia

Chapter 13 (The Household)

Including country focus on Venezuela

Chapter 14 (Shopping)

Including country focus on Ecuador

Chapter 15 (At the Mall)

Including country focus on Peru

Chapter 16 (Vacation)

Including country focus on Bolivia

Chapter 17 (Community)

Including country focus on Paraguay

Chapter 18 (Television)

Including country focus on Chile

Chapter 19 (Computers)

Including country focus on Argentina, Uruguay, Spain, and Equatorial Guinea

Spanish 2 - New!

Spanish Language Guides And More

Spanish 2

Welcome to Spanish 2! You've already begun to understand, speak, read and write in Spanish. You've also learned about Spanish-speaking countries and their cultures. In Spanish 2 you'll be using and building what you learned in your first year of Spanish.

Review

Chapter 1 (Classroom Events)

Including cultural insight on Mexico City

Chapter 2 (Free Time)

Including cultural insight on comparison of school in the United States and Hispanophone countries

Chapter 3 (Daily Activities)

Including cultural insight on ponchos

Chapter 4 (Fashion)

Including cultural insight on parties

Chapter 5 (Errands)

Including cultural insight on open-air markets

Chapter 6 (On the Road)

Including cultural insight on neighborhoods

Chapter 7 (Childhood)

Including cultural insight on childhood songs

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About This Site

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Thanks for stopping by! Be sure to check out my other lenses when you have time.

Much of the information used here has been researched from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License.

Tell us how hard learning Spanish is for you or just let us know what you think of this site. Please rate us by clicking on the "like" button below or at the top of this page.

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    • profile image

      doityourselfspanish 

      6 years ago

      This is a great lens, because I strongly believe that learning spanish at home is one of the best ways to learn Spanish. It gives you so much freedom. Thanks, keep up the good work!

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      Web-Designer 

      7 years ago

      Great resource! If you're interested in teaching Spanish to preschool-age kids, I recommend http://www.spanishforpreschoolers.com/.

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