Da Vinci Inventions
The History of the Leonardo Da Vinci Notebooks
I used to own a copy of Leonardo's Notebooks a long time ago, but I foollshly gave it away when I moved to Canada. I have since bought another copy and simply marvel at his ingenuity.
While I admire Da Vinci's paintings, they don't fill me with awe as the Leonardo Da Vinci inventions. I have always been fascinated with science and the history of science - and therefore I am actually far more interested in what Leonardo wrote and drew in his notebooks than what he painted.
This lens is my attempt to bring together (in one place) as much information as possible about Leonardo's scientific inventions and his notebooks.
Image courtesy of Allposters.com.
Leonardo Da Vinci Biography
Just a brief Biography.
Born in Italy - April 1452
Died in France - May 1519
Leonardo worked mostly for the Northern Italian Nobility - the Sforza family, the Medici family and the Borgia family. He spent 3 years staying at the Belvedere in the Vatican (1513 - 1516) where he was studying some of his inventions rather than painting. Towards the end of his life, he was working for King Francois I of France.
It is also well know that Leonardo wrote backwards (in reverse) in all his notebooks. Most likely this was done to prevent others from stealing his ideas and inventions.
Leonardo painted such famous paintings and frescos as -
The Mona Lisa (La Gioconda)
Madonna of the Rocks
Lady with an Ermine (Cecilia Gallerani)
The Last Supper
Adoration of the Magi
Virgin and Child with St Anne
Portrait of Ginevra de Benci
Image source - Mona Lisa - Wikipedia
In May 2019, (6 years from now - 2013) it will be 500 years since Leonardo died. I hope there is a celebration of Leonardo's life and works.
Biographies about Leonardo Da Vinci
Leonardo - Scientist versus Painter
Which side of Leonardo's personality do you admire the most?
Da Vinci Codex Leicester
Thomas Coke, the Earl of Leicester, purchased this codex in 1717. It was named Codex Leicester after him. In 1980, Armand Hammer (the President of Occidental Petroleum) obtained the Codex Leicester for $5.6 million. He renamed the Codex as Codex Hammer.
This notebook was later purchased by Bill Gates (Founder of Microsoft Inc) in 1994 for $30.8 million. Gates renamed the Codex back to the Codex Leicester (the original name).
Some pages of this codex can be seen on the TURNING THE PAGE interactive section of the British Library - along with some pages of the Codex Arundel. See the British Library link in the Resources section.
This is the only original notebook in private hands and the only one in the USA. It was written between 1506 and 1510. It contains 72 pages of notes and observations by Leonardo (in his reverse handwriting) on a wide range of topics including -
Rivers and seas
Properties of water
Rocks and fossils
There are also over 300 pen-and-ink sketches, drawings, and diagrams,
Image source - one page from the Codex Leicester
Da Vinci Codex Arundel
The 283 pages of this codex were acquired by the Earl of Arundel in the 1630s while he was in Spain. These pages were written by Leonardo between 1478 and 1518 and they have notes and comments on Architecture, Geometry and Mechanics. This codex was given to the Royal Society in 1667 and later purchased by the British Library in 1831.
Pages from this codex can be seen in the TURNING THE PAGE interactive section of the British Library website - see resources.
Books About Leonardo Da Vinci, the Scientist
Da Vinci Codex Trivulzianus
This codex used to have 62 sheets, now only 55 remain. They are mostly just lists of Latin vocabulary words that Leonardo wrote while trying to educate himself. This codex is kept in the Sforza Castle in Milan, Italy and is not usually available for the public to look at.
Image source - Wikipedia
Da Vinci Codex "On the Flight of Birds"
This is a short collection of notebook pages - just 18 sheets dated to 1505 - and they all are detailed notes on the flight of birds. Leonardo also attempted to understand the mechanics of flight. He built several flying machines but was unsuccessful in getting any of them to fly. This codex is held at the Biblioteca Reale in Turin, Italy
Image source - German Wikispaces
Leonardo Da Vinci on TV
If you ever get the chance to watch the TV episode "Concerning Flight" from the TV series Star Trek Voyager, I would suggest you do so. Although this series is set in the future, Leonardo is in the holodeck, making his inventions and he invents a flying machine. It is wonderful to watch the Captain interact with him.
Image source - Star Trek database
Da Vinci Codex Ashburnham
A few pages of Leonardo's Notebooks, dated to between 1489 and 1492. This codex was found in Ashburnham House in Surrey, England and is now held at the Institute of France in Paris. Mostly just architecture notes and comments.
Image source - German Wikipedia
Ever After - Leonardo da Vinci
One of my all time favourite love stories is the movie Ever After starring Drew Barrymore. She plays Danielle in this medieval French version of the story of Cinderella. This movie also has Leonardo da Vinci in it (he was in France at the time he died in 1519) and in this part, he does his walking on water experiment. All this takes place in the first half of part 5.
Da Vinci Codex Atlanticus
The Codex Atlanticus consists of over 1100 pages of Leonardo's writings and drawings spread over 12 volumes and written between 1478 and 1519. This codex contains some of Leonardos most famous drawings and because it is the largest collection of pages from Leonardos notebooks, it is considered to be the most important..
One of the most famous drawings in this codex is that of the heliocopter - or helicopter as we call it today.
This codex is currently held at the Biblioteca Ambrosiana in Milan, Italy. Right now (2011) the pages of this codex are on display to the general public and will be displayed until the year 2015 - see video below.
Image source - Wikipedia
DaVinci Codex Atlanticus
DaVinci Codex Forster
The smallest of all the notebooks, these are 3 sheets, held at the Victoria and Albert Museum in London. They were written in between 1490 and 1493 and contain notes and diagrams on geometry, weights, mechanics and hydraulic machines.
Image source - German Wikipedia
The Madrid Codices by Leonardo Da Vinci
In 1966, 2 notebooks were discovered in the National Library of Madrid. These notebooks were bound in red moroccan leather and together they hold 197 pages on geometry and mechanics.
Image source - Leonardo Da Vinci, Treatises on Mechanics and Geometry from Codices Madrid I and II - This webpage is in SPANISH.
Royal Windsor Folios by Leonardo DaVinci
The Windsor Folios, which include many of Leonardo's drawings of horses, are held in the Royal Library in Windsor Castle.At some point Leonardo planned to create a sculpture of a horse but only got as far as making a clay model.
In August 2012 a wax cast of the Horse and Rider, said to have been cast by Leonardo da Vinci, is beng unveiled in Los Angeles.
Image source - Leonardo's Study of a Horse - Wikipedia