Martha Rogers: Nursing Theorist
Dr Martha Elizabeth Rogers was a visionary thinker. She was a nurse, a researcher, a theorist, a teacher, and a writer.
In 1970, she published "The Science of Unitary Man" which revolutionized nursing. Her nursing theories, as put forth, were a new way of thinking about human beings, and about how human beings interact with each other and the environment around them.
These same theories are being explored today through the science of physics. I have discussed Martha Rogers' "Science of Unitary Man" more thoroughly elsewhere.
This is Martha Rogers' story.
Martha Rogers: Education
Dr Roger's Early Years
Martha Elizabeth Rogers was born on May 12th, 1914 in Dallas, Texas, the oldest of four children. Her family greatly valued education and she was encouraged in this.
The family moved to Knoxville, Tennessee at some point in her early years. There, in 1931, she began undergraduate studies in pre-med science at the University of Tennessee with a goal towards entering medical school. She was discouraged from this, however, due to her gender and entered nursing school at Knoxville General Hospital instead, receiving her nursing diploma in 1936. She completed a BSN in Public Health Nursing from George Peabody College (Nashville) in l937.
She received a MA from Teacher's College Columbia University in 1945.
This did not keep her from her desire to learn though and she eventually entered Johns Hopkins University. She obtained her Masters in Public Health in 1951. In 1954, she completed her Sc.D. at Johns Hopkins University. While at Johns Hopkins she taught for a year at Catholic University.
Martha Rogers was one of the first nurses in the USA to obtain a Master's Degree and then a Doctorate.
I took the science-med course. It was more substantial ...
and included more science and maths.
~ Martha Rogers
Martha Rogers' Work
Martha Rogers Public Health Nurse and Educator
When Martha Rogers obtained her BSN she entered public health nursing and worked in rural Michigan for 2 years.
After receiving a MA she first worked in Hartford, Connecticut where she advanced from staff nurse to acting Director of Education. From there she went to Phoenix, Arizona where she established the Visiting Nurse's Program and served as director until she returned east to continue her education at Johns Hopkins University.
She received her ScD from Johns Hopkins in 1954 and was appointed Head of the Division of Nursing Education at New York University. She remained there for another 21 years, retiring in 1975. Her strong background in science helped to develop the nursing program at NYU as a distinct body of scientific knowledge.
In 1979 Dr Rogers was made Professor Emeritis at NYU.
Retirement did not slow Martha Rogers down at all and she continued to lecture around the world on the Science of Unitary Human Beings as well as helping to develop and expand the nursing program at NYU.
Books on Martha Rogers and The Science of Unitary Man from Amazon - Some are still in print
Many of the books written by and about Dr Rogers are no longer available or are difficult to locate. These are a few that I have found.
"I thought nursing was a knowledgeable endeavor, and that nurses should be baccalaureate prepared and more. We exercised freedom and autonomy. We were responsible for our own acts. We were never accountable to other disciplines; that accountability would have jeopardized our autonomous position"
- Martha Rogers
Publications by Dr Rogers
Martha Rogers wrote extensively on nursing sciences.
She also edited a nursing science journal in the early 1960s and was on the editorial board for Visions: The Journal of Rogerian Nursing Science from its inception in 1993 until her death in 1994.
- Rogers, M.E. (1961). Educational revolution in nursing. New York: Macmillan.
- Rogers, M.E. (1963). Some comments on the theoretical basis of nursing practice. Nursing Science, 1(1), 11-13, 60-61.
- Rogers, M.E. (1964). Reveille in nursing. Philadelphia: F.A. Davis.
- Rogers, M.E. (1970). An introduction to the theoretical basis of nursing. Philadelphia: F.A. Davis.
- Rogers, M.E. (1980a). Nursing: A science of unitary man. In J.P. Riehl & C. Roy (Eds.), Conceptual models for nursing practice (2nd ed., pp. 329-337). New York: Appleton‑Century‑Crofts.
- Rogers, M.E. (1980b). Science of unitary man. Tape I. Unitary man and his world: A paradigm for nursing. New York: Media for Nursing. [Audiotape.]
- Rogers, M.E. (1980c). Science of unitary man. Tape II. Developing an organized abstract system: Synthesis of facts and ideas for a new product. New York: Media for Nursing. [Audiotape.]
- Rogers, M.E. (1980d). Science of unitary man. Tape III. Principles and theories: Directions for description, explanation and prediction. New York: Media for Nursing. [Audiotape.]
Martha Rogers Speaks - Listen in as Dr Rogers talks about The Theory of Universal Human Beings
I had the opportunity to meet and speak with Dr Rogers before her death. She was a remarkable woman.
Martha Rogers and the stars above
Dr Rogers' work continues even after her death
Martha E. Rogers died March 13, 1994. She remained active in several nursing organizations, lectured, and was on the editorial board of Visions: The Journal of Rogerian Nursing Science until then.
In Ursa Major, there is a star (RA 9h 33m 56s D 48Â° 9') named after Martha E. Rogers. This star is an enduring symbol of the luminous glow of her life and contribution to nursing serving as a beacon illuminating all that nursing is and aspires to be.
- AAHN Gravesites of Prominent Nurses - Rogers
Martha E. Rogers 1914 - 1994 Gravesite of Martha Rogers in Knoxville, TN
- Welcome to the Society of Rogerian Scholars
The idea for the Society of Rogerian Scholars was born in the living room of Martha Rogers' New York City apartment in November, 1986. We were fortunate in having the opportunity to meet with Dr Rogers twice a month for ongoing inquiry into the Scien
- Information and resources for nurses
Information on Martha E. Rogers
- Visions: The Journal of Rogerian Nursing Science
This page has been created in order to celebrate and promote the practice and science of Unitary Health Care by making the archives of Visions: The Journal of Nursing Science available to a wider audience.
- Rogerian Nursing Science Wiki
This site is designed to allow participants to collaboratively explicate the Science of Unitary Human Beings (SUHB). Rogers never wrote a Second Edition of her landmark book An Introduction to the Theoretical Basis of Nursing. Currently all major tex
- New York University - College Of Nursing
The Martha E. Rogers Center was established in 1995 at New York University to honor Martha E. Rogers and to provide a structure through which her work could be continued.