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Meaning and definition of Statistics

Updated on November 11, 2013

Statistics

Statistics is an old discipline, as old as the human activity.  Its utility has been increasing as the ages goes by.  In the olden days it was used in the administrative departments of the states and the scope was limited.  Earlier it was used by governments to keep record of birth, death, population etc., for administrative purpose.  John Graunt was the first man to make a systematic study of birth and death statistics and the calculation of expectation of life at different age in the 17th century which led to the idea of Life Insurance.   

The word 'Statistics' seems to have been derived from the Latin word 'status' or Italian word 'statista' or the German word 'Statistik' each of which means a political state.  Fields like agriculture, economics, sociology, business management etc., are now using Statistical Methods for different purposes.

Meaning and Definition of Statistics


Please note the statements below:

"Microsoft reported 80% growth in the revenue during the 3rd quarter",

"Population growth in the country is 2%"

Above statements are statistical conclusions. These statements are very convenient for the reader or listener to understand the net effect. These statements also help to make policies in the respective areas. To prepare these numerical statements, we need to be familiar with those methods and techniques which are used in data collection presentation, organization and analysis and interpretations. The study of these techniques and method is the science of Statistics.

Definition of Statistics.

Statistics has been defined differently by different writers. According to Webster "Statistics are the classified facts representing the conditions of the people in a state. Specially those facts which can be stated in numbers or any tabular or classified arrangement."

According to Bowley statistics are "Numerical statements of facts in any department of enquiry placed in relation to each other."

According to Yule and Kendall, statistics means quantitative data affected to a marked extent by multiplicity of causes.

More broad definition of statistics was given by Horace Secrist. According to him, statistics means aggregate of facts affected to marked extent by multiplicity of causes, numerically expressed, enumerated or estimated according to a reasonable standard of accuracy, collected in a systematic manner for a predetermined purpose and placed in relation to each other.

This definition points out some essential characteristics that numerical facts must possess so that they may be called statistics. These characteristics are:

  1. They are enumerated or estimated according to a reasonable standard of accuracy
  2. They are affected by multiplicity of factors
  3. They must be numerically expressed
  4. They must be aggregate of facts


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    • catalyst20 profile image

      catalyst20 7 years ago from Los Angeles, California

      Well said and researched. Thanks.

    • pinkhawk profile image

      pinkhawk 7 years ago from Pearl of the Orient

      ..thank you very much for the idea, need to refresh my mind!^.^....

    • Iamsam profile image
      Author

      Iamsam 7 years ago

      Thanks Catalyst 20 and Pinkhawk

      thanks for your visit and comment

    • profile image

      prashanta 6 years ago

      it was useful to me

    • profile image

      d.jack 6 years ago

      it was also usful to me..

    • profile image

      d.jack 6 years ago

      and thanks for research & update... :)

    • profile image

      Pawan Pareek 6 years ago

      much understable.

      Thanks.

    • profile image

      isan 6 years ago

      thanks

    • profile image

      arshad 5 years ago

      thanks

    • profile image

      jyotsna 5 years ago

      thanks for help.

    • profile image

      precious wike 5 years ago

      pls i want some 1 to solve this question for me:grades in a very large class of stat 100 students have average 72% and standard deviation 13%.if 40 students were selected at random,what is the probability that their average grade exceeds 70%? pls inbox me on preciosb2k2000@yahoo.com.thanks

    • profile image

      sandeep 5 years ago

      thanks 4 help

    • profile image

      Pst Olumide Aro 5 years ago

      Great contributions! What a comprehensive definitions. Thks. vision4ever4u@yahoo.com

    • profile image

      Tomin 5 years ago

      thank you very much. it really helped me to know about statistics.

    • profile image

      Baqir Naqvi 5 years ago

      thaks a lot....this data is really so helpful for students...!

    • profile image

      seemab 5 years ago

      mere kaam ki ha

    • profile image

      progaa 5 years ago

      really it is so useful data

    • profile image

      Mohsin Ali 5 years ago

      really very very good job

    • profile image

      sweety 5 years ago

      it was v.nyc & useful 4 me.. gud search :)gud job....

    • profile image

      Noor 5 years ago

      thanks try for the best.

    • profile image

      divya 5 years ago

      thanks this helped me a lot to sucessfully finish my project

    • profile image

      olufemi 5 years ago

      can someone pls help me out meaning and importace of statistics. am really confused.info me at kayobola2000@yahoo.com

    • profile image

      PRECIOUS BOY 5 years ago

      GREAT DEFINITIONS. I LOVE STATISTICS.

    • profile image

      AMARA 5 years ago

      NICE

    • profile image

      SADHANA SAWANT 5 years ago

      THANK YOU. BECAUSE ITS VERY USEFUL TO ME. IT IS A VERY GOOD SUBJECT FOR STUDY.VERY VERY NICE.

    • profile image

      falguni 5 years ago

      nice data

    • profile image

      safi butt 5 years ago

      it is very useful to me

    • profile image

      Shalini 5 years ago

      Thanks much...you have helped me a lot...nice ....One can understand clearly about Statistics by reading this page...

    • profile image

      nidhi 5 years ago

      it helped me a lot....thanks

    • profile image

      Nazir Ahmad 5 years ago

      Thank for definations (Nazeer_noory@yahoo.com)

    • profile image

      alhasni 5 years ago

      thanks

    • profile image

      M Shahid 5 years ago

      good research,tx.

    • profile image

      Kum vitoria 5 years ago

      Thanks this page has helped me do my assignment.but i still want to knw names of books wit definition of statistics.

    • profile image

      laiba 5 years ago

      boring

    • profile image

      revs 5 years ago

      nice.

    • profile image

      succexman 5 years ago

      thx 4 d defination

    • profile image

      sikiwat 5 years ago

      i love statistics.

    • profile image

      indah prakasa 5 years ago

      ITS FUN SO FUN

    • profile image

      fasahat tiyagi 5 years ago

      thanx

    • profile image

      ahmad khan 5 years ago

      thanks for the precise and well organized definitions and sense of statistics.. i appreciate it.

    • profile image

      Adolphus Chauncey 5 years ago

      Thanks, this page realy helps me with my assignment.

    • profile image

      nigus 5 years ago

      it was helpful

    • profile image

      mission 5 years ago

      very useful information.Thanx to the author.

    • profile image

      Aanu 5 years ago

      Well define

    • profile image

      G.Senthilkumar 4 years ago

      it is very useful to statistics students.please continue........and i appreciate this. (G.A.C.,SALEM-7,TAMILNADU)

    • profile image

      ilham 4 years ago

      good

    • profile image

      qaisar 4 years ago

      what is statistics

    • profile image

      @r$h 4 years ago

      Thanx

    • profile image

      Dj 4 years ago

      Realy gud n simple to understand..

    • profile image

      Akshit Badiani 4 years ago

      Well, the info provided is NOT AT ALL enough for to put down in the project, but yes its headed towards the point and hits the target!! :)

    • profile image

      Saloonii 4 years ago

      Thank you! This one was very helpful for me..... ^_^

    • profile image

      bukola ayodabo 4 years ago

      thanks for every, thanks for the definition

    • profile image

      Krishn 4 years ago

      Really true 100%

    • profile image

      Mannir Dauda Usman. 4 years ago

      Nice Contribution.

    • profile image

      sumayya hussain 4 years ago

      thank u this site help me do an assignment about business statistics

    • profile image

      rakshith poojary 4 years ago

      thank you very much

    • profile image

      charlet 4 years ago

      yery nice data collection...usefull to me

    • profile image

      madDy Khan 4 years ago

      thanx ..... helps a lot

    • profile image

      usha 4 years ago

      it was soo helpful to revise me

    • profile image

      TAMILSELVAN 4 years ago

      VERY NICE FULL DATA COLLECTION

    • profile image

      cindrella mark 4 years ago

      thanks for help

    • profile image

      satish 3 years ago

      Data Helpful for me

    • profile image

      princess zahra 3 years ago

      great and easy wording

    • profile image

      sasi 3 years ago

      very fabulous

    • profile image

      janani 3 years ago

      awesome job...helps a lot thank you

    • profile image

      Parag kushwah 23 months ago

      ग्रेट

    • profile image

      aung myint kyaw 22 months ago

      Thank you very much for this activity.Please write the author for this definitions.

    • profile image

      Fhellindha Frans 7 months ago

      Thankyou so much!

    • profile image

      Akash Awale 4 weeks ago

      Thanks

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