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Mission San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo

Updated on November 7, 2009

Father of the Alta California Missions

On June 3, 1770, after a year of journey and hardship, the soldiers of De Portola and the missionaries led by Fr. Serra, gathered by the Monterey Bay to witness a formal ceremony of the erection of the Holy cross that would mark the establishment of the second mission which was to be called Mission San Carlos Borromeo. The Mission was located near the Monterey Presidio beside the Bay of Monterey. (Text and image from the mission's official site.)

Mission San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo

More information on Mission San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo

The Mission, first established on June 3, 1770 in nearby Monterey (near the native village of Tamo), was named for Charles Borromeo, Archbishop of Milan, Italy. It was the site of the first Christian confirmation in Alta California. In May 1771, the Viceroy approved Father Junípero Serra's petition to relocate the Mission to its current location near the present-day town of Carmel-by-the-Sea. Serra's goal was to put some distance between the Mission's neophytes and the Presidio of Monterey (the headquarters of Pedro Fages, who served as military governor of Alta California between 1770 and 1774, with whom Serra was engaged in a heated power struggle). The original site continued to operate as the "Royal Presidio Chapel" and later became the Cathedral of San Carlos Borromeo. "Mission Carmel" (as it came to be known) was Father Serra's favorite, and being close to Monterey (the capital of Alta California) served as his headquarters. When he died on August 28, 1784, he was interred beneath the chapel floor.

Read the rest of the article on Wikipedia.

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If you can't visit the mission yourself, take a look at Robert English's mission photoset. He has also graciously allowed thumbnails of his photos to be posted here.

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      anonymous 6 years ago

      what were some peaple who help built the mission ???????

    • profile image

      anonymous 6 years ago

      why was this area so important to come to?

    • profile image

      anonymous 6 years ago

      @anonymous: around 1770

    • profile image

      anonymous 6 years ago

      @anonymous: The Indians that occupied this area belonged to the linguistic group, the Costanoan

    • profile image

      anonymous 7 years ago

      @anonymous: 1770

    • profile image

      anonymous 7 years ago

      what indians lived there?????

    • profile image

      anonymous 8 years ago

      Common jobs and wages workers performed and were paid.

    • profile image

      anonymous 8 years ago

      @anonymous: 1770

    • profile image

      anonymous 9 years ago

      a long time ago

    • profile image

      anonymous 9 years ago

      when was it founded?

    • mosaic lm profile image
      Author

      mosaic lm 9 years ago

      [in reply to Jeff A.] You can find a floor plan on the official homepage here.

    • profile image

      anonymous 9 years ago

      Floor Diagram of the Mission

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