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Parental Involvement Increases Academic Achievement

Updated on November 3, 2014

Benefits of Parental Involvement Video

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Involving parents in the learning process is important to student achievement. Children greatly benefit, when parents are involved in helping children increase academic skills. Parents want to help their child to achieve and can be the most effective educators for providing help. Hence, teachers should involve parents in the learning process by providing educational resources, which will help empower parents to become stronger literacy advocates. According to the Department of Education, school districts can provide “leadership, technical assistance, and support in the implementation of successful and effective parent involvement polices, programs, and activities intended to improve student academic achievement.” (U.S Department of Education, 2007, p. 19)

“To be literate also means reading, writing, speaking, and listening within the context of one’ cultural and social setting.” (Morrison, 2004, p. 321) Parents can be the foremost advocate for a child because they can better understand their immediate needs and circumstances. Children have unlimited access to parents and opportunities to learn. Parents can help students develop a love of reading through modeling or reading to their child. Parents have opportunities to encourage reading on the road, eating at restaurants, and vacation time. Parents can help learners understand the importance of literacy skills primarily by taking advantage of teaching moments.

“Most children begin processes involved in reading and writing long before they come to school.” (Morrison, 2004, p. 325). Parents can implement several strategies to stimulate a love of reading. One effective strategy is that parents can create a home library, which provides a variety of literature. A home library provides easy access to students when attending a neighborhood library is challenging. Parents should include literature that interests boys and girls. The writer was introduced to the Nancy Drew and Hardy Boys reading series at school. Therefore, a love of reading was developed at a young age for stories about mysteries.

Another strategy for stimulating a love of reading is incentives. Actually, the home library can promote a variety of incentives. Students can be challenged by setting reading goals. The writer challenged students to read 10 books within a school year. The Pizza Hut Read It! program gave students a free pizza and tickets to Great America. Parents can extend the literacy programs at home as incentives. Parents can retrieve home materials by visiting a Pizza Hut location. Additionally, the writer purchased certificates from popular neighborhood restaurants for students that met reading goals. In the writer’s opinion, a home library and incentives promoted reading skills and encouraged learners to read a variety of genres.

The last benefit of parental involvement in increasing a child’s literacy skills is students can develop higher order thinking skills. Parental influence can affect a child’s reasoning ability on morals, social issues, and educational content. Depending on the gender of the parent and level of influence, children can adopt certain attitudes regarding race, gender, and cultures. Therefore, parental influence can be positive by asking questions, which helps a learner develop critical thinking skills such as, why do you think this happened? Critical thinking skills are crucial, because learners can grow intellectually. For example, lessons on equality may help learners to develop high ethical and moral behavior. Learners can use critical thinking to use appropriate reasoning when making decisions or making judgments.

Children can gain academic confidence, when classroom assignments involve parents or the family. The writer finds it beneficial to provide classroom assignments that allow children to gather information on a family tree or historical interviews. Students are excited to retell positive and enriching experiences, which involves the family. The bond of a parent and child is stronger sometimes than the influence from an educator. Parents can influence how a child views learning and parents can positively influence a child’s attitude on reading. In addition, the close bond allows parents to share cultural views, exposures to social traditions, and language. Thus, parents can reinforce what a child learns at school. It is important for teachers and parents to work together.


In some cases, parents are limited in the amount of time and resources to help their child. Personal experiences as an educator, single parents and in a few cases, both parents work several jobs. Teachers can involve all parents regardless of circumstances by sharing student achievement through a positive phone call or letter. In addition, parents enjoy purchasing incentives for students and volunteering after school. Thus, parents are informed about their child’s accomplishments and can extend encouragement at home.

In conclusion, there are many benefits to parental involvement and literacy achievement. Children begin learning before entering school. Parents and guardians play a large role in what a child learns. Parents can help students develop a love of reading by setting up a home library. Spending time reading and setting incentives will help stimulate learner achievement. Parental bonds strengthen, when children spend quality time reading, writing, and learning phonemic rules. In addition, a child’s academic successes can increase self-esteem and confidence through parental encouragement. Lastly, parents can help students develop higher order thinking skills. After reading a story, spending time on an activity, parents can ask evaluative, or judgment questions. In a family environment, children enjoy giving a personal opinion. Educators should work closely with parents to provide literacy resource to help all children achieve.

References:

Morrison, G. (2004). Kindergarten Education: Learning all you need to know. Early Childhood Education Today, (9e). NJ: Upper Saddle River.

U.S Department of Education. (2007). Engaging parents in education: Lessons from five parental information and resource centers. Innovations In Education. Retrieved on September 21, 2012 from website http://www2.ed.gov/admins/comm/parents/parentinvolve/engagingparents.pdf

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    • krillco profile image

      William E Krill Jr 4 years ago from Hollidaysburg, PA

      Well written, good reminders. I can't wait for grandkids to read to and teach stuff only grandpas can!

    • Missy Mac profile image
      Author

      Missy Mac 4 years ago from Illinois

      Thanks Krillco:

      Education is dear to my heart. I enjoy helping learners and parents.

    • Money Glitch profile image

      Money Glitch 4 years ago from Texas

      Hello my fellow UOP Grad! Great article and a good reminder to parents of the importance of being involved in a child's academics. I know for sure it was my parents that instilled in me the importance of making good grades and achievement in school.

    • Missy Mac profile image
      Author

      Missy Mac 4 years ago from Illinois

      Welcome UOP grad, parents can play a large role our lives. As a newbie, I wanted to start with a topic close to my heart. Thanks

    • internpete profile image

      Peter V 4 years ago from At the Beach in Florida

      Totally agree, parental involvement in schooling and education is a must! Kids need to know their parents not only care about them, but support the education they are getting. When this happens, the kids do better in school! Good hub, voted up!

    • Missy Mac profile image
      Author

      Missy Mac 4 years ago from Illinois

      Thanks internpete:

      I am a newbie and education is an important topic of mine (retired teacher). Thank you again!

    • vespawoolf profile image

      vespawoolf 4 years ago from Peru, South America

      I'd never heard of the Pizza Hut program! It's so true that literacy starts at home. It's nice that so many are contributing toward that effort. Thanks so much for this useful information.

    • Missy Mac profile image
      Author

      Missy Mac 4 years ago from Illinois

      Most definitely, businesses offer great incentives for parents and students. Thanks for reading.

    • twilanelson profile image

      Twila Nelson 4 years ago from Carmichael, California

      Thank you for a wonderfully written and very useful Hub. My teenage daughter is as excited about a new book as she is about a trip to an amusement park. Sometimes I feel that she has a little bit of an addiction because she is a little temperamental when she has not been to the library for a while or even when she does not have a book in her hand. Incentives are definitely a wonderful way to maintain a child's love for reading.

      Have a wonderful day!

    • Missy Mac profile image
      Author

      Missy Mac 4 years ago from Illinois

      I can relate. I was a Nancy Drew and Hardy Boys reader (when younger). I enjoy mystery novels and the library was a reliable resource to finding an exciting mystery. Thanks again for reading.

    • rajan jolly profile image

      Rajan Singh Jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Parents have a big role to play in the child's educational progress and achievements. Wonderful hub. Voted up/useful.

    • Missy Mac profile image
      Author

      Missy Mac 4 years ago from Illinois

      Parental partnerships with teachers are extremely crucial to a child's success. Thanks for reading.

    • Au fait profile image

      C E Clark 4 years ago from North Texas

      Lots of good information and advice here. I home schooled my daughter from start to finish. I did it to avoid the problems of public school and because I felt I could do a better job. Aced all those issues. Parents are extremely important in all areas of education. They set the tone that ultimately influences their child's entire life.

    • Missy Mac profile image
      Author

      Missy Mac 4 years ago from Illinois

      When helping new teachers, the most important factor for success is including parents in the educational process and developing positive relationships with learners. Thanks for reading.

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