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Montserrat Volcano Case Study

Updated on December 20, 2013

All you need to know for GCSE Geography

Here I will provide simple easy to learn GCSE level information on the widely used Montserrat case study. I will also include resources to help you widen your knowledge further and improve your grades. I will include primary and secondary responses as well as the effects and key points. This study also goes into detail on key terms such as convection currents and tectonic plates.

Bold Text = Important

Convection Currents
Convection Currents

Why?

Soufriere Hills is situated on a destructive plate boundary. A destructive plate boundary is where two plates are forced towards each other by convection currents. Convection currents is the movement of magma(molten rock) caused by hot magma from near the center of the earth heating up, rising, cooling down then sinking in a circular motion.

The two plates hit each other and in this case the Atlantic plate is forced under the Caribbean plate (sub ducted) causing large amounts of friction and heat melting the rock. Magma builds up under the Caribbean plate, and when the pressure has reached a very high level the magma is forced up through the Caribbean plate as volcanic eruption.

Where and When?

Chances Peak (Soufriere Hills Volcano) erupted for the first time in over 300 years after giving of the classic warning signs, small earthquakes and eruptions of ash and dust. Chances Peak is located in Soufriere Hills the highest point in Montserrat. One of the most violent eruptions occurred on June 25th 1997.

Effects

Primary and Secondary

Primary effects are the direct effects of the volcano, here are some examples:

At least 4 square kilometres of land covered in pyroclastic flow4-5 million cubic meters of lava covered the landscapeNineteen people killedCapital city Plymouth was covered in a layer of ash, creating complete darkness for 15 minutesSecondary effects are indirect effects of the volcano, here are some you could use as examples:Fires started as building and gas pipes were set alight, and thousands of animals were smotheredFarm and forest land wiped out by mud slidesToxic smoke and ash poisoned water sourcesTowns and villages are made uninhabitable

Responses

Short and Long term

A short term response is a human reaction to the volcano or something caused by the volcano that is generally takes place within 2 weeks here are some examples:

Immediate evacuation of the airportMVO helicopters sent to pick up survivorsFrance and the Netherlands sent medical support along with the British Battleship HMS Liverpool which picked up survivorsWorld Society for the Protection of Animals sent food for farm animalsA long term response is a human reaction to the volcano or something caused by the volcano that is generally takes place after 2 weeks here are some examples:Development in the North of the island funded by British Government, costing £56 million and a housing scheme for 1000 peopleA new hospital called St. Johns was builtOther Caribbean islands offered homes and jobs for refugees

This image shows the red hot lava flowing down the Soufriere Hills Volcano.

Key Points

Eruption occurred on June 25th 1997

19 people died

The volcano is located in Soufriere Hills

Development funded by British Government cost £56 million

It is located on a Destructive plate boundry

Great Geography Revision Resources - Use these resources to up your grade!

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    • profile image

      banter 2 years ago

      chuck in a few spelling mistakes so mt geography teacher can't tell that I've copied and pasted all of my homework xD

    • profile image

      Qwerty 2 years ago

      Positive and negative impacts? What would these be?

    • profile image

      confused 3 years ago

      Where is Montserrat, I thought it was from Lord of the Rings?

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      starstudent* 3 years ago

      Thank you so much MPeers! This information helped me to get an A* in all my geography tests.. THANK YOU

    • profile image

      sycocra 3 years ago

      Much Volcanoes. Much Mantle. Very Earth

    • profile image

      anonymous 4 years ago

      @anonymous: i love eruptions too

    • profile image

      anonymous 4 years ago

      fab page squidooo this helped loads, i am so grateful.. i love eruptions

    • profile image

      anonymous 4 years ago

      Great this really helped me out

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      anonymous 4 years ago

      great site!! really helped me with a 7th grade project on chances peak! hope my teacher will be pleased with me!!!

    • profile image

      anonymous 4 years ago

      great site! lovely

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      anonymous 4 years ago

      love itttttttttttttttt squidoo is genius. beautiful. magnificent unbelievable jeff

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      anonymous 4 years ago

      Loving the website, absoloutley fantastic very helpful and realiable.

    • MPeers profile image
      Author

      MPeers 4 years ago

      @anonymous: No problem! Glad to help.

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      costaricaguides 5 years ago

      Great information and impressive photo. I currently live in front of the Arenal Volcano in Costa Rica and if you want to do a lens about it please let me know so I may share some pictures with you. :)

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      anonymous 4 years ago

      Thanks for helping me with my GCSE homework.

    • MPeers profile image
      Author

      MPeers 5 years ago

      @costaricaguides: Thanks! At the moment I am working on my Universe series, but when I am done I would love to make a lens on the Costa Rica Volcano. Thanks again, Matt.

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      anonymous 5 years ago

      Wow, your intro photo is incredible! Thanks for sharing this info about the eruption with us.

    • orange3 lm profile image

      orange3 lm 5 years ago

      Great Montserrat Volcano Case Study information! Thanks

    • shreeve21 profile image

      shreeve21 5 years ago

      very interesting lens. I really enjoyed it.