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Fascinating Stars in the Universe

Updated on February 28, 2019
Babu Mohan profile image

I am a marketing professional holding a post graduate degree in management. Astronomy is my hobby.

Night Sky Watching

Have you ever marveled at the night sky and wondered how insignificant we are in the grand scheme of things? There is a certain order in the way the Moon, planets and the stars move across the night sky. The beauty of space science lies in its certainty. I wish I know how exactly the stock markets will behave the next day just like I know the sunrise or the sunset timings.

There is beauty in watching a total lunar eclipse when the fully eclipsed Moon suddenly turns red. There is excitement when there is a Venus transit or a bright comet in night sky.

I am a star gazer fascinated by the beauty of the universe. If one asks me to list my favorite sight seeing places, night sky would be up there in first position.

Milky Way Galaxy

ESO/Y. Beletsky [CC BY 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons
ESO/Y. Beletsky [CC BY 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons | Source

Solar System Planets

There are a total of 8 planets in our solar system since Pluto is no longer considered a planet. Out of these, we can see 5 planets with our naked eye. The five naked eye planets are Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn. Uranus and Neptune can be viewed with the help of powerful telescopes or binoculars and only if you know where to look.

I have seen all the 5 planets with naked eye. I am yet to make a sincere effort to spot Uranus and Neptune. Mercury and Venus are called inferior planets with respect to earth. Their orbits are closer to sun than that of our Earth. Because of this reason, these two planets would always stay relatively closer to Sun. These two planets could be seen either in the west after sunset or in the east before sunrise when they are visible.

Venus has phases similar to Moon and one should make an effort to watch the crescent Venus through a telescope. Mercury is a difficult planet to spot for city dwellers as it is visible only for few weeks in a year. But it can be very bright and is easy to spot. We get our best chance to spot Mercury on 15th December 2018 as it rises an hour before sunrise. As an added bonus, we can also see the bright Venus whose crescent is visible when viewed through a small telescope.

Jupiter is the second brightest planet in the night sky and the fourth brightest object overall. A small telescope can help one see Jupiter's four moons. Mars is called the red planet because of its red tinge. Saturn is another bright planet that is visible to naked eye. A medium or large telescope is needed to view the famous rings of Saturn.

Crab Nebula

ESO [CC BY 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons
ESO [CC BY 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons | Source

Spotting a Comet

It has been my wish to spot a comet in night sky from my childhood. During my school days, there was a buzz that the Haley's comet would make an appearance in night sky. I knew it was my last chance to spot that comet as it has a periodicity of around 75 years. I stayed awake for several nights to catch a glimpse of this periodic comet but I failed. It is possible that I did not know where and when to look.

Nevertheless, I thought I would have a nice chance to spot a comet in 2013 when there was too much hype around comet ISON. But it fizzled out and I could not have a glimpse of the same. According to some earlier predictions, the comet was expected to become as bright as Full Moon but that did not happen as the comet disintegrated during its close encounter with Sun.

In Jan 2015, I was lucky enough to spot Comet C/2014 Q2 Lovejoy using my modest pair of binoculars from my home. It was not very bright but it was still a special moment for me as this was the first comet I could see.

Crescent Moon

David  Moug [GFDL or CC BY 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
David Moug [GFDL or CC BY 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons | Source

A Glimpse of Deep Sky Objects

After solar system objects, my interest shifted to deep sky objects like Milky way and Andromeda galaxy.

Andromeda galaxy is really special because it is situated at a distance of 2.5 million light years from us. The apparent size of this galaxy is six times the radius of full Moon! Still most of us would not have seen this galaxy in night sky because it usually gets washed away by the light pollution. A binocular is all I needed in my light polluted skies to spot the Andromeda galaxy.

Milky way cannot be seen from my place. I was lucky enough to spot this once from a remote area in Nagaland, India. It was visible to unaided eye since the surroundings were pitch dark and the milky way arm occupied nearly half the sky. It was one of my best moments in night sky watching.

I was also lucky enough to spot a Nova that happened in Sagittarius constellation using my telescope. A nova represents a violent explosion of a dying star. The Nova would appear like a star in a place where there was none before. The one I saw was not very bright but still it helped me cross one more milestone in observational astronomy. Have you heard of Betelgeuse that could go supernova in sometime? If this does, it could rival Moon in brightness.

Shooting Stars and Milky Way Galaxy

ESO/C. Malin [CC BY 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons
ESO/C. Malin [CC BY 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons | Source

Meteor Showers and Fireballs

Shooting stars are streaks of light that we see occasionally across the night sky. I am fortunate to have seen many shooting stars in night sky. Most of this have happened several decades ago during my childhood. Meteor showers represent the specific periods in a calendar year when the meteor activity peaks. This is when our planet crosses the path taken by comets and the debris left behind by the comets impact our atmosphere as shooting stars.

These shooting stars are actually very small particles entering earth's atmosphere. They get burnt up when they enter the earth's atmosphere. What happens when a large meteoroid enters our planet that may not be large enough to impact the planet? This creates a more fantastic sight referred to as a fireball. The fireball is also a shooting star but it appears really spectacular and fiery.

I was fortunate enough to spot one such fireball in the year 2012 shortly after sunset. I happened to look up and the fireball came in my line of sight. It might have lasted just a fraction of a second yet it has created a lasting impression.

Please leave your valuable comments.

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    • HandyHelper profile image


      5 years ago

      They look so close and yet they are unreachable. I find this pretty cool!

    • norma-holt profile image


      5 years ago

      The night sky is a place to invoke dreams and spice up the imagination, as it has done for all of human history. It never ceases to fascinate and is always there to be enjoyed, Nicely done lens.

    • profile image


      5 years ago

      Shooting stars always fascinate me and you added in your lens thanks for this. Nice.

    • profile image


      5 years ago

      Very nice and well crafted lens. Like it.

    • Zeross4 profile image

      Renee Dixon 

      5 years ago from Kentucky

      I always love to see shooting stars, on the rare occasion that it happens-it's very exciting. I really enjoyed your lens, I have also always been fascinated by the night sky, stars, astronomy, etc. Well done!

    • sukkran trichy profile image

      sukkran trichy 

      5 years ago from Trichy/Tamil Nadu

      my favorite subject. well written article. lovely share

    • profile image


      5 years ago

      I love looking at the stars too. It's best done lying on the ground though otherwise I get a stiff neck! I've never see a shooting star, but I'd love to. Lovely lens, very magical!

    • MrChipss profile image


      5 years ago

      I love looking at the stars. My earliest activity in that regard was on camping trips at the lake. I have actually seen Jupiter's moons with the aid of a telescope and that was really cool. Very nice job on the lense!

    • takkhisa profile image


      5 years ago

      You know a lot, that is great! Watching stars at night is very charming, don't you think so?

    • Babu Mohan profile imageAUTHOR

      Mohan Babu 

      5 years ago from Chennai, India

      @favored: The night sky from Canada must have been awesome. It always help to lessen light pollution if the density of population is low, which is the case in Canada.

    • Babu Mohan profile imageAUTHOR

      Mohan Babu 

      5 years ago from Chennai, India

      @tonyleather: Thank you so much for your encouraging comments.

    • Babu Mohan profile imageAUTHOR

      Mohan Babu 

      5 years ago from Chennai, India

      @TanoCalvenoa: Same here. I too get to see few stars only on most days. Occasionally, the sky would look better depending upon the local weather conditions and pollution effects.

    • profile image


      5 years ago

      I love to watch the night sky, although I live in a city area where visibility is poor. So sometimes I get a real treat if I'm out in the desert, up in the mountains, or out at Santa Catalina Island. Southern California's cities are so polluted with light and other forms of pollution that you can often count how many stars are visible.

    • favored profile image

      Fay Favored 

      5 years ago from USA

      Looking at the night sky is a wonderful experience no matter where I may be. The most fabulous night skies I have witnessed are those in Canada and Hawaii.

    • profile image


      5 years ago

      Fantastic lens! I always marvel that humanity still insist upon thinking in terms of human life-spans when considering space travel or evolution - we seem unable to grasp how truly insignificant we are in the great scheme of things. Well said!

    • LauraHofman profile image

      Laura Hofman 

      5 years ago from Naperville, IL

      Excellent and very informative lens! I love stars too, but we are limited as to what we can see here in the Chicago area...dark skies are indeed a rarity with all the street lights and signs.

    • Babu Mohan profile imageAUTHOR

      Mohan Babu 

      5 years ago from Chennai, India

      @Susan Zutautas: Thanks for your comments. I am honored.

    • Susan Zutautas profile image

      Susan Zutautas 

      5 years ago from Ontario, Canada

      Great lens and thank you for writing this as I learned a great deal from you.

    • Babu Mohan profile imageAUTHOR

      Mohan Babu 

      5 years ago from Chennai, India

      @mel-kav: You are absolutely right. Dark skies are becoming a rarity these days.

    • mel-kav profile image


      5 years ago

      Very interesting lens. I, too, am fascinated with the sky and the stars. But now, in my adulthood, the night skies are nothing compared to what I remember when I was a kid. That's why I do love the mountains - the stars are always abundant and bright.

    • Babu Mohan profile imageAUTHOR

      Mohan Babu 

      5 years ago from Chennai, India

      @Joebeducci: Thanks Joe for your encouraging comments..

    • Babu Mohan profile imageAUTHOR

      Mohan Babu 

      5 years ago from Chennai, India

      @sybil watson: Hopefully we all have a chance to see a comet with our own eyes by the end of this month. If you are a regular sky watcher, you could spot a shooting star once a while. The best bet is to wait for the Leonid meteor shower happening on 16th Nov. Many thanks for taking your time to read and comment on my new lens.

    • profile image

      sybil watson 

      5 years ago

      I would love to see a comet or a shooting star! I have seen a green flash, though.

    • Joebeducci profile image


      5 years ago

      Indeed very fascinating! Greets, Joebeducci


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