ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Atomic Orbital structure

Updated on July 25, 2014

Atomic orbital

The term orbital means a region where electron may likely to be found. No specific point are not discovered when any electron can be found in any moment. A space or region can be found where electron may found . But in this no point can be found where in a certain time electron will be found. This region is termed as orbita

Atomic orbital and electron cloud

The two term atomic orbital and electron cloud is the same things. Electron surrounding the nucleus will seems to be a cloud like structure. Not only that any single electron will form a cloud surrounding it self. The eliptical paths of any electron surrounding the nucleus will be just like a cloud like way. This cloud is the region where electron is likely to be found. This cloud is called orbital.

A real life example to make a similarity with atomic orbital

Look at the movement of a ceiling fan. When ceiling fan start to moving with speed it seems that every wings of the fan looks like that they are occupied a certain region. Just like a ceiling fan same things happen in an atom. The electron seems that occupies a certain region. This region is called cloud.

Another example may be helpful to understand, hold a stick with a burning fire at the top. Move it speedly. If you move the stick parabolically you will find a parabolic cloud of fire.

A tube like elliptical path to orbit

A road surrounding the pond may be a good example. If you walk by a walk way road surrounding a pond, sometime you may nearby the corner side of the pond, sometimes you may place in opposite cornerside.

Just like that when electron moves surrounding the nucleus it does not obey just a straight forword way or even a flat way. It exactly maintain a tube like way. Inside the tube the whole space is allowed for electron to occupy. This inside the tube may similar with the cloud of an eliptical path.

Why atomic orbital are formed

Atomic orbital formed due to few causes. Electron have two nature.

1. Wave nature

2. Particle nature

The above two nature of electron is responsible for forming electron cloud.

The wave nature indicate that electron will propagate by the eliptical path by creating wave.

This statement make a limitation of the Rutherfords atomic model. In Rutherfords atomic model their indicated a linear circular way.

When electron will propagate making a wave it will obey a tube like pathway.

A single electron how form orbital surrounding itself

It is possible for a single electron to form a cloud surrounding itself. The two nature of electron is the main cause of forming a cloud surrounding itself.

The electrostatic force between nucleus and electron and other forces implemented on electron, the wave nature of the electron is responsible for vibrating of electron. This vibration creates cloud. Because of this vibration electron have no specific stability in a specific point.

Different theories that supports the atomic orbital structures

Different theories are found to support atomic orbital structures.

These are

1Schrödinger wave equation

2.Maxwell's wave mechaniques

3. Different atomic models

Heigenberg uncertainty principle

Heigenberg uncertainty principle is focusses on the uncertainty about finding an electron surrounding the nucleus. No one can measure the specifc position of an electron surrounding the nucleus.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)