- Education and Science
Painting Water: A Roman Lake
Water Reflections Inspire Painting
Water is a favorite subject for artist, Sharon Weaver. "I love to paint water so I take my camera everywhere and am always on the lookout for an interesting scene with water. Even on vacation, I take photos that may be used as a reference for a painting. You can imagine how excited I was to visit Italy for two weeks in the fall. My husband and I where traveling with another couple so I didn't take my paints with me, but I was on the lookout for photo references that I could use when I returned home.
One of my most memorable days in Rome was spent at the Galleria Borghese. Sculptures by Bernini, paintings by Titian, Raphael and Caravagio where highlights of the museum but the walk back to our hotel through the surrounding gardens was a once in a lifetime adventure.
Unexpected surprises were around every corner with lovely vistas, fountains and buildings. The Piazza di Siena and the Tempietto di Diana are only two of the many landmarks we stumbled upon but, for me, the biggest moment of the day was when we came through some trees to see the Temple of Aesculapius on the lake. The afternoon was cloudy but just at that moment of first discovery, the sun came out and I took several photos. The reflections in the lake were spectacular and the varied colors of the trees where sublime. I saw a painting.
I only had time for a few photos because soon after this photo was taken, the clouds covered the sky and it started to drizzle, erasing the mirror reflection in the water. The magic moment had passed."
Borghese Gardens, Rome Italy
All photos and artwork are by Sharon Weaver
Visit Rome - Is a Roman Holiday in Your Future?
I spent two weeks in Italy; one in Rome at a B&B near the Spanish Steps and one in Tuscany seeing surrounding hill towns. I soon realized that I could have easily spent a month walking the beautiful streets of Rome. The city spoke to me and I loved it. If you have been there you probably understand my infatuation. If you have never seen Rome, do yourself a favor and make your next trip Rome, Italy.
This is the book that my husband bought for our trip to Italy. It was a wealth of information and directed us to many out of the way treasures. A MUST HAVE.
I am a map person and used my map extensively in Rome. I marked our daily excursions in marker so years from now I can retrace my steps. I prefer to see the entire city not just a little part like you can see on your smart phone.
The HBO series is a must see. The deceit, the intrigue, the power struggles, the sex; all make this series very entertaining.
If you can not go to Rome, why not bring Rome to you with a Hollywood romantic comedy. This is a wonderful film.
Saving a Moment
Capturing that first moment of discovery is the essence of my work so I didn't waste any time after my return home from Rome. I painted several paintings from that trip but my favorite is of the lake in the Borghese Gardens. Here is how I did it.
First, I found the photograph and cropped it to my liking. I also enhanced the colors to reflect my first impression. I wanted it to convey the magic of the place.
Next, I worked on a sketch. For me it is always helpful to familiarize myself with the scene by working out a sketch. I will eliminate or enhance different aspects of a scene to improve the composition. Nature doesn't usually provide the perfect scene so here is when I make different design decisions to improve the scene and bend it to my liking.
Sketch by Sharon Weaver
Rome the Eternal City
Have you ever been to Rome?
Under-painting in Complementary Colors
It may look strange but painting the under-painting in the complementary colors, the opposite color on the color wheel, will really make those colors pop. You may not know what a complementary color is but you have seen them used in many different ways. For more in depth information on painting with complementary colors see my article Transform Your Art With Color.
Blue and orange, red and green (Christmas colors); purple and yellow (Easter colors) are examples of complementary colors. When they are used together these colors effect each other by creating a visual vibration. They are the greatest chromatic contrast to each other. Using the complementary color underneath another color will give vibrancy to the final color because of the contrast.
Paint the Darks - Starting to Add Color
I always begin my paintings by establishing the darks. I start out thin, using a mix of turpentine and oil paint. Dark colors need this transparency to give them depth. My darks never contain black but instead have rich colors of blue, green, purple and red. Shadows are much more interesting with color. Painting the darks first will also establish the design. Now I can really see the structure of the painting.
Most artists make the mistake of painting the surface of the water before they have painted the depth. I will first paint the water using a vertical brush stroke. By painting the water up and down I give the water depth..
Adding More Color
Squint at the painting. Do you see the shape, like a Rorschach image, the lines of the trees are mirrored in the water. Now I start to add the actual colors to the painting. My paint is thicker but I still allow some of the under-painting to show through. See the raspberry color showing through the green trees on the left side of the painting? That is the complementary under-painting showing through.
In the water, it is time to start painting the surface of the water. I do that with horizontal brushstrokes and shapes.
Starting the Details
Now that I have established the masses, I will start to develop details introducing more variety to the colors. I add lots of different greens in the vegetation, different shades of blue in the water and interest in the light accents. As with black, I never use straight white. My whites are always a very light tint of color. There really is no black or white in nature, these are man made colors. Also white can have a chalky look. Besides isn't a light mint green or light peach much prettier than stark white?
Now, I am concerned with variety of color, brushstroke and texture in the water. The horizontal strokes are used to define the ripples in the water as the texture mimics the actual ripples adding interest.
Sharon's Art Advice - For more art information and tutorials try the links below.
- Sharon Weaver's Art
My website with more of my landscape paintings.
- Reflections of an Artist: Sharon Weaver's Blog
Tutorials, tips, gallery openings, marketing ideas, new paintings and much more........My thoughts as I continue exploring my art.
- Sharon Weaver's News
Sign up here and you will receive a monthly update with new paintings and stories from the field.
- Paint with Color
Complementary colors add vibrancy and movement to your painting. See how to here.
- Painting the Garden
Gardens have always been a great source of inspiration for artists. See my personal favorites and how I painted them.
At this stage there is a constant back and forth between positive and negative space. I strive for variety and unity. These may seem to be contradictory goals but if you think about it you will understand why you need both. If there is too much unity the painting is boring, on the other hand, if there is too much variety the painting doesn't hold together. It is a balancing act that takes experimentation and adjustments.
The shapes in the water need to be broken up to create interest but not so much that you loose the shape of the image. I want some areas to have texture and add heavy paint while other areas are left thin and translucent.
Refining the Water
Shaping the final details for drama is the final step. Connecting some shapes while extending other, refining the lightest and darkest colors are all part of how I finalize my painting. These small changes direct the eye and lead you around the painting. I have read that creating a painting is like composing music and that analogy rings true. Here is where I add the crescendo, the climax.
Even at this stage I can and do make major changes in the composition. I should have caught this earlier but I see a problem. That inverted blue V at the center bottom of the painting is very distracting so I decided to eliminate it (see final painting below). I extended the clouds and am much happier with the result.
Final - Reflections of the Past by Sharon Weaver
My painting, Reflections of the Past, is complete, I have designed the shapes, colors and values to show you how I felt on that fall afternoon stepping through the trees to first see this lake. I even made a few major changes in the composition. The visual has replaced any words I could write. The moment captured for everyone to enjoy.
The original painting is sold but you can buy a print of Reflections of the Past in a variety of sizes.
Photos and artwork by Sharon Weaver
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More great stuff for the artist or crafts person.