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Pannonia

Updated on July 15, 2017

Pannonia is the ancient name for Hungary and the seat of the nation’s first monarchy. The kingdom was established in the first half of the 800s following the marriage of Emeshe and Ugek and after the birth of their son, Almos.

Before his birth, Almos’s mother, Emeshe, had a dream in which Turul, the giant mythical Hawk in Hungarian mythology, who often acts as a messenger of the Gods, flew down from its perch on the tree of life and impregnated Emeshe with a drop of its saliva.

When she was giving birth to Almos, a tiny spring welled from her womb and slowly grew in size swelling with water until its torrents swept through the snowy mountains and the valleys wedged between them into the flat lowlands that lay on the other side.

There it stopped and grew into a wondrous tree with golden branches. The highest precinct on this tree was occupied by the mighty bird-hawk, the legendary Turul, and the land the tree stood on became the land of her descendants, the land of fabled kings and warriors.

In other historical circles, Almos is also known as the Voivode of Levedia. Levedia was a territory/kingdom located along the banks of the River Inhul, a tributary of the Southern River Buh in Ukraine and the Magyars, if the legend were true, followed the river to its end. The term Voivode or war leader coincidentally is a Slavic term and a Voivode is usually only appointed during times of war. The use of the term clearly implies a Slavic nexus.

At the time Almos or the Voivode of Levedia had his dream, the Magyars were besieged by enemies and after a long and protracted war they were on the verge of capitulating. On the eve of what was to be the deciding battle, a worried Almos or Voivode Levedia went to sleep and while sleeping he had a vivid dream.

In the dream his army was attacked by a flock of ravens that appeared out of nowhere and his men were overwhelmed by the flighted beasts. Just as his army was about to succumb, a mighty hawk appeared from the sky and led Almos and his men to safety. The hawk was none other than the majestic bird of prey, Turul.

The battle the following morning did not favor the Magyars and their lines faltered in the face of repetitive attacks. When all appeared lost, a hawk appeared from the sky and Almos remembering the dream the night before, ordered his men to retreat and follow the flight of the bird. The path led them along the River Inhul and after weeks of travelling they arrived in a fertile land that was to become their new home, Pannonia.

Almos who established the Kingdom of Pannonia was its first ruler and Pannonia flourished for about 150 years until the coronation of Stephen I in 1001. Stephen who himself was the son of a Magyar chieftain, acquired the throne from the last great Magyar King of Hungary, Geza.

Emeshe, the mother of Almos, is central to the legend. The word “Emeshe” in Sumerian simply means “High Priestess” and her story starts in 819, during the reign of the Assyrian King Ashur-Banipal, when a descendant of the Scythian King Magog married the daughter of Enid-Belia.

In contemporary literature the daughter of Enid-Belia is known as Emeshe but it is difficult to say for certain if the word Emeshe is used in reference to the princess’s name or if it is indicative of her status as High Priestess of the Temple of Kham, an office that she held prior to her marriage.

The word Kham in Sanskrit means sky, and the words Emeshe and the Temple of Kham, if read together can be interpreted in the following manner: - High Priestess of the Temple of the Sky or High Priestess of the Temple of the Sky God. It implies or suggests a Sumerian-Sanskrit radix and it unearths a new and unexplored facet of Sumerian-Sanskrit mythology.

Anu is the highest ranking deity in the Sumerian epoch but the extent of his worship remains undetermined. He is commonly acknowledged to be the Sumerian “father of the gods” and as such he wields or wielded extensive powers.

The priests and priestesses of Kham are the descendants of Emeshe who according to popular myth and legend are gifted with the ability to read the will of the Gods.

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© 2016 Kathiresan Ramachanderam and Dyarne Jessica Ward

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