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The Life Cycle of The Praying Mantis With Photos

Updated on January 16, 2016
Excellent camouflage of the Praying Mantis
Excellent camouflage of the Praying Mantis | Source

The life cycle of the praying mantis


The praying mantis is almost alien looking with its triangular head and its thin body. The truth is it is a deadly killing machine and one of a gardeners greatest ally in the search for natural pest control.

To look at them they look fragile with their delicate legs and their paper-thin wings tucked neatly down. All of the photos here were taken just outside our door on our patio area, where we have been lucky enough to witness, the life cycle of the praying mantis.

Here in Brazil, where I live, we see many different types and encourage them wherever possible.

Many a morning we have had them perched around our outside dining table, as we leave the light on at night which attracts insects. This makes the perfect hunting grounds for them.



Praying Manits Camouflage


The camouflage of the praying mantis can be very good as you can see in the photo above. If this was perched near dying vegetation, you would be hard pressed to see it.

Some of the images below are the spitting image of a green leaf. The camouflage is used to hide them from a predator and also to conceal them from their prey to enable them to get within striking distance.

Still others we have seen here have long slender bodies which, when on the stalk of a plant, help them to disappear. Some almost seem to be a cross between a praying mantis and a stick insect, they can be so thin and long.

As I have mentioned we often see them in our patio area, where they are attract to the easy meal due to the light being left on at night.

We also have spotted them on the sides of coconut trees, in long grass, and even over the water on reeds (cattails). Their ability to fly ensures they capitalize on a wide hunting area.



Carnivores of the insect world

Carnivorous Praying Mantis
Carnivorous Praying Mantis | Source

Carnivorous mantises

Let there be no mistake, these beautiful delicate creatures are carnivores. They are even cannibals as they will eat their own species as well. Often after copulation, the female will eat the male.

The picture above is one I took in the morning on the door step rug of a mantis eating an insect. Sadly, my 45kg dog trod on this as and killed it, the mat was where he sleeps.

Normally when we see mantises we place them on one of the palms on the patio where they can either fly from or stay there and hunt for food. This is where the following photos were taken.

Praying mantis eating a grasshopper
Praying mantis eating a grasshopper | Source
Praying mantis eating another praying mantis
Praying mantis eating another praying mantis | Source

Praying Mantis Laying Egg Sac

Praying mantis laying ootheca
Praying mantis laying ootheca | Source

Praying Mantis Nymphs


The picture above is of a mantis laying an egg sac after we placed her on the palm on the patio. The egg sac is called an ootheca. As you can see this is the second egg sac which has been laid on the same palm. When the egg comes out it is quite soft and if you look closely you can still see it looks foamy. She stayed there until it hardened off.

Then we watched and waited until it hatched. It was only by sheer luck that we happened to be in the right place at the right time. Here the weather is always warm so they hatch quite quickly.

As the young ones emerged they were then on their own, At this time they could be prey for spiders, birds, other mantises.

The young nymphs scuttled off to make their way in the world .

Ootheca hatching
Ootheca hatching | Source

Best Natural Pest Control

The praying mantis is a wonderful addition to your garden to keep the pests down. They will however eat virtually all insects, even some of the beneficial ones such as spiders.

That said, if you don't have any that you have seen, it could be worth introducing them into your garden.


What do you do if you see a praying mantis?

See results

Fun Facts About the Praying Mantis

The praying mantis can turn its head 180°,

Some larger praying mantis will catch lizards,frogs and small birds.

People keep them as pets

It grabs its prey with its front legs and the spines on its legs hold it securely in place while it is being eaten alive.

Each ootheca (egg case ) can have between 40-400 nymphs depending on the type.

The female will often eat the male after sex.


Any thoughts on praying mantises?

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    • profile image

      mackyi 2 years ago

      Very interesting hub about a very interesting insect! Thanks a lot. However, my question is, how did you manage to capture so much of its life's events so closeup?

    • Blond Logic profile image
      Author

      Mary Wickison 2 years ago from Brazil

      Hi Mackyi,

      The photos were taken about 10 feet from our door. Plus I have an older Canon Powershot. I think it is about a 8 year old camera. I use a super macro setting.

      Glad you enjoyed it.

      Thanks for reading.

    • Faith Reaper profile image

      Faith Reaper 2 years ago from southern USA

      Fascinating hub here! I am not sure if I have ever seen one here where we live, but now I know what to look out for when I do see one. Your photos are phenomenal. I learned a lot here.

      Up and more, pinning and tweeting

    • Blond Logic profile image
      Author

      Mary Wickison 2 years ago from Brazil

      We are lucky to have the opportunity to see all of these things. I often wonder just how much we miss by not taking the time to slow down and observe.

      Thanks for your pin, tweet and votes.

    • Alphadogg16 profile image

      Kevin W 2 years ago from Texas

      This was a very interesting & informative hub on the Preying Mantis, I learned a lot about them from this article. I'm not sure if they're are anywhere I live as I haven't seen any or maybe I haven't paid close enough attention. Thumbs up on your hub Blond Logic.

    • Blond Logic profile image
      Author

      Mary Wickison 2 years ago from Brazil

      Hi Alphadogg,

      I think they have them in Texas. Remember they are very good at concealing themselves, perhaps that is why you haven't seen them.

      Thanks for the visit, have a great day up there in Texas.

    • MsDora profile image

      Dora Isaac Weithers 2 years ago from The Caribbean

      Voted Up and More. This is an awesome presentation--both facts and pictures. I enjoy your work.

    • Blond Logic profile image
      Author

      Mary Wickison 2 years ago from Brazil

      Hello Ms. Dora,

      Thank you for the votes, I am glad you enjoyed it. For me these are easy to photograph as they tend to wait for me to get everything ready.

      As always, wonderful to hear from you.

    • Nell Rose profile image

      Nell Rose 2 years ago from England

      Hiya, I think most females would love to do to men what the praying mantis does! lol! and do you know I never knew they could fly? not that we get them over here, but its not something I thought of! Great hub blond logic, and I learned something new! voted up and shared, nell

    • goodnews11 profile image

      OSBERT JOEL C 2 years ago from CHENNAI

      Informative article!.Voted up!

    • Blond Logic profile image
      Author

      Mary Wickison 2 years ago from Brazil

      Hi Goodnews11,

      Glad you thought so, thank you for the vote.

    • LongTimeMother profile image

      LongTimeMother 2 years ago from Australia

      Your photos are brilliant, Blond Logic. I suggest you clearly state your copyright on each photo because they'll probably travel far and wide. :)

      I enjoyed this hub immensely. Voted up and shared.

    • Blond Logic profile image
      Author

      Mary Wickison 2 years ago from Brazil

      Hi Long Time Mother,

      Thanks for the reminder, I will do it now. I am glad you enjoyed it, thanks for sharing and the vote.

    • grand old lady profile image

      Mona Sabalones Gonzalez 2 years ago from Philippines

      Wow, these praying mantis sure are deceiving. They look fragile and seem to pray but they prey and they are unrelenting. The video of the praying mantis eating the bee was so sad. Well, come to think of it, as long as they don't bother humans, they are okay. Especially if you hate insects and bees. Gotta find some of these fragile looking monsters for my garden.

    • Blond Logic profile image
      Author

      Mary Wickison 2 years ago from Brazil

      Hello Grand Old Lady,

      I was surprised by how graphic that video was. I was amazed at the way the mouth of it opened to eat, it wasn't how I thought. The insect world is a cruel place.

      They are there in the Philippines, just keep a sharp look-out for them.

      Good luck in your search and thanks for stopping by.

    • Mel Carriere profile image

      Mel Carriere 2 years ago from San Diego California

      Fancy running into you here. I give the mantises free rein in my California yard as well, and even my wife who was freaked out by them at first has grown fond of these insects. Great hub!

    • Blond Logic profile image
      Author

      Mary Wickison 2 years ago from Brazil

      I am glad to hear it, I think nature has its own checks and balance systems.

    • teaches12345 profile image

      Dianna Mendez 2 years ago

      Your photos are outstanding and really add to the content value. Thanks for the education on this insect. I'm not sure I would want one for a pet though.

    • Blond Logic profile image
      Author

      Mary Wickison 2 years ago from Brazil

      Hi Teaches,

      Some of the ones we have here are fascinating but I too wouldn't want one as a pet. There is no way I am going to go out and catch bugs to feed one.

      Pleased you enjoyed it.

      Thanks for stopping by.

    • chef-de-jour profile image

      Andrew Spacey 2 years ago from Near Huddersfield, West Yorkshire,UK

      What a thoroughly enjoyable article, thank you. I'm fascinated by the praying mantis, always have been. It's the way they pose as ministers of some god, praying for the opportunity to ....eat a fellow mantis for example!

      I think I saw a mantis on a documentary recently, would that be the Orchid mantis? A superbly crafted specimen but deadly when it came to meals and reproduction.

      Votes for the mantis, and a share.

    • Blond Logic profile image
      Author

      Mary Wickison 2 years ago from Brazil

      Hi Chef-de-jour,

      They are interesting creatures and we are lucky to have had them so close to us. Some of the wildlife here in Brazil is more interesting than TV.

      Glad you enjoyed the article, thanks for the the votes and the share.

    • profile image

      Dave 22 months ago

      Some years it seems like you see more insects then other years. This year we saw a lot of lady btelees, praying mantis, and those black and orange striped caterpillars. I've never seen a walking stick.

    • Blond Logic profile image
      Author

      Mary Wickison 22 months ago from Brazil

      Hi Dave,

      You're right, we notice a similar thing here in Brazil. Some years there seems to be an abundance and other years not.

      We do get walking sticks here but haven't seen one lately.

      Great to hear from you, thanks for your visit.

    • integrater profile image

      Certified Noob 21 months ago

      Brilliant pictures, especially laying and hatching of ootheca. A nice introduction to Praying Mantis. The only manits I knew about was Master Mantis from Kung Fu Panda!! But your hub has piqued my interest in this very peculiar insect . Will try to find one where I live. Thank you for an interesting hub.

      Upvoted.

    • Blond Logic profile image
      Author

      Mary Wickison 21 months ago from Brazil

      Hello Integrater,

      We were lucky to notice this happening and had the camera close at hand. Nature is always fascinating and I think there is still so much that we don't know about it.

      Good luck with your search, although not always easy to see, they are very interesting creatures.

      Thanks for your visit.

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