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Primitive Skills and Wilderness Crafts

Updated on June 24, 2012

Get out in the dirt, and get back to the basics!

I have always enjoyed getting down to the basics and understanding how things work, and one way in which I like to do this is to get out in the woods and wilderness and learn primitive methods of making and doing some of the things we take for granted in today's consumer society. Making fire without matches, producing everything from cordage (string, rope) to baskets, pots and bowls for gathering and cooking wild foods to making clothing and footwear from animal hides--these are great ways to re-introduce one's self to the fundamentals of life, and learn the origins and value of the things we use in everyday life without a second thought.

Join me as I give a brief glimpse at some of the various wilderness skills and crafts I enjoy practicing!

All photos taken by the author

Cordage

A good place to start...

Do you realize how useful rope, string, and other sorts of cordage can be in daily life, and how valuable they become when not readily available?

There are so many raw materials that can be used to make a sturdy cordage, depending on your region of the country, and now would be a good time to practice this valuable skill. Milkweed, nettle, dogbane and yucca are some of the best cordage plants in my area--you want to look for a plant whose stem contains sturdy fibers which don't easily break when the stem is broken--but there are some interesting non-plant options as well. Get out and explore, experiment and discover your favorites!

Yucca fibers, soaked, scraped and dried, and finished yucca cordage:

Cording the inner bark of an aspen tree:

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Basket made from aspen bark cordage:

Cordage twined from mountain goat wool that I collected up on a ridge above 12,000' elevation!

Sinew (tendons) from the legs and back of deer, elk and other animals provides another valuable source of cordage material. Primitive peoples around the world, including Native Americans, used deer sinew for bowstrings and to back bows themselves to add strength. Before twisting into cordage, backstrap sinew (the longest, most useful fibers) must be scraped to remove all traces of meat and fat, and dried, and the round, thick leg sinews need to be pounded gently with a rounded rock to separate the fibers so they can be twisted.

Deer backstrap sinew, scraped, dried, separated and ready to turn into sturdy cordage!

Cordage-making demonstration

Fire starting

Without matches!

There are many ways to produce fire without modern tools such as matches and lighters. Some--such as the bow and drill or hand drill--take more skill than others to master, but it is very rewarding to be able to walk into the woods and know that you can obtain fire with nothing more than the raw materials you find close at hand. One of the simplest ways in which you can do this is to carry a ferro rod, which is made of a special metal that produces sparks when scraped with steel, glass or even rock:

Materials all ready to go--ferro rod, striker and milkweed down for tinder...

Success!

Waterproof "tinder pellets" can be made from milkweed down and pine pitch. These can be carried in one's pack or bag to aid in starting fires under the worst of conditions. Here I am pouring liquefied pine pitch (sap) into a pile of milkweed down--the first step in making these pellets.

And, the finished pellet, ready to use. Simply break open the waterproof shell of pitch, and strike sparks for ready tinder!

A basket of willow wood shavings and "feather sticks" to help get fires started...

Bow and drill firestarting - A good demonstration to help get you started

Wilderness firestarting tools on Amazon

While these products are not as primitive as a fire bow and should not take the place of really mastering the basics of starting a fire with materials you can scrounge in the woods, they do provide the ability to make hundreds or even thousands of fires without having to worry about carrying matches or lighters, which are quite expendable.

Brain Tanning and leather craft

Primitive clothing and footwear...

For thousands of years, animal hides provided humans with clothing and shelter. Brain tanning your own hides--either from animals you take for meat, or hides donated by hunters who don't wish to use them, if you don't hunt, yourself--is a great way to reconnect with this tradition and learn some very valuable skills.

It's hard work to take a hide from its raw state to finished, wearable leather/buckskin, and the task will certainly give you a new appreciation of the readily available clothing that we so take for granted, these days!

Fleshing an elk hide, the first step in brain tanning. All of the meat, fat and membrane must come off...

Deerskin moccasins...

Brain tanning buckskin--a video introduction

Brain tanning, buckskin and leatherwork books and supplies

Primitive lamps and lighting

Primitive lighting can involve anything from cattail seed heads dipped in pine pitch to make a long-burning torch, to seal fat burned in carved out dishes of soapstone with cottongrass wicks such as the Inuits used for lighting and cooking, to beeswax candles.

This is a very simple lamp I carved from sandstone. The wick is corded cattail leaf fibers, with bear fat for the fuel. It provides a good, steady flame.

Qulliq - This traditional Inuit lamp a source of light, and heat, a place to cook food and the center of the home

Watch this incredible video to see how the tradition is being preserved and passed down!

Primitive shelter

Keeping yourself out of the wind and weather in the wild...

A primitive shelter can be as simple as a good dry pile of leaves or pine needles beneath a tree, or as complex as a large skin or bark covered lodge fit for spending an entire winter, as different as cleft in the rock or a snow cave, but the basics are the same--keep yourself dry, warm and out of the wind and weather.

No matter where you choose to shelter, it's important that you insulate yourself from the ground as well as possible, to help conserve warmth. This may involve sitting on a pack or an item of clothing, or piling dry leaves or even freshly cut evergreen boughs beneath you, for insulation.

Here is a picture from inside a snug little shelter I built from scrub oak trunks, and one showing its outside, which is covered with cottonwood tree bark. The bark helps shed water, and I have spent many dry nights in that shelter, even during the hardest rain. Inside, I have piled a good foot and a half of good dry oak leaves on the floor to provide insulation, and have stuffed cracks between the logs with sagebrush to keep out the wind.

And here's a shelter of cut snow blocks I made one spring when the snow wasn't deep enough to dig a snow cave, but I needed something to shelter me from the wind. Cracks between the blocks were packed with loose snow, and water from a nearby creek spread on them and allowed to freeze to firm everything together. Lily the dog is sitting in the shelter to give you an idea of its size.

Edible wild plants

Enjoy nature's bounty!

No matter where a person may live, desert, mountains, plains, forest or even in the city, there will be numerous food plants available for use and enjoyment. An interesting way to learn about your local food resources is to study (in North America, at least) which wild food crops were relied on by the Native Americans in centuries past.

One must not, of course, ever eat a plant until it has been positively identified, and the best way to learn is in person from someone well versed in local edibles, but this skill can be learned by studying books and comparing what you see there to things found out in the field, also.

Here are some tasty an nutritious plants that I enjoy harvesting and eating, here in my area (Western US.)

Waterleaf, avalanche lily and spring beauty roots...

Currants...

Oregon grapes...

Prickly pear cactus...

Cattail roots (just like fried potatoes, with eggs!)

Books to help get you started identifying edible plants in your area!

The primitive skills and wilderness crafts featured in this article are just a few of the many to which I've devoted time over the years, and they have become a lifelong pursuit and passion for me.

Get out in the dirt and give a few of these ancient and productive skills a try, and you may find that you enjoy them, too!

Additional primitive skills and wilderness crafts images...

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Box trap, baited with curly dock seedsDeer backstrap sinew preparationDogbane fibers, being prepared for cordageBalm of Gilead ingredients: Cottonwood buds and bear fatMaking a willow basketCording mountain goat woolPeeling willow bark to lash together a pack frameQuartz arrowhead found near where I liveUsing deer sinew to attach buckskin handle to an atlatl (dart thrower)Carved sandstone bowl
Box trap, baited with curly dock seeds
Box trap, baited with curly dock seeds
Deer backstrap sinew preparation
Deer backstrap sinew preparation
Dogbane fibers, being prepared for cordage
Dogbane fibers, being prepared for cordage
Balm of Gilead ingredients: Cottonwood buds and bear fat
Balm of Gilead ingredients: Cottonwood buds and bear fat
Making a willow basket
Making a willow basket
Cording mountain goat wool
Cording mountain goat wool
Peeling willow bark to lash together a pack frame
Peeling willow bark to lash together a pack frame
Quartz arrowhead found near where I live
Quartz arrowhead found near where I live
Using deer sinew to attach buckskin handle to an atlatl (dart thrower)
Using deer sinew to attach buckskin handle to an atlatl (dart thrower)
Carved sandstone bowl
Carved sandstone bowl

Primitive Skills Poll - There are so many things to learn, practice and master, out in the woods!

Which wilderness skills have you tried?

See results

Primitive skills and wilderness craft books

There is no substitute for getting out there and trying the skills yourself, but these books will give you a good place from which to start...

All photos taken by the author, unless otherwise noted.

What primitive skills have you tried, and which might interest you?

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    • profile image

      RinOfAllTrades 4 years ago

      Great lens, and very informative. I've done all the things listed in the poll at least once, and usually more than once, but not in quite awhile. I'll have to try my hand at it and see if I've retained the skills!

      Added this lens to the featured lenses on my lens about "go bags".^_^

    • Cynthia Haltom profile image

      Cynthia Haltom 4 years ago from Diamondhead

      Picking berries is my favorite although I have tried to start a fire without matches.

    • StillPlaysWithT profile image

      StillPlaysWithT 4 years ago

      I'd like to learn how to catch fish without all the fancy modern fishing gear.

    • Craftypicks profile image

      Lori Green 5 years ago from Las Vegas

      Been to this lens a few times. Liked it long ago. Good job.

    • aesta1 profile image

      Mary Norton 5 years ago from Ontario, Canada

      Tanning deerskin would be interesting.

    • profile image

      anonymous 5 years ago

      I'm afraid I'm not much of an outdoorsman. I would be in big trouble if I got lost in the wilderness! Nice job on this lens.

    • profile image

      antoniow 5 years ago

      Great lens, well done! Squidlike

    • SquidooPower profile image

      SquidooPower 5 years ago

      Fantastic.

    • xriotdotbiz lm profile image

      xriotdotbiz lm 5 years ago

      Done the fire starting and shelters. I really want to work on identifying more edible plants in my neck of the woods.

    • kindoak profile image

      kindoak 5 years ago

      This here is one of the better lenses I've seen so far. Nominated for lotd

    • HenkWillemse profile image

      HenkWillemse 5 years ago

      I absolutely love this article thanks.

    • Gypzeerose profile image

      Rose Jones 5 years ago

      Could I do these? I don't know. Do I want to? Maybe, it is challenging that is for sure. There is an organization nearby here that takes groups into the wild for exactly this kind of thing - I have always told my boys it is "learning to be a man camp." Angel Blessed for great original content.

    • arcarmi profile image

      arcarmi 5 years ago

      This article is awesome!

    • falling lakes profile image

      falling lakes 5 years ago

      This one is bookmarked!

    • Mim Art profile image

      Mim Art 5 years ago

      Okay - in case of world chaos, or on any hiking, fishing, walking, whatever trip - I want to be on your team!!! You rock!

    • virtualboy profile image

      virtualboy 5 years ago

      I can start a fire with out matches

    • profile image

      Auntie-M LM 5 years ago

      Wow, what an amazing amount of info! I am much more a day tripper, mostly because I don't know at this stuff. Great lens!

    • WriterJanis2 profile image

      WriterJanis2 5 years ago

      This lens needs a blessing.

    • profile image

      anonymous 5 years ago

      Just stopping back to be inspired and delighted once again...

    • profile image

      anonymous 5 years ago

      Wow!

    • pheonix76 profile image

      pheonix76 5 years ago from WNY

      I have spent some nights on the trail while backpacking -- it certainly felt primitive lol! Have not tried most of the skills on your list, although this is certainly interesting. Thanks for sharing your knowledge.

    • ferginarg lm profile image

      ferginarg lm 5 years ago

      I enjoyed this as well, thanks for this information, hopefully if I ever need to use any of these kinds of skills it's out of choice rather than necessity! :-)

    • profile image

      hftm69 5 years ago

      Whow this was very useful, I have learn a lot there, thanks.

    • jejoju profile image

      jejoju 5 years ago

      I love this lens too! Thank you! I am primitive and I have learnt something.

    • CNelson01 profile image

      Chuck Nelson 5 years ago from California

      Camping but with tent and stove.

    • profile image

      anonymous 5 years ago

      i love your lens again. i have tried making fire a lot of times. some more primitive skills i am capable of doing would be making ladle with bamboo stick and coconut husk, spoons out of bamboos; cooking rice using bamboo as the cooking medium; i think i know more...

    • profile image

      Bartukas 5 years ago

      Nice lens thank you keep writing

    • DrBillSmithWriter profile image

      William Leverne Smith 5 years ago from Hollister, MO

      Always been fascinated by them; have yet to spend much time actually doing any. Thanks for a very interesting lens! ;-)

    • profile image

      anonymous 5 years ago

      What a great collection of skills! I especially enjoyed seeing the wide range of different things you use to make cordage.

    • LouisaDembul profile image

      LouisaDembul 5 years ago

      I once went camping on a mountain for a couple of weeks to learn how to make things from the birch bark, or the part just inside it actually. I made a nice bag, which I believe is still around somewhere. It was so interesting, and we only used knives to cut the bark, no other tools.

    • LouisaDembul profile image

      LouisaDembul 5 years ago

      I once went camping on a mountain for a couple of weeks to learn how to make things from the birch bark, or the part just inside it actually. I made a nice bag, which I believe is still around somewhere. It was so interesting, and we only used knives to cut the bark, no other tools.

    • fugeecat lm profile image

      fugeecat lm 5 years ago

      Learning how to start a fire is something I really would like to know how to do. Its one of those things that I don't think I'll ever need to know how to do, but if I ever do need to know I'd reall be happy to have done it.

    • profile image

      anonymous 5 years ago

      Wow Really interesting Lens!

    • JEMArtistry profile image

      JEMArtistry 5 years ago

      Great Information! Thanks for sharing all this. :)

    • mary lighthouse15 profile image

      mary lighthouse15 5 years ago

      Great lens!

    • kevingomes13 lm profile image

      kevingomes13 lm 5 years ago

      Great lens. What a good read.

    • rob-hemphill profile image

      Rob Hemphill 5 years ago from Ireland

      You are a natural when it comes to techniques in the wilderness, another very interesting lens, thanks for sharing.

    • TTMall profile image

      TTMall 5 years ago

      I always like reading lens like this :)

    • razeitup profile image

      razeitup 5 years ago

      Well, i don't get out to the wilderness much anymore. Closest thing is watching episodes of survivorman and the fish'n channel. lol good lens

    • Roze LM profile image

      Roze LM 5 years ago

      Thank you again! Wonderful lens!

    • kathysart profile image

      kathysart 5 years ago

      My husband makes cords from a tree found by the rivers in Kauai, HI. He would love this! Beautiful lens.. angel blessed.

    • greenmind profile image

      FCM 5 years ago from USA

      great lens -- lots of really good ideas here. Thanks!

    • profile image

      anonymous 5 years ago

      cool skills

    • profile image

      Bellwood-Antiques 5 years ago

      I don't know if my last one came through, but any way I really think that you have done a great job on this lens. It lets people appreciate the things that one can use when you really need them in the outdoors. 5 STARS

    • profile image

      Bellwood-Antiques 5 years ago

      This is a great lens!!!! I really like the way you have broke it down for us, and simplified way yo use what god has given us. Thanks for the inspiration. Five Stars

    • profile image

      JZinoBodyArt 5 years ago

      Epic lens! There's a ton of really good information here!

    • archetekt lm profile image

      archetekt lm 5 years ago

      Wow, what a great lens! I haven't seen one before focused on this topic. I have tried most of the skills listed above, especially brain tanning deer hides, wild edible plants, making cordage out of nettles, and flint knapping. that fire hole is a new one on me.

    • Elric22 profile image

      Elric22 5 years ago

      Great content. Useful stuff for the next camping trip.

    • profile image

      oakstreet 5 years ago

      Very interesting len and I like the waterproof idea the new recipes for fired potatoes with eggs. Great len and I "like" it.

    • profile image

      anonymous 5 years ago

      What an interesting Lens, I really enjoyed it. Long ago I live for two years in the Highlands of New Guinea, an learned about finding wild plants to eat.

    • Einar A profile image
      Author

      Einar A 5 years ago

      @goo2eyes lm: Oh, thanks for catching that mistake...fixed it!

      Yes, you can start a fire by concentrating light when it shines through a glass bottle, much the way you can with a magnifying glass, and the same technique can be used with ice, too, shaping and melting a lens until it can concentrate the sunlight and ignite your tinder!

    • goo2eyes lm profile image

      goo2eyes lm 5 years ago

      thank you for your survival tips. if i have a glass bottle filled with h20 in the wilds, i can also use it to make fire. i knew this technique from our science class in hs. i know you are in a hurry, please put L on light (Primitive lamps and ighting). squid angel blessings.

    • profile image

      jardeeq 5 years ago

      wow you really got good shelter there

    • profile image

      1malao33 5 years ago

      to be honest, i hate the outdoors. but I now know how to make it a little better. Thanks! Great lens!

    • Wednesday-Elf profile image

      Wednesday-Elf 5 years ago from Savannah, Georgia

      What a fascinating collection of crafts and skills found in the wilderness. Now I can see how the early settlers managed in a primitive landscape. Terrific photos.

    • profile image

      anonymous 5 years ago

      Hello

      Are you interested to sell this lense? I would offer you $500 for it if you do.

      JJ

    • Anthony Altorenna profile image

      Anthony Altorenna 5 years ago from Connecticut

      This is a very interesting and informative lens, and it is great to see how you are keeping old traditions and technologies alive. Nicely done.

    • jwcooney profile image

      jwcooney 5 years ago

      Wow, very interesting lens! The waterproof tinder pellets are such a neat idea.

    • Mahogany LM profile image

      Mahogany LM 5 years ago

      Interesting lens! I'll probably not put these skills to use, but it was great reading about these useful tidbits :).

    • profile image

      CarlittoDunaway 5 years ago

      Every kid should learn at least some of these skills. You can never know when you will need them.

    • hntrssthmpsn profile image

      hntrssthmpsn 5 years ago

      This is such a cool lens! I'm an avid camper and backpacker, and my son is most emphatically NOT. Perhaps a few of these challenges might help him have as much fun as I do on our next camping trip!

    • profile image

      hotbostonprops 5 years ago

      This lens makes me want to run out in the woods right now. Thanks for sharing

    • norma-holt profile image

      norma-holt 5 years ago

      Congrats on LOTD and it is truly and awesome beautiful lens. Learned heaps along the way. Blessed and featured on Blessed by Skiesgreen, Squidoo LOTD Lenses 2 and also on Motivation. Well done, hugs

    • TShirtFrank profile image

      TShirtFrank 5 years ago

      Awesome lens! I will definitely be favoriting and checking back!

    • tarpius profile image

      tarpius 5 years ago

      This is a great lens. I Love camping and mountain travel back then when I'm in college. And the hardest thing to do is making a fire with a minimum tool. Great great lens.

    • profile image

      anonymous 5 years ago

      I have to be honest I haven't tried anything lately, but you have some really good ideas, I loved the way aboriginals in Australia use to catch fish, there was a special plant they used to stun the fish, and they reached in the water took what they wanted and after a while the rest of the fish revived and went on about their business, I'm lucky if I can even catch one on a fishing rod, I loved reading this

    • RhondaAlbom profile image

      Rhonda Albom 5 years ago from New Zealand

      Really interesting and different lens. Well done. Blessed.

    • I-sparkle profile image

      I-sparkle 5 years ago

      Enjoyed this lens tremendously. Has to be some of the most unique and creatively written pieces that I have seen in years. Congratulations on a well deserved purple star!

    • RomanaSwan profile image

      RomanaSwan 5 years ago

      Everybody should possess some of these skills. Just in case...

    • LaraineRoses profile image

      Laraine Sims 5 years ago from Lake Country, B.C.

      You'd be a handy person to have around if lost while hiking in unfamiliar territory.

      Angel blessed.

    • profile image

      vikwill 5 years ago

      Thanks for lens. I hope to apply some tips in my Southern California wilderness trips.

    • Einar A profile image
      Author

      Einar A 5 years ago

      @VSP: Thank you! I'm glad you're finding the lens useful and educational, and hope others will, too.

    • profile image

      kbrown 5 years ago

      Great Lens and congratulations for a well deserved LOTD.

    • VSP profile image

      VSP 5 years ago

      Great lens. Will be posting it on http://www.facebook.com/HomeschoolPreschoolthruHig... later this week.

    • profile image

      anonymous 5 years ago

      because of you're uniqueness of your article, *blessed* it!

    • Anahid LM profile image

      Anahid LM 5 years ago

      hi congratulations for the lotd. great information all the best. Anna

    • Linda Pogue profile image

      Linda Pogue 5 years ago from Missouri

      These are such important skills. Thanks for sharing. Congrats on LOTD. Blessings.

    • Einar A profile image
      Author

      Einar A 5 years ago

      Thank you all so very much for your kind comments, likes and blessings--I'm glad this lens has proven interesting and useful to folks!

    • SusanDeppner profile image

      Susan Deppner 5 years ago from Arkansas USA

      I haven't tried many. Okay, probably not any. But what a great guide when I'm ready to get adventurous and give it a try! Congrats on your LotD!

    • CoeGurl profile image

      CoeGurl 5 years ago from USA

      Fascinating and essential information - thanks! And congrats on LOTD!

    • Einar A profile image
      Author

      Einar A 5 years ago

      @RawBill1: Yes, there are so many overlooked and nutritious plants that can be added to one's diet, if you just know where to look! Thanks for visiting the lens.

    • Einar A profile image
      Author

      Einar A 5 years ago

      @WaynesWorld LM: Interesting story about your timber platform sinking down through the snow and smoldering...you've got to be careful of the same thing with a hot coal bed, or your blanket/sleeping bag can start smoldering, and that is not good!

      Glad you enjoyed the lens; I have done a bit of survival instructing in the past--it's good to get out there and work with people who are interested in picking up the skills.

    • Diana Wenzel profile image

      Renaissance Woman 5 years ago from Colorado

      Congrats on LotD! I truly enjoy learning wilderness skills and crafting things from found objects. Very nicely done.

    • PoetFlow profile image

      PoetFlow 5 years ago

      Very interesting read! I've always been an out-doors sorta girl - not to mention the fact that I enjoy making useful things from natural materials. Some of these tips I already knew (like the fire-making without matches and the basket carving). A lot of it had me feeling I was reading a written version of Bear Grylls' TV series :-) ... I guess if I ever get stuck in the wilderness (highly unlikely!) I will be sufficiently equipped haha.

    • deckdesign profile image

      deckdesign 5 years ago

      Great tips on surviving in the wild and living off the land. I also really enjoyed your pictures. They really help tell the story.

    • KimGiancaterino profile image

      KimGiancaterino 5 years ago

      Very interesting ... congratulations on LOTD!

    • profile image

      miaponzo 5 years ago

      These are GREAT!!!! Wow.. thanks!... this could really come in handy some day! Blessed!

    • TheGourmetCoffe profile image

      TheGourmetCoffe 5 years ago

      Very interesting lens, brought memories of family camping trips where we would apply basic skills to learn how to survive and enjoy nature. Thank you for sharing your insights!

    • mrwrkathm lm profile image

      mrwrkathm lm 5 years ago

      What a great lens; you have put a lot of work into it. It is wonderful to keep the old methods alive - the knowledge might save someone's life one day. All the best to you!.

    • WaynesWorld LM profile image

      WaynesWorld LM 5 years ago

      @WaynesWorld LM: I nearly forgot, for the Boy Scout weekend my mom packed me a roast complete with veggies in tinfoil, she also packed me some marshmallows for cooking over the fire for dessert. Unfortunately I failed to open the packages to see which was which and put the tinfoil of marshmallows in the embers thinking that was my supper... duh!

    • WaynesWorld LM profile image

      WaynesWorld LM 5 years ago

      I remember spending a winter weekend in the woods as a Boy Scout; we tried a few things. A couple of the boys did the "place wood timbers over your campfire after it has died down to the glowing embers", extremely interesting because it did indeed put off plenty of warmth, so much so that the snow melted and the wood sank down and started smoldering. Luckily only their pride was hurt.

      *

      My step-grampa was a conservation officer in northwest Iowa for many years and he showed me how to hunt morel mushrooms. They are so tricky, their season is so quick that they can be grown and past picking in just a day or two.

      *

      Nice lens, I bet you'd have a waiting list if you ever decided to do weekend "survival skill training".

    • Shorebirdie profile image

      Shorebirdie 5 years ago from San Diego, CA

      I like the candle you made. I might try that.

    • DanielGlynn profile image

      DanielGlynn 5 years ago

      Great lens! Thanks for the useful information.

    • profile image

      Dreamscaper8 5 years ago

      Wow, those wooden spoons in the last picture are awesome! My boyfriend loves the woods and making things out of what he finds there. I'll have to show him this article :)

    • Einar A profile image
      Author

      Einar A 5 years ago

      @anonymous: Tipi, thank you for your kind words. Glad this lens could provide you with a little time away from it all. I felt the same about your Caving Pictures lens--a quiet little trip down under the ground where I love to be.

    • profile image

      andyrew912 5 years ago

      Awesome! I know these things will come in handy one of these days...

    • kTerrain1 profile image

      kTerrain1 5 years ago

      I agree with yosefb. This is a fantastic lens; I book marked it and plan on trying out several of the things you show here! Thanks!

    • profile image

      yosefb 5 years ago

      this is cool

    • ClassyGals profile image

      Cynthia Davis 5 years ago from Pittsburgh

      Very interesting primitive skills and crafts you've shared with us. Angel Blessings**

    • profile image

      anonymous 5 years ago

      great lens, very informative. thanks