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Qatar: Oil, Pearls, Sadhew Carpets, & Om Ali

Updated on December 18, 2015

Want to know more about Qatar? Are you a lover of travel, geography teacher, homeschooling or involved parent, student, or life-long learner? In an effort to make world geography more meaningful and memorable, I've compiled all you will need to locate Qatar on a map, cook a Qatari meal, watch YouTube clips on Qatar, color the flag, create a Qatari craft, read a great book about Qatar, and more! This is part of a series of lessons I did with my family while studying various countries from around the world. You can see them all at Around the World in 26 Letters .


Where is Qatar?

Locate Qatar on this map of Asia. Use this map of Qatar to label the capitol, Doha. Mark other relevant features (rivers, mountains, famous locations, etc.) if desired. If you'd like to spend a bit more time researching the country, you can add the language, currency, type of government, religion, and/or famous landmarks. Write them on the back of the map. You can easily find all this information at

Image credit:
Image credit:

Fun Facts About Qatar

Qatar is one of the wealthiest in the world due mainly to its oil and natural gas reserves.

Recent excavations have shown that Qatar had a flourish civilization during the period of 5th-4th millennium BC and even traded goods with the people in present-day Iraq.

For centuries, Qatar's main source of wealth was pearling and fishing. At one time, Qataris owned nearly 1/3 of the Persian Gulf fishing fleet. In the early 1900s, Japan's cultured-pearl industry caused a sharp decline in Qatar's pearling industry.

Qatar's Flag

Print and color the flag of Qatar and learn the history and meaning of it from Flag_of_Qatar .

Qatari meal

Prepare and serve Makloubeh, a salad of chopped tomatoes and cucumbers, pita bread (store-bought), hummus (store-bought), hot sweetened tea (you can add mint, milk, and/or cardamom if you like), and Om Ali. Be sure to NOT use utensils for your main meal. Use the pita bread to scoop up/pinch the Makloubeh, salad, and hummus. Use only your right hand for eating. You can use a spoon for the Om Ali.



If you can get whole wheat, Al Harees would be another good main dish option as it is also a popular dish in Qatar.

Prep time: 10 min
Cook time: 30 min
Ready in: 40 min
Yields: 6-8


  • 1 large head of cauliflower
  • 2 lb. cubed beef or lamb meat or chicken
  • salt and pepper
  • oil for frying
  • 1 tsp. allspice
  • 3 1/2 c. beef broth
  • 2 tbsp. pine nuts
  • 1 large chopped onion
  • 1/8 tsp. cinnamon
  • 2 c. rice
  • 1/2 c. toasted sliced almonds or pine nuts (for garnish)
  • plain yogurt (for serving)


  1. Break the cauliflower into medium-size flowerets. Sprinkle with salt and pepper. Fry in deep, hot oil until golden brown. Drain on paper towels. In a 4-quart pot, sauté onion and meat. Cover meat with cauliflower, allspice, cinnamon, and then rice. Add broth to cover the rice. Bring to boil and then lower heat. Cook on low heat until done, about 25 minutes. Let cool for 1/2 hour, then turn pot upside down in a large platter and garnish with toasted pine nuts or almonds. Serve with yogurt.
  2. VARIATION: Follow directions for cauliflower, replacing 2 large eggplants for cauliflower. Peel eggplants, slice 1/2 inch thick, sprinkle with salt and let drain for 1/2 hour. Squeeze water off of eggplant and fry in hot oil until golden brown. Drain over paper towels. (This recipe came from
Cast your vote for Makloubeh (Beef/lamb, cauliflower, and rice)
Om Ali
Om Ali

Om Ali

This is quite similar to bread pudding with raisins, coconut, & nuts.

Prep time: 30 min
Cook time: 5 min
Ready in: 35 min
Yields: 6-8


  • 1/2 (17.5 ounce) package thawed frozen puff pastry sheets OR 4 large croissants
  • 1 1/4 cup chopped nuts (any mixture of walnuts or pecans and/or hazelnuts)
  • 1/2 cup raisins
  • 1/2 cup flaked coconut
  • 3/4 + 1/8 cups sugar (divided)
  • 2 cups milk
  • 1/2 cup heavy cream


  1. Preheat oven to 400F. Place the pastry sheets on a baking sheet and bake for 15 minutes or until the top layer turns crunchy and golden. Alternatively, simply use 4 large croissants. Break cooked pastry or croissants into pieces. Preheat the oven broiler. In a bowl, combine nuts, raisins, coconut and 1/8 cup sugar and mix into pastry mixture. Spread mixture evenly in a 9x9 inch dish that has been sprayed with non-stick spray. Bring milk and 1/4 cup sugar to a boil in a medium saucepan over medium heat and then pour it over the nut mixture. Beat the heavy cream with the remaining 1/2 cup sugar until stiff peaks form. Spread evenly over nut mixture in dish. Place dessert under oven broiler until top is golden brown, about 10 minutes. Serve hot. (This recipe came from
Image credit:
Image credit:

Paint a sadhew carpet

Sadhew weaving is a traditional Bedouin craft, and is a traditional art of Qatar. Strands of camel, goat or sheep hair is wrapped around a hand-held wooden “nool” or spindle, with which the weaver spins the wool around until it becomes a thread. The wool is then died with traditional the traditional colors of red and black. The weaver uses a loom to weave the wool into carpets, tents and cushions. View various sadhew designs and then paint a sadhew design on paper to make a “woven” carpet.

Our Favorite Children's Book About Qatar

Hamda and Fisaikra (English)
Hamda and Fisaikra (English)

This is a Cinderella-type fairy tale from Qatar.


Pray for the people of Qatar

To find out about the religious nature of Oman and specific ways you can pray for the country, go to

Visiting Qatar on YouTube

Qatar is the only country that begins with the letter Q.

Have you been to Qatar?

See results

Ready to visit another country?


Go to around-the-world-in-26-letters to find links to all the countries we "visited." Each webpage features a menu, craft, books, video clips, worksheets, and more!

© 2011 iijuan12

What first comes to mind when you think of Qatar? - Please leave a note to let me know you dropped by. I LOVE hearing from you!

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    • smithlights profile image

      smithlights 5 years ago

      Great lens! I can't wait to read your other lenses.

    • profile image

      miaponzo 6 years ago

      Hmm.. interesting information :) The real lowdown is: Sadu (sedoo) is how it's pronounced :) I just took a course in it.. it's a typical bedouin weaving method..and it's amazing! So cool of you to mention it here! :) Qatar is a lovely country.. just starting to grow into a really developed nation :) Blessed!