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Top 5 Rarest Animals in the World

Updated on May 15, 2013

World's Rarest and Most Endangered animals

Endangered, rare, precious, hunted, traded, no matter what you say, these animals have the least chances of survival of all the creature's on earth. They are at the verge of extinction. This is the list of the 5 rarest and most endangered animals in the world.

Iberian Lynx

Iberian Lynx: World's rarest cat
Iberian Lynx: World's rarest cat

Iberian Lynx: The rarest cat

The Iberian Lynx is the rarest cat species in the world today. Once found all over Spain and Portugal, the Iberian Lynx is now limited to Andalusia, Spain. The Iberian lynx is smaller than other lynx species and measures about 80 to 110 cm long, stands 60-70 cm tall and weighs about 12.9 kg.

With decreasing habitat, declining numbers of rabbits which are its main prey and illegal hunting, the Iberian Lynx is at the verge of extinction. Studies done in 2005 showed that only 400 lynx existed in the area. After wide conservation projects initiated by the Spanish Government, it is hoped that the conditions will improve for this beautiful cat.

Red wolf

Red wolf: Rarest wolf in the world
Red wolf: Rarest wolf in the world

Red Wolf: The rarest wolf in the World

The Red wolf is one of the most endangered species in the world. Red wolves are one of the two species of wolves in the world and is at the verge of extinction. The red wolf is smaller than the grey wolf with 4.5-5.5 ft long, around 26 inches tall, and weighs 50-80 pounds.

In 1973, the red wolf was declared endangered and by 1980 it was officially declared extinct in the wild. Thanks to an extensive breeding program, there are currently 100 red wolves alive in the world. Habitat loss, severe weather, deaths by motor vehicles and illegal hunting are the threats facing the red wolves.

Pygmy Tarsier, rarest primate in the world

Pygmy tarsier, rarest primate in the world
Pygmy tarsier, rarest primate in the world

Pygmy Tarsier: The rarest primate in the World

The pygmy tarsier or the mountain tarsier is the rarest primate in the world. Occurring in Sulawesi in Indonesia, the pygmy tarsier was thought to have become extinct in the early 20th century until in 2008, four pygmy tarsiers were found by a research team.

This weird and strange animal is 90-105 mm and weighs less than 2 ounces. The pygmy tarsiers are the only carnivorous primates (insectivorous, to be precise). It is nocturnal (active at night) and spends most of the day sleeping on branches.

Baiji, Chinese River Dolphin

Baiji, Chinese river dolphin
Baiji, Chinese river dolphin

Baiji: Chinese River Dolphin

The Baiji, or the Chinese River Dolphin is a freshwater dolphin found only in the Yangtze River in China. The population of Baiji declined dramatically after the industrial growth of China and the use of rivers for transportation and fishing. In 2006, after the failure of an expedition to find a Baiji in the river, it was declared extinct. But in April 2007, a Chinese Businessman caught a Baiji in his digital camera to show the world that there is still some chance to save this beautiful creature.

Nicknamed "Goddess of the Yangtze", the Baiji is very close to extinction as there are only about 13 living specimen left.

Pinta Island Tortoise: The rarest animal on Earth

The rarest animal on earth is the Pinta Island tortoise with only a single living specimen. Meet George, the only living Pinta island Tortoise. The Pinta Island Tortoise was thought to be extinct until the 1960s when a specimen was discovered by rangers in Galapagos Islands. It was named George. George is 90 years old and weighs 198 pounds and is at the Charles Darwin Research station in Galapagos. Poor lonesome George has no mate and the Charles Darwin Research Station has announced a reward of $10,000 for anyone who finds a female for George. So start your search. May be the next Pinta Island Tortoise is waiting for you.

Pinta Island Tortoise: Rarest animal in the world

Lonesome George: Rarest animal in the world
Lonesome George: Rarest animal in the world

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    • profile image

      abhiram 8 months ago

      much helpful for quizes

    • profile image

      Loman Rutherford 3 years ago

      This is awesome I want the little monkey like one because it looks cool

    • anasshad profile image
      Author

      Anas Shad 5 years ago from Pakistan

      I don't think we can regain those lost precious treasures of our planet. The only thing we can do is to learn from the past and conserve what we have.

    • profile image

      reeyaz 5 years ago

      i wish we can regain the lost species and stop the rare animals from being extinct!!!

    • profile image

      melo19 5 years ago

      great page!keep up the good work!:)

    • profile image

      Roohi Khan 5 years ago from India

      Very interesting! Never knew these animals existed.

    • GrepoTWPlayer profile image

      GrepoTWPlayer 5 years ago from Ireland

      interesting about george.been doing a bit about george myself lately and find it sad he is probably one of a kind.

    • anasshad profile image
      Author

      Anas Shad 5 years ago from Pakistan

      thanks for paying a visit. :)

    • anasshad profile image
      Author

      Anas Shad 5 years ago from Pakistan

      Yes that is so sadly true.

    • pinappu profile image

      pinappu 5 years ago from India

      The pygmy tersier thing is so cute!

      Nice article voted up.

    • Kevin Schmelzlen profile image

      Kevin Schmelzlen 5 years ago from Julian, CA

      It is too bad that these beautiful animals have become so critically endangered. Humans have become far too complex for the world, and the rest of the earth's inhabitants are paying for it.

    • anasshad profile image
      Author

      Anas Shad 5 years ago from Pakistan

      Reptiles are not only the most amazing creatures of our planet but also an integral part of the delicate system. Their loss can also threaten our own existence.

      This is what we need to understand about every creature we are about to lose.

    • natures47friend profile image

      natures47friend 5 years ago from Sunny Art Deco Napier, New Zealand.

      What about cloning George in a way with female chromosomes. There has been so much genetic research happening.

      Wonderful hub. I think we need more info on rare and endangered species. Parts of the world that are getting drier and warmer find that amphibians are the first to go extinct. Climate change and global warming play a part in this too.

    • profile image

      Ciao 5 years ago

      Poor old gorge!!!

    • anasshad profile image
      Author

      Anas Shad 5 years ago from Pakistan

      Good luck Goldie. I will definitely gonna try out your videos.

    • GmaGoldie profile image

      Kelly Kline Burnett 5 years ago from Madison, Wisconsin

      anasshad,

      I love, love animals! What a treasure of a Hub. When I teach group fitness and also when I coach for personal training, I find the animals are helpful. The animals I wish to tie into my YouTube videos someday-wish me luck!

    • anasshad profile image
      Author

      Anas Shad 5 years ago from Pakistan

      Thank you.

    • misspeachesx profile image

      misspeachesx 5 years ago from Northeast, Washington

      Definitely. Nonetheless, excellent hub!

    • anasshad profile image
      Author

      Anas Shad 5 years ago from Pakistan

      It is the darker side of human beings Miss Peachesx.

    • misspeachesx profile image

      misspeachesx 5 years ago from Northeast, Washington

      I don't know about everyone else, but reading this hub really broke my heart. For humans being one of the most intelligent animals on the planet, we sure can be heartless and ignorant enough to hunt/trap/whatever species to extinction.

      I do find it odd that the Charles Darwin Research Station is only offering a $10,000 reward. Don't you think the last living female of this species would be worth so much more?

    • anasshad profile image
      Author

      Anas Shad 5 years ago from Pakistan

      Yes it is very sad that we humans don't care about these beautiful creatures. Thanks for paying a visit and appreciating my efforts Stacie. Hope to see more of your visits

    • Stacie L profile image

      Stacie L 5 years ago

      This is very informative and sad. people are ignorant and don't think about other living beings as having any value.

      More awareness is needed so post stories like this to keep others informed.voted up.

    • anasshad profile image
      Author

      Anas Shad 5 years ago from Pakistan

      Thanks Seeker. Thanks for liking my work. Yes its a shame that with all our power and abilities we have failed to keep this nature's true beauty. I hope my work can contribute to this great cause.

    • Seeker7 profile image

      Helen Murphy Howell 5 years ago from Fife, Scotland

      This hub is awesome! These animals are so beautiful and what an disatrous loss to our planet and a mark of shame to humanity if they are lost forever!

      The more excellent writers like yourself, highlight the plight of our wild life to the world, the greater chance they will have of surviving.

      Excellent hub. Voted up + awesome!

    • anasshad profile image
      Author

      Anas Shad 5 years ago from Pakistan

      Thanks for liking the info Kerlynb. We should know that the world is not only our home. It is also the only home of these beautiful creatures and it is our duty to save them.

      Hope to see more of your Visits. Thanks again.

    • kerlynb profile image

      kerlynb 5 years ago from Philippines, Southeast Asia, Earth ^_^

      Voted your hub interesting. Great work! Hopefully through your hub people would be more civic-conscious in terms of protecting endangered animals.

      We do have tarsiers in the Philippines but I guess they are not the pygmy tarsiers you talked about in this hub. Tarsiers are so gentle and very small. They're really fragile.