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Types of Research Methods

Updated on September 4, 2014

Research Definition

What is research?

The general perspective of research is that some scientists taking part in laboratory testing or presenting the results in scientific discovery to the world-actually this was my view of research when I was young.

Simply speaking the purpose of research is to find a solution to a particular type of problem or showing the problem a direction towards solution or putting some light in the unknown areas of knowledge for your enlightenment to that particular area of knowledge-thus research actually help us to understand our reality more clearly as well as help us to enjoy better living standard. So, research is kind of a project to find out some answers or solutions for a particular area-research is kind of project because every project has its scope of work, time-line and resources, that’s why you may easily interrelate research work with a project-in fact every research work works on based on a well-devised project plan.

How Research Works?

Like every system of this world, research also follow certain rules and take the help of certain organized procedures in order to get the intended result. In a word, a research works on its methods to serve its true purpose in any area of the knowledge domains. So, for working of a research project, you need to approach your study area in a systematic way, which is also recognized and familiar with the rest of the world-what I mean by this is that your research method must be recognized by all over the world or at least by the majority of the scientific community.

What is the value of Research?

1. Every research works either identify new opportunities for us or give us novel ideas.

2. Research helps us to diagnosing any known problems or opportunities;

3. Help us to establish a standard of taking action on any chosen area of the knowledge domain.

4. Evaluate and develop the current technologies and systems.

Types and Methods of Research

Every Research needs lots of dedication from the researcher’s part-the amount of dedication mainly depends on the subject matter of the research. Before undertaking any research in any subject areas one must be sure about the intended purpose of the research-this purpose determines what type of research one is going to undertake. Any scientific research may fall into the following three broadly categories:

Exploratory research-This type of research may generate any novel idea in the domain of knowledge. It is primarily done for the purpose of finding anything new in any subject arena and always tries to shed some light in the unknown domain of knowledge. This kind of research also

Help us to generate new discipline in sciences and help us to identify problems of those particular research areas.

Constructive research- This is mainly done by many technological corporates in order to find new/alternative solutions to any particular crisis or problems. For example-renewable energy research or development of the capacity of optical fiber may fall into this category of research.

Empirical research-This is very impressive observational type of research, where one observes or test on real-life data or analysis the pattern of some specific events in order to identify the nature or the class of trend that specific phenomenon maintains. Based on the test result, researchers try to draw lines in order to predict the result of that type of incidents with certain level of confidence.

empirical research source-wikipedia
empirical research source-wikipedia

To undertake the above mentioned types of research, there can be a number of ways or approaches that one researcher may follow-this is called research methods. Actually, research method is a procedure to help you find the required data to draw conclusion or make some predictable results on similar types of experiments or incidents –no matter where or when or what extent that particular incident is happening. In other words, research method is a way of collecting inputs and finding the outputs, to conduct your research successfully.

As a research method you can choose one of the following or a combination:

Experiments-this is used in exploratory type research. What types of experiments necessary depends on the research topic. This is very time consuming and expensive type of research method.

Surveys-this is used in empirical or exploratory type of research, usually used in business studies. You can use questionnaires or even interview some specific group of people to get your research result.

Observation – observational data can be recorded in order to find empirical relationship between different parameters of your research. One disadvantage of this type of research is that it is very time-consuming and expensive method.

Existing data-this type of research is done on the available data to find any findings or patterns in the data. This is the most effortless, time-saving and less-expensive type of research, but to carry out this type of research researchers need to be extra careful in order to find the real findings out of the existing data-a slight mistake can lead you to wrong direction-waste of time.so, the accuracy of this type of research mainly depends on the experience of the researchers, but it has the advantage of give you some important clue about any novel findings.

In social science the two most popular forms of research methods are: quantitative and qualitative research. Research methods in different knowledge domain may vary and also can be known as with

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    • Obscure Divine profile image

      Obscure Divine 7 years ago

      I usually research through "self awareness;" the other research methods also work well, but only if one doesn't get too caught up in the upcoming android movement - that we need to be steering clear from. Speaking of that, I detest the whole "man mimics machine" concept, but that only comes with too much mechanical research... :D

    • andromida profile image
      Author

      syras mamun 7 years ago

      Thank you,Obscure Divine, I guess you use the best methods for research.In fact all the research methods were designed based on the awareness of the effective and how self awareness always supply the best feed back for developing any plan-not only in case of research but almost in anything.:)

    • dohn121 profile image

      dohn121 7 years ago from Hudson Valley, New York

      It's my belief that our schooling tries very hard to prepare us for the "real world" despite what some of us believe. Research certainly holds much truth in this. Research is the pursuit of knowledge of an unknown. Due to the fact that I'm back in sales, research is certainly important--namely knowing my competition. Thank you so much for pointing out virtually all of the important aspects of research.

      I hope you're well, my friend.

      Dohn

    • andromida profile image
      Author

      syras mamun 7 years ago

      Dohn-Thank you my friend.Sure,knowing the competitor is key,even can work as a model for anyone to design his own marketing campaign.Welcome back Dohn :)

    • Lady_E profile image

      Elena 7 years ago from London, UK

      Thanks for this Hub. Research is important to everyone in life - in various ways. I find doing research by Surveys the most interesting.

      I think most of the very successful businesses we have in the world today have spent a lot of time and money in research and used the results in a very effective way. I'm glad I read this - it brought to mind a few things I need to action (research-wise)

      Best Wishes.

    • andromida profile image
      Author

      syras mamun 7 years ago

      Thank you Lady_E-survey based research is very interesting-its very effective method of research for market analysis,even I found it works well in designing technical training courses :)

    • wrenfrost56 profile image

      wrenfrost56 7 years ago from U.K.

      Great hub andromida, once again well written and an unusual subject, well covered. :)

    • andromida profile image
      Author

      syras mamun 7 years ago

      Thanks my friend wren. I love research,so excited about it that I am planning for a research degree :)

    • prettydarkhorse profile image

      prettydarkhorse 7 years ago from US

      I rated this up, I used to be a university researcher so I appreciate this much, Maita

    • andromida profile image
      Author

      syras mamun 7 years ago

      Hi Maita,thank you so much for the rating.Hope to learn more about research from you and your hubs :)

    • AuspiciousKea profile image

      AuspiciousKea 6 years ago from Alameda, California

      Excellent post. I referenced it in a Hub I made about conducting surveys to help readers get familiar with different methods. Thanks for the great reference.

    • andromida profile image
      Author

      syras mamun 6 years ago

      @auspiciouskea-thank you so much for your comment and giving my hub a reference link :)

    • Teshome Habte profile image

      Teshome Habte 6 years ago from Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

      Dear Friend’s

      Research is very crucial is to be all events and activities to make evidence based and makes maximum analytical power and also facilitates to achieve individual and organizational goal.

      thank you

    • andromida profile image
      Author

      syras mamun 6 years ago

      Thank you so much for adding valuable insights about research.

    • profile image

      SL gal 6 years ago

      thank you so much!!!

    • profile image

      frank 6 years ago

      thanks men.that wonderful

    • profile image

      Moses 6 years ago

      Hi guys,help me,I want a method for E-government topic for public Administration course,except survey as my lecture doubt this one for this course,as I am an IT programmer by profession.I want this degree of PA

    • andromida profile image
      Author

      syras mamun 6 years ago

      Hi-Do you want any research topic on E-governmnet.If it is so then you can take a look at how internal and external risks affect the implementation and success of e-governance.Thanks.

    • sriparna profile image

      sriparna 6 years ago from New Delhi

      A very good hub indeed and presents a fresh way of getting into the basics of research. Currently I am looking for a good research question for my IB Diploma student, who will be writing a Chemistry essay based on it, and this hub caught my eye.

      Yes, a good research is based on a sharply focused research question. Once one is certain about the specific problem, he/she is one step ahead towards finding the solution. Also, in case of using existing data, one must question the validity of the data used, not all sources are authentic, hence as you had mentioned the researcher might go off-track and produce inaccurate results.

      Research on any subject will trigger a person's critical and creative thinking, power of analysing, evaluating and concluding apart from collecting the data and having appropriate skills to carry out any particular methodology. It will activate all the higher level thinking skills of the researcher - a very good exrecise to keep the brain cells active.

      Thank you for sharing!

    • andromida profile image
      Author

      syras mamun 6 years ago

      Questioning the validity of date is another great way to solidify research findings.Moreover, being involved in research, let it be fundamental or analytical-is a fun too.thanks a lot :)

    • profile image

      Rangaswamy 6 years ago

      it is very useful subject to be studied.

    • profile image

      sumithra.s (sociology student) 6 years ago

      very very thankyou for your use full help.we want this service.i say thank you also our student.

    • profile image

      Hafeez uddin 6 years ago

      according to the types discuss above I am wonder that where should i place applied research and basic research. Can any one help me to understand it??

    • andromida profile image
      Author

      syras mamun 6 years ago

      @Hafeez-Applied research has direct application in real life-this falls under constructive research and I think by saying "basic research" you wanted to mean fundamental research the explore or try to find any novel ideas-this can be exploratory type research.Thanking you.

    • profile image

      Dr.Tajwar sultana 6 years ago

      By the grace of ALLAH This is really wonderful approach towards research and development.

    • sunchild28 profile image

      sunchild28 6 years ago from Nigeria

      Great hub andromida,i enjoyed reading this episode of your writing and am looking forward for another .

    • andromida profile image
      Author

      syras mamun 5 years ago

      @sunchild-thank you so much for your feedback.

    • profile image

      charles 5 years ago

      the information is of but i need more of it..

    • airie profile image

      airie 5 years ago from Davao City

      I really love research, this is why I am here, thank you guys I learn a lot of things from you all...thanks also for this hub...

    • profile image

      beatrice rodanne bayoneta 5 years ago

      like it

    • profile image

      R keerthivasan 5 years ago

      i really like the resarch because this all document and whatever its running to all time.

    • profile image

      Balcha Berhanu 5 years ago

      Well, I like to do reseach because there are many health problems that has to be researched. However, my serious problem is funding. I have a lot to do that can contribute on the mitigation of health problems usually existing commonly in developing countries.

    • profile image

      bhandari 5 years ago

      dear friends

      i did not get the meaning of non-empirical research.please! post about this matter in depth.

    • andromida profile image
      Author

      syras mamun 5 years ago

      @bhandari-Non-empirical research means the kind of research which does not fall into the category of empirical research,such as exploratory and constructive research.

    • profile image

      Princess Obot 5 years ago

      Sorry there are so many types of Research Method but I only got just 3 pls I need more. Thanks

    • profile image

      k. sampath 5 years ago

      Well written and informative article

    • profile image

      lennypeter_com@yahoo.com 5 years ago

      Researh is the descipline which enable people to define the world and its content

    • profile image

      sheebadhineshkumar 5 years ago

      i always finding something related about research etc etc but i got few things...off course i had learn more...but i need more

    • profile image

      tororeis@yahoo.com 5 years ago

      Research is a lot of fun and adventure. Thanks to you guys.

    • profile image

      UK MBAISE 5 years ago

      Love your basic research would love to share more of your wisdom in the future because without research there will be nothing to hold on in this world.

    • profile image

      Teshome 5 years ago

      Good things here!!!!!!!!

    • profile image

      gly 5 years ago

      sk ..what is the references of this hub autor andromida

    • andromida profile image
      Author

      syras mamun 5 years ago

      @gly: Can you please rephrase that what you mean by 'references'.Thank you.

    • profile image

      djamila 5 years ago

      thank you soo mutch

    • profile image

      Natividad Estobanes 5 years ago

      December 09, 2011

      Thank you very much for the educational knowledge I learned from your principle of research methods. Keep on sharing it for the good of humanity.

      In Christ Jesus;

      srnaty_estobanes@yahoo.com

    • profile image

      esbat ebrahimi 5 years ago

      Thank you. it is very good. I could learn somethings from it but please give the reference of them. by

    • profile image

      Soud Tengah 5 years ago

      Many thanks for sharing the information in a precise and clarity way. Many perceive research as a rocky issue, this include myself then but I believe the insight from your column has change these.

    • profile image

      Tyger 5 years ago

      I found this hub to be quite informative and it helped me a lot with my homework on research.

    • andromida profile image
      Author

      syras mamun 5 years ago

      @djamila @Natividad @esbat ebrahimi @Soud Tengah @Tyger

      I am glad to hear that this hub helped you.In future, I will publish some sample of my research-and put that link in this article- so as you can get some basic idea on how to re-search a topic.Thank you all.

    • profile image

      hagos 5 years ago

      i am fear to research.it is defficult for me

    • profile image

      Suleiman Usman 5 years ago

      Anytime I engaged myself on Research my knowledge increases and it also keep me busy, "I Love Research"

    • profile image

      myrna 5 years ago

      hi pls help what is alternative research plsplspls. I need to pass it on saturday. thanks

    • andromida profile image
      Author

      syras mamun 5 years ago

      @myrna: you can find some info about alternative research at:http://www.integrity-research.com/cms/about/altern...

      Thanks.

    • profile image

      john peter 5 years ago

      thanks it was very usefull to me am afraid of research

    • profile image

      Effat Nur 5 years ago

      Research is very interesting and some times very boring. It helps to find out the fact and sometimes find out just act... So we should be very careful.

    • profile image

      Khalid 5 years ago

      Hi Respected all.

      Please any one have a E-book/Soft about "Social Scinces Research/Research Methodology then please email me on "mr.khalidusman@gmail.com"

      i shell be very thankfull to you.

    • profile image

      Oluwole 5 years ago

      I lov dis site.

    • profile image

      happiness nwachukwu 5 years ago

      its good to know some aspects of research i usually find disturbing is a piece of cake,thanks for providing this information.

    • profile image

      elisapeh@gmail.com 5 years ago

      I like advice on "how do you research organizations and individuals prior to meetings" ASAP. Please revert to my email address at elisapeh@gmail.com. SPEEDY REPLY IS VERY, VERY, VERY MUCH APPRECIATED. TQ

    • profile image

      Pule 4 years ago

      Help pls-type of research design and which textbooks can i find them-1st time i do research at unisa.tnx in advance

    • profile image

      Dr. M. I. Bazza 4 years ago

      The fact that the world is full of unknowns and undiscovered facts brought about research in management so that researchers can make more inquiries into the unknown and undiscovered facts. Dr. M. I. Bazza - Maiduguri Nigeria

    • profile image

      AMJAD HAMADNEH 4 years ago

      Thank you so much for adding valuable things to me , it is very useful subject to be studied.

    • profile image

      Sabuj Bhowmick 4 years ago

      wao thanks for such type of research related topics.

    • profile image

      Thadeus Patrick 4 years ago

      The lesson is very interested to me. Thanks a lot

    • profile image

      gem cas 4 years ago

      its nice to study

    • profile image

      sara 4 years ago

      How many types of research are there? unlimited, six, three or four???

    • profile image

      Andrew 4 years ago

      thanks but i want research types by methods

    • profile image

      Ahmed Mukhtiar Shar 4 years ago

      it is a creative work, summarized systematically...l.

    • profile image

      i lov 4 years ago

      i love research and its finding

    • profile image

      frank uganda 4 years ago

      you great men and women 4 such ideas, to me you have done your best to inform the world through research.

    • profile image

      ugly blue 3 years ago

      Hersh

    • profile image

      ojoo James -Uganda. 3 years ago

      Encouraging work!!! This kind of innovation has led the whole world out off the mess to where we are today.This is great and remarkable.Keep on.

    • profile image

      brightson 2 years ago

      I really like to come with the hyphothesis about something and try with all means to use researching methods to get the answers

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