- Education and Science
Types of Research Methods
What is research?
The general perspective of research is that some scientists taking part in laboratory testing or presenting the results in scientific discovery to the world-actually this was my view of research when I was young.
Simply speaking the purpose of research is to find a solution to a particular type of problem or showing the problem a direction towards solution or putting some light in the unknown areas of knowledge for your enlightenment to that particular area of knowledge-thus research actually help us to understand our reality more clearly as well as help us to enjoy better living standard. So, research is kind of a project to find out some answers or solutions for a particular area-research is kind of project because every project has its scope of work, time-line and resources, that’s why you may easily interrelate research work with a project-in fact every research work works on based on a well-devised project plan.
How Research Works?
Like every system of this world, research also follow certain rules and take the help of certain organized procedures in order to get the intended result. In a word, a research works on its methods to serve its true purpose in any area of the knowledge domains. So, for working of a research project, you need to approach your study area in a systematic way, which is also recognized and familiar with the rest of the world-what I mean by this is that your research method must be recognized by all over the world or at least by the majority of the scientific community.
What is the value of Research?
1. Every research works either identify new opportunities for us or give us novel ideas.
2. Research helps us to diagnosing any known problems or opportunities;
3. Help us to establish a standard of taking action on any chosen area of the knowledge domain.
4. Evaluate and develop the current technologies and systems.
Types and Methods of Research
Every Research needs lots of dedication from the researcher’s part-the amount of dedication mainly depends on the subject matter of the research. Before undertaking any research in any subject areas one must be sure about the intended purpose of the research-this purpose determines what type of research one is going to undertake. Any scientific research may fall into the following three broadly categories:
Exploratory research-This type of research may generate any novel idea in the domain of knowledge. It is primarily done for the purpose of finding anything new in any subject arena and always tries to shed some light in the unknown domain of knowledge. This kind of research also
Help us to generate new discipline in sciences and help us to identify problems of those particular research areas.
Constructive research- This is mainly done by many technological corporates in order to find new/alternative solutions to any particular crisis or problems. For example-renewable energy research or development of the capacity of optical fiber may fall into this category of research.
Empirical research-This is very impressive observational type of research, where one observes or test on real-life data or analysis the pattern of some specific events in order to identify the nature or the class of trend that specific phenomenon maintains. Based on the test result, researchers try to draw lines in order to predict the result of that type of incidents with certain level of confidence.
To undertake the above mentioned types of research, there can be a number of ways or approaches that one researcher may follow-this is called research methods. Actually, research method is a procedure to help you find the required data to draw conclusion or make some predictable results on similar types of experiments or incidents –no matter where or when or what extent that particular incident is happening. In other words, research method is a way of collecting inputs and finding the outputs, to conduct your research successfully.
As a research method you can choose one of the following or a combination:
Experiments-this is used in exploratory type research. What types of experiments necessary depends on the research topic. This is very time consuming and expensive type of research method.
Surveys-this is used in empirical or exploratory type of research, usually used in business studies. You can use questionnaires or even interview some specific group of people to get your research result.
Observation – observational data can be recorded in order to find empirical relationship between different parameters of your research. One disadvantage of this type of research is that it is very time-consuming and expensive method.
Existing data-this type of research is done on the available data to find any findings or patterns in the data. This is the most effortless, time-saving and less-expensive type of research, but to carry out this type of research researchers need to be extra careful in order to find the real findings out of the existing data-a slight mistake can lead you to wrong direction-waste of time.so, the accuracy of this type of research mainly depends on the experience of the researchers, but it has the advantage of give you some important clue about any novel findings.
In social science the two most popular forms of research methods are: quantitative and qualitative research. Research methods in different knowledge domain may vary and also can be known as with