Hip Old Roses for Sustainable Landscaping
Easy to Grow Old Antique and Heirloom Roses
Old and Antique Roses are making a big come back as homeowners want to grow attractive, low maintenance, sustainable rose bushes to add to their landscape. Many of the old varieties of roses have survived, unattended for years in cemeteries and on old homesteads all through the United States. Both native roses and old roses will continue to bloom fragrant flowers for years with little or no care.
These plants are being rediscovered and propagated by rose societies and also by Texas A&M University Agriculture System who has launched the "EarthKind" list of hardy, low maintenance, disease and insect resistant roses. Photographs, names and descriptions, growing tips and information about old, antique and EarthKind Roses can be found in this lens.
You CAN Grow Roses in a Sustainable Landscape
Old and Antique Roses are the New Rage!
Believe it or not, you can grow roses in a sustainable garden. Many old or antique roses and native roses are low maintenance, require no pesticides or frequent watering.
Texas A&M University Agriculture System has been conducting a hardiness study of many kinds of roses. In the study they plant many rose varieties out in a field in the hot Texas sun. Once they are established, the roses are left on their own and receive no watering, spraying or pruning. It's sink or swim for them. After 3 years, the ones that survive are designated "EarthKind" Roses. These roses possess the high level of landscape performance coupled with outstanding disease and insect tolerance and resistance required for this special designation. Very few (if any) of these trademarked EarthKind roses are hybrids. Almost all of them fall into the old rose category. These rose cultivars retain the resilience and fortitude that was programmed by nature.
Rose Hip of Cherokee Rose
This means that these roses will not require the use of harmful pesticides or fungicides so they are perfect for sustainable and eco-friendly landscaping. Unlike modern, hybrid roses, these beauties do not require hours of devoted attention. Old rose varieties will give the rose loving homeowner a rest from heavy fertilizing, spraying and nurturing that their hybrid cousins demand. Some old roses prefer a minimum amount of pruning. Many specimens were found living on their own in old cemeteries and home sites, untouched by human hands for years.
The new modern hybrids were bred for the size and shape of the individual flower, with little or no attention to the shape or form of the bush, so frequent pruning is necessary to make them look nice. Old roses have a natural beauty of form, a quality which does not diminish over the years. The colors of old roses are a little more muted that the more showy hybrids, but we prefer the soft pinks, yellows, whites and beautiful reds of the older varieties. And the fragrance of the old roses beats the modern hybrids, hands down.
Many of the old roses also have interesting foliage and colorful hips. These hips are a source of vitamin C and are quite delicious in tea, jelly and many other foods. Rose petals are also edible and have been used in aromatherapy for hundreds of years.
References: Chamblee's Rose Nursery and the Antique Rose Emporium. Both offer free catalogs which contain valuable information about old roses and their care.
EarthKind Rose Types
Mairie Daly - pink double blooms from April through November; mature HxW: 3'-4' x 3'- 4'; Category: Polyantha
The Fairy - light pink semi-double blooms from April through November; mature HxW: 2'-4' x 4'; Category: Polyantha
Caldwell Pink - Lilac Pink double blooms from May - November; mature HxW: 3'-4' x 3'; Category: China
Perle d'Or - Apricot Yellow, semi-double blooms from April-November; Mature HxW: 3'-6' x 3'-4'; Category: Polyantha
Belinda's Dream - Pink, semi-double blooms from April-November; Mature HxW: 3'-6' x 3'-4'; Category: shrub
Carefree Beauty - Pink double blooms from April-November; Mature HxW: 4'-5' x 4'-5'; Category: shrub
Ducher - Pure white double blooms from April-November; Mature HxW: 3'-5' x 3'-4'; Category: China
Duchesse de Brabant - Rose pink semi-double blooms from April-November; Mature HxW: 4'-6 x 4'; Category: Tea
Else Poulsen - Pink single blooms from April-November; mature HxW: 3'-5' x 3'-4'; Category: Floribunda
Georgetown Tea - Pink blend double blooms from April- November; Mature HxW: 3'-5' x 4'; Category: Tea
Knock Out - Cherry red single blooms from April-November; Mature HxW: 3'-6' x 3'-6'; Category: Shrub
La Marne - Pink/White semi-double blooms from April-November; Mature HxW: 4'-6' x 4'-5'; Category: Polyantha
Mme. Antoine Mari - Pink Blend double blooms from April-November; Mature HxW: 3'-5' x 4'; Category: Tea
Souvenir de St. Anne's - Light Pink single blooms from April-November; Mature HxW: 3'-4' x 2'-3'; Category: Bourbon
Mutabilis - Yellow/Pink/Orange single blooms from April-November; Mature HxW: 4'-10' x 6'; Category: China
Climbing Pinkie - Rose Pink semi-double blooms from April-November; Mature HxW: 8'-12' x 6'; Category: Climbing Polyantha
New Dawn - Blush Pink semi-double blooms from April-November; Mature HxW: 15'-20 x 8'-20'; Category: Shrub
Sea Foam - Creamy White double blooms from April-November; Mature HxW: 2'-8 x 4'; Category: Shrub
Hardy Roses: Growing Frost Free and Disease Resistant Varieties
EarthKind Environmental Practices
- Practice enlightened methods of bed preparation prior to planting flowers and woody plants.
- Get your soil tested. Contact your local County Agricultural Ectension Office for more information..
- Base choice of fertilizer on current soil test..
- Ensure 50 percent of nitrogen is in the slow-release (controlled release) form..
- Based on soil test, eliminate unnecessary, environmentally detrimental nutrients. That is, only add what your soil test says that you need..
- Practice year-round mulching using organic materials, preferably those that are on-hand..
- Practice good irrigation, using drip irrigation whenever possible and making use of on-site water..
- Change programming of overall irrigation system from automatic to manual..
- Modify irrigation system so that turf areas and landscape beds are in separate irrigation zones..
- Water thoroughly, but less frequently..
- Dramatically reduce pesticide usage by using it only as a last resort..
Growing Old-fashioned Roses
Many of the photos seen here can be purchased in Naturegirl7's Zazzle Shop as print-on-demand products such as posters, cards, apparel, mugs, etc.
Hardy and Old Roses That We Grow
Louis Phillipe - Fragrant Crimson red double blooms from April-November; Mature: 3 to 5 feet, China Rose
Noisette Roses - Cottage Rose that could be Champneys' Pink Cluster or Blush Noisette - pink semi-double blooms from April-November; Mature: 4 to 8 feet
Cherokee Rose - White single flowers in spring followed by large golden hips; This climbing rose from China has naturalized all over Southeastern Louisiana; Mature 5 to 15+ feet.
The Fairy - Light pink semi-double clusters blooming from April-November; Mature HxW: 2'-4' x 4'; Category: Polyantha and EarthKind
Uknown Found Near Jessie's Cabin
Jessie's Rose - Found near Coushatta, La on an abandoned homesite. Unknown very fragrant purplish-pink draping bush Rose that could be a form of Swamp Rose (Rosa palustris scandens) or "Maggie" (William C. Welch, Heirloom Plants of the South) It blooms in spring.
Old Red Rose
Duchess de Brabant - Fragrant Light Pink repeat blooms from April to November; Mature: 4 to 6 feet; Tea Rose and EarthKind
Caldwell Pink - Pink blend clusters repeat bloom from April to November; Mature: 3 to 4 feet, found Rose and EarthKind
Unknown Hardy Red Rose - Very fragrant, deep red double rose that was on the property which blooms from April to November; bright red rose-hips
Small red cluster that I got at Albertson's 25 years ago. It is probably Happy, a polyantha Rose, Currant red tiny semidouble blooms from April-November. Mature: 2 to 3 feet.
Native Carolina Rose
Carolina Rose (Rosa Carolina)- single pink flowered shrub that grows in groups and is seldom over 3 feet tall.
Swamp Rose (Rosa palustris) - More leggy shrub rose with pinkish-purple semi-double fragrant flowers.
Old Roses for Warm Gardens
Do you think you may want to try growing old-fashioned roses?
England's Historic Treasures
In the Language of Fowers
During Victorian times young ladies and gentlemen made bouquets called "tussie mussies" which used the "language of flowers" to express their feelings about another. In 1884, Kate Greenaway published, "Kate Greenaway's Language of Flowers". It is a remarkably complete listing of flowers, with their symbolic meaning, made more remarkable by Greenaway's illustrations. The following is an excerpt from Kate Greenaway's Language of Flowers.
The Rose in the symbolic meanings of flowers:
Rose, Austrian...Thou art all that is lovely.
Rose, Bridal... Happy love.
Rose, Burgundy... Unconscious beauty.
Rose, Cabbage... Ambassador of love.
Rose, Campion... Only deserve my love.
Rose, Carolina... Love is dangerous.
Rose, China... Beauty always new.
Rose, Christmas... Tranquillize my anxiety.
Rose, Daily... Thy smile I aspire to.
Rose, Damask... Brilliant complexion.
Rose, Deep Red... Bashful shame.
Rose, Dog... Pleasure and pain.
Rose, Guelder... Winter, Age.
Rose, Hundred-leaved... Pride.
Rose, Japan... Beauty is your only attraction.
Rose, Maiden Blush... If you love me, you will find it out.
Rose, Mundi... Variety.
Rose, Musk... Capricious beauty.
Rose, Musk, Cluster... Charming.
Rose, Single... Simplicity.
Rose, Thornless... Early attachment.
Rose, unique... Call me not beautiful.
Rose, white... I am worthy of you.
Rose, white (withered)... Transient impressions.
Rose, Yellow... Decrease of love. Jealously.
Rose, York and Lancaster... War.
Rose, Full-blown, placed over two Buds... Secrecy.
Rose, White and Red together... Unity.
Roses, Crown of... Reward of virtue.
Rosebud, Red... Pure and lovely.
Rosebud, White... Girlhood.
Rosebud, Moss... Confession of love.
Knock Out Roses Video - One of the EarthKind Roses
Double Knockout Rose
The Fairy Mug
Old and Wild Roses on Zazzle
Relax in your rose garden while drinking rose hip tea from an old rose mug designed by naturegirl7.
Duchess de Brabant
Antique Roses Are Sustainable
Most old roses will thrive without synthetic pesticides and/or fertilizer. Organic fertilizer like rabbit food in pellet forms and well rotten manure and other natural methods will keep these roses healthy and disease free.
Miniature Rose Plants - If you only have a windowsill or patio
Heirloom Roses YouTube vid
© 2008 Yvonne L B