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Sami - Sapmi a people in the north

Updated on February 9, 2015

Sapmi is the proper name for Sami or Laplanders

Original people of the north. A story worth telling.

The Laplanders are Scandinavia's aboriginal people. They were nomads who wandered freely over all of Scandinavia with their reindeer herds. They brought their own culture, traditions and language.

Today they live in Sweden, Norway, Finland and Russia.

More info about Sweden here:Sweden - Headquaters


Scroll down for photos! The costumes on this photo are from JUKKAS

Where do they live?

The estimated number of Sami is 50,000-75,000. Of these 15,000-20,000 live in Sweden, 30,000-50,000 in Norway, 4,000-5,000 in Finland and about 2,000 in Russia.

During the last few decades there has been a significant emigration of Sami from the traditional Sami areas, which means that many Sami today live outside this area. About 20% of the Sami in Sweden live outside the districts of Norrbotten, Västerbotten and Jämtland.

The Sami of Northern Europe (First Peoples)
The Sami of Northern Europe (First Peoples)

Describes the history, modern and traditional cultural practices and economies, geographic background, and ongoing oppression and struggles of the Sami.

 

The Sami of Northern Europe

The geography of the people's homeland-the climate, the landforms, the flora and fauna, and so forth-is elaborated on, with a focus on how strong an influence environment has on their lives. Other topics include the history, economy, culture, and lifestyles of the group today.

The story of the Sapmi

Originally the Sami made their living by fishing and hunting. It is likely that domesticated reindeer had been kept for a long time, as draught and pack animals as well as for milking and to entice wild reindeer when hunting them. During the 17th and 18th centuries reindeer husbandry was developed and the domesticated reindeer became the foundation of Sami livelihood.

Today only about 10% of the Sami in Sweden make a living by reindeer herding (between 2,300 and 2,700 persons). Nevertheless reindeer herding is considered a fundamental part of the Sami culture and according to Swedish law can only be carried on by Sami. Before the Sami culture was incorporated into the Swedish society, the Sami lived in small units (the sijdda) with limited cooperation between them and without a uniting institution or symbol. Despite this, the Sami have maintained a strong ethnic identity, even though already several hundred years ago they were formally incorporated in the social structures of their respective countries.

From the 1950s the Sami society has gone through a revolutionary development. In just a few decades the scattered Sami population has developed a collective identity, a uniting network and a political sense of belonging. Today the Sami consider themselves one people with a common origin. The area where the Sami live and traditionally have lived is considered a Sami nation and is called Sápmi. In each of the Nordic countries today there is a Sami parliament, the purpose of which is to increase the Sami participation and influence in the democratic process.

Info from www.fjallen.nu - scroll down for the link

Sami People: Traditions in Transitions

This volume is perhaps the only one written from the Sámi perspective that is available in English. Beautifully illustrated with color photos, historic maps and illustrations, The Sámi People situates the Sámi within a modern context with a rich appreciation of their ancient history. Color photographs juxtapose "traditional" Sámi dress and lifestyle with modern art and handicrafts demonstrating how the Sámi have interpreted twenty-first century life.

Hundreds of dead animals

Almost 300 rein deers drowned when the ice on the lake Kutjaure Jokkmok, broke.

These deers have been crossing the lake for many years, the Sapmi rein deer owners, carefully checked the thickness before they allowed the 3000 aimal herd to cross. For unknown reason, the deers that had already reachd the opposite side started to turn back again. They caused panic in the herd and the ice caved in.

Now the debate is going on where to bury all these animals.

The owners economy has suffered so much and the terrible feeling of helpnessless watching the scared animals will remain in their minds.

Mari Boine Persen sings beautiful Sami song - She has more songs posted on Youtube

Book about Sami people in northern Europe - 5 stars!

Not only has Virginia Mattson-Schultz included charts and explanations of the foreign terms you will need in many different languages of Northern Europe, but she has also listed the most helpful web sites and places to begin your search. The author comments, "Since many Sami-Americans are not aware of their ethnic background, I talk about sorting out the Sami identity from the identity of the countries in which they live; however, it is my hope that my book will be a help for anyone researching family in the north of these particular countries."

Far Northern Connections: Researching Your Sami (and Other) Ancestors in Northern Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Russia
Far Northern Connections: Researching Your Sami (and Other) Ancestors in Northern Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Russia

Are you just beginning to research your Northern European roots? Perhaps you are just now discovering that your family may have been Sami? This complete book will get you started on your journey to uncover your ancestors from the far North.

 

National anthem of the Sapmi - With beautiful photos

The national day for the Sapmi is February 6

The joint flag dates back to 1986. It was then that it was approved by the Nordic Sami Council at a conference in Ãre. The flag was designed by Astrid BÃ¥hl from Skibotn in Norway, and neither the colours nor the symbols are there by chance.

The circle is a symbol for both the sun and the moon. The sun circle is red and the moon circle is blue. The flag's colours - red, blue, green and yellow - are the same as in the traditional Sami costume, the kolt.

Sámediggi/Sametinget,

17th of May 2009 is election day for the Sapmi. Every 4th year it is election. There were very few changes after this election.

The Sami Parliament in Sweden was established in 1993 as a publicly elected body and a state authority, with the overall task of working to achieve a living Sami culture. The Sami Parliament is not a body for self-government. The publicly elected component comprises 31 members who meet three times a year in the Plenary Assembly. Only the President is a full-time employee of the Parliament.

The Hunting and Fishing Sami is the largest political party in the Sami Assembly. Democracy and equality are central themes in our party programme. This means that we aim for a Sami society where all are treated equally and where basic human rights are respected. This includes the right to speak your language, the right to work in all aspects of the Sami economy and the right to retain and strengthen cultural traditions.

The Sami people are however treated differently depending on whether or not they own reindeer and are members of the local economic association (Sameby). Membership brings privileges and economic opportunities that are denied other Sami. The Sameby system was set up by the Swedish state during the 20th century and the organisations that exist today were created in 1971. The state gives members the certain rights, rights which are not shared by other Sami.

The association and it's members may:

1. Run reindeer business and own reindeer

2. Hunt and fish in areas where reindeer business is active (25% of Sweden's surface area)

3. Take any wood for household needs

4. Take out timber for constructing own building

5. Build anywhere, when in conjunction with reindeer business

6. Use vehicles anywhere, when in conjunction with reindeer business

7. Receive funding from special Sami Fund

8. Receive up to 95% funding from EU

9. Collects ca 90% of all economic funding paid out by Sami Assembly and the Swedish state

Sami food - a project starting now

Pawel Garski Alamy
Pawel Garski Alamy

The Swedish government has descided to pay 1,5 milion SEK to make the Sami food known. We will learn all from produce and cooking. One aim is to increese the interest for Samil food in the schools too.

Eskil Erlandsson, the minister of country regions, say that Sami Food is not like anything else. Sweden is an international country and it is only right to teach about Sami food also.

photo Pawel Garski Alamy

Sami and the wind mills

a problem

Today, Sept 2008 the first wind mills are erected by Swevind, on the land where the Sami need to bring their rein deers over the winter. The windmills will be followed by many more. There will eventually be 1000 up and running.

Our Samis have had access to the land for their rein deers for centuries. It is even in the law that they have this vast land to let lose their animals on.

Now the land owners and power suppliers want to put up many wind mills on this very land. This will create a problem first at the construction and later about who is allowed to use the land now.

During the construktion time there will be about 400 kilometers of new roads built, where about 200 000 full loaded trucks will drive in estimated 10 years! The rain deer owners will not be able to use that land all that time.

Later when the issue about who will use the land, the sami has a demand to be paid a cost like rental. This problem is not solved yet. The request is now with the authoroties in the Swedish government.

Reindeer Management

The management of reindeer herds in northernmost Europe has been dramatically altered by changes in the environment, largely the result of human activities. This volume investigates the conditions upon which human-reindeer relations have been based, as well as those necessary for future reindeer management.

Reindeer Management in Northernmost Europe: Linking Practical and Scientific Knowledge in Social-Ecological Systems (Ecological Studies)
Reindeer Management in Northernmost Europe: Linking Practical and Scientific Knowledge in Social-Ecological Systems (Ecological Studies)

The results of process-oriented field and laboratory studies by scientists are efficaciously supported by those from research involving herders and their experience-based knowledge. In Northern Fennoscandia and Northwest Russia the issue is not just the conservation of the natural environment of reindeer, but also the survival of the Sámi, the northern indigenous people who herd them.

 

The 7th of February - the National day of the Sapmi

In many places all over Sweden, Norway and Finland, the Sapmi Sami people were celebrating their national day on February the 7th.

In Stockholm there was a marked where hand craft was sold and bought.

There was also a list passed along for the Swedish government to return the remainings of dead ones in the past. Now they are kept in Museum and the Sami want to transfer the bones to a Sapmi Museum called Ãjtte Museum

A minority people

swedish travel guide

The experiences of the Sami are not unlike those of many other ethnic groups who today live within different national borders. It is difficult to point to the first time when the contact between the growing national state and the indigenous people took place. The Sami and Scandinavians have had contact and benefited from this relationship during a long time. Compared with other indigenous peoples, the Sami today enjoy a strong position.

Sweden is a democratic state that respects basic human rights. The Sami have the same rights as the rest of the population in Sweden and continue to live in the areas they have traditionally used, even though the land for the traditional way of life is shrinking because of the exploitation of raw materials, industrialization and other such uses.

However, the Sami face difficulties as a minority people in a majority society. On a structural level the legal position of the Sami has weakened throughout history and the possibilities of affecting their own life situation has continually decreased.

The Sami are the indigenous people of Sweden. This means that they lived here before Sweden established its national boundaries. The Swedish Parliament has also acknowledged the Sami as indigenous people. Indigenous people are defined as people who are descended from ethnic groups who lived in the country at the time present-day national borders were established and who totally or partially have maintained their social, economic, cultural and political institutions. The deciding factor is not whether these people have historically lived in a certain area longer than others. The fact that their social and cultural situation is special is of greater importance.

Sofia Jannok - singing in Sami language

Jazzy pop from a Sapmi girl.

The critic is so positive and the reviewers really commending her.

The name of her new record is "Ãssogattis - By the embers"

She can sing in many languages but likes the Sapmi since childhood.

This summer Sofia Jannok is touring in Sweden and Europe.

Lapland gift shop on line - Buy a very special gift

Cloudberry Jam with Cognac

Sami carvings

Gifts

SMS from Soppero by Ann-Helén Laestadius

book that won a prize

SMS from Sopperi is a lovely warm story about a girl that lives with her Mother in Solna, close to Stockholm. One day she suddenly gets a SMS from a boy in the Sapmi language.

The message is:

Hej, din kusin Kristin visade en bild på dig och jag var tvungen att skicka ett sms. Hörde att du kommer upp snart. Då kanske vi ses. H.

That is like: Hi, your cousine Kristin showed me a photo of you and I had to send a SMS. Heard that you will come up soon. May be we can meet. H.

H stands for Henrik

Order the book here

If you can understand Swedish here is where you can get this lovely book. The bok got a prize for best book in a competition called: How it is to be a young sapmi today.

Ann-Helén Laestadius

National Minorities of Finland, The Sámi

Written for Virtual Finland by Frank Horn, professor

The Sámi

The Sámi are an indigenous people living in Finland, Sweden, Norway and Russia. Known widely in the past as Lapps, the term "Lapp" is now considered derogatory by many Sámi. The Sámi have their own language, of which there are several variations, and their own culture, way of life and identity. Common history, traditions, livelihoods and customs unite the Sámi living in different countries. In total, they number 75,000 to 100,000. It is estimated that the current number of Sámi in Finland is about 7,500 or 0.15% of the population of Finland. The majority of them, some 4,000 persons, still live in their native area, known as the Sámi Homeland (Sámiid ruovttuguovlu), which is constituted by the three northernmost municipalities in the Province of Lapland, namely Utsjoki, Inari, and Enontekiö plus the northern part of the municipality of Sodankylä. Only in Utsjoki do they constitute a majority of the local residents. Overall, the Sámi constitute approximately one third of the residents within the Sámi Homeland. This area is of relevance for the implementation of the Sámi Language Act as well as the Act on the Sámi Parliament.

Continue reading here:

About Sami in Finland

A link to a Sami/Swedish company for Jeans - They will do a special test

For 6 months they will have Sami people use their jeans to see where they will be weared.

Sami Drum

Sami Drum
Sami Drum

Link to information about Sami and sami drums

The drum may be decorated with various symbols of the divine and the mundane, in a certain pattern for each shaman, and as a part of its use they put a ring of brass or silver on the skin, drum, and do divination from how the ring moves over the skin.

Nordic Religions in the Viking Age (The Middle Ages Series)
Nordic Religions in the Viking Age (The Middle Ages Series)

Here is some information about the Sami drums, the noidi and samis

 

Read about the Sapmi´s - 5 stars for all of them!

The Sami of Northern Europe (First Peoples)
The Sami of Northern Europe (First Peoples)

Describes the history, modern and traditional cultural practices and economies, geographic background, and ongoing oppression and struggles of the Sami.

The geography of the people's homeland-the climate, the landforms, the flora and fauna, and so forth-is elaborated on, with a focus on how strong an influence environment has on their lives. Other topics include the history, economy, culture, and lifestyles of the group today. Each topic is discussed on a spread that features colorful, engaging, and well-selected photographs.

 
God Wears Many Skins: Myth And Folklore Of The Sami People
God Wears Many Skins: Myth And Folklore Of The Sami People

A spiritual resource for sustainable living, this poem records the creation story of the Sami, a nomadic people of Northern Europe, and then retells several Scandinavian folk-tales derived from their playfully animistic world view.

 

A new Swedish Movie - VARG

Meaning Wolf in English

I just have to tell you that a new movie is made in Sweden. It is about the Sápmi on the border between Sweden and Norway and the dilemma they have about killing a Wolf or not. It is really a current event of killing of a wolf in Sweden. The Sapmis are defending their reindeers.

The movie is still in Swedish and Sápmi language but I will inform you when it is relieced in English too. The Critics say it is a very serious and trustworhy movie.

Karin Baer, a Sapmi woman here on a foto.

Sapmi you tube - Different sami videos

Democracy in Sápmi - The Sami Parliament

Beautiful pictures from northern Norway

Read more about the Sápmi - Links to information

swedish travel guide

Intuitive - Here is the book you mentioned! - thank you

Something about them really impressed me, like a long forgotten memory. Last year I read an interesting travel book that really gave me a good picture of the modern life of the Sami. It's called The Palace of the Snow Queen: Winter Travels in Lapland by Barbara Sjoholm.

Please tell me what you like about this lens - I enjoyed making it

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    • seraphic profile image

      Seraph 2 years ago from Canada

      Thank-you for writing about the Sami. Recently I have discovered that I am descended from the Sami so I wrote an article on them and cited your article (I linked to you). I hope you do not mind; it would be kind if you would do the same (link to mine). This way we both rise in importance in the search engine. Thank-you for writing, it is wonderful to learn about ancestors.

    • Lynn Klobuchar profile image

      Lynn Klobuchar 3 years ago from Minneapolis, Minnesota

      Very interesting. I think my relative emigrated mainly from southern Sweden, but I have always been fascinated with the Sápmi.

    • WriterJanis2 profile image

      WriterJanis2 3 years ago

      Thank you for a brilliant introduction to these people.

    • profile image

      LadyDuck 4 years ago

      This is a very interesting story, I knew nothing of these people. Beautiful photos.

    • aesta1 profile image

      Mary Norton 5 years ago from Ontario, Canada

      This is really interesting. My first time to hear of these people.

    • profile image

      Aunt-Mollie 5 years ago

      Hugely interesting! The pictures of the native costumes are gorgeous. They should sell clothing on Ebay.

    • Heidi Vincent profile image

      Heidi Vincent 5 years ago from GRENADA

      I never heard of the Sapmi people before so this was quite educational. I liked the music and the idea of the government to promote their food.

    • profile image

      anonymous 5 years ago

      Lots of interesting things to follow up on. The Sami costume is fascinating.

    • profile image

      inspirationz 5 years ago

      wonderfully informative :) thank you!

    • Kailua-KonaGirl profile image

      June Parker 5 years ago from New York

      Wonderful lens! I love visiting other countries from my armchair and learning about their history & customs. *Squid Angel Blessed* and added to "My Squid Angel Blessings for 2012" in the "Culture & Society » History" neighborhood.

    • Demaw profile image

      Demaw 5 years ago

      Quite a lot of information on these interesting people.

    • profile image

      JoshK47 5 years ago

      Quite an interesting read, indeed - thank you very much for sharing! Blessed by a SquidAngel!

    • PamelaU profile image

      PamelaU 5 years ago

      Great lens! Lapland is on my to-do list.

    • norma-holt profile image

      norma-holt 5 years ago

      Back with a blessing for this wonderful tribute lens to a lovely people. Featured on Blessed by Skiesgreen 2012 and also on Australia from Its Beginning. Hugs

    • profile image

      anonymous 5 years ago

      I must have not been an angel when I was here before because I certainly would have blessed this wonderful gem....no time like the present!

    • Einar A profile image

      Einar A 5 years ago

      Thank you for this fascinating lens about the history of the Sami people. I am especially interested in their ancient crafts and use of bone, antler and wood to make so many of the things they needed.

    • fugeecat lm profile image

      fugeecat lm 6 years ago

      This was a really interesting read for me. I didn't know anything about these people.

    • rangiiria profile image

      rangiiria 6 years ago

      This is a great lens I'm always fascinated with people and their traditions.

    • dahlia369 profile image

      dahlia369 6 years ago

      History and traditions, well worth preserving! Nicely done lens & great resource. ***Angel blessed*** :)

    • profile image

      pawpaw911 6 years ago

      Very interesting lens. Neat history.

    • ajgodinho profile image

      Anthony Godinho 6 years ago from Ontario, Canada

      This is a very interesting and well-presented lens on Scandinavia's aboriginal people. Learned something new today...blessed! :)

    • ChrisDay LM profile image

      ChrisDay LM 6 years ago

      This is a really great lens. I have spent a few days among these lovely people (at -36 degrees!).

    • Blackspaniel1 profile image

      Blackspaniel1 6 years ago

      Very nice lens

    • MargoPArrowsmith profile image

      MargoPArrowsmith 6 years ago

      Lovely lens, so much I didn't know

    • BestRatedStuff profile image

      BestRatedStuff 6 years ago

      I had a Sami girl from Finland in my school, but did not really know much about the culture. She sort of looked a bit like Sofia Jannok. I enjoyed this lens, thanks.

    • Stazjia profile image

      Carol Fisher 6 years ago from Warminster, Wiltshire, UK

      I never knew Laplanders were called Sami or much about them at all until I read this really interesting page. Blessed.

    • Philippians468 profile image

      Philippians468 6 years ago

      have always been captivated by different cultures all over the world, you have a lovely lens! cheers

    • CathyLou LM profile image

      CathyLou LM 6 years ago

      Wow! This lens is very interesting and informative. I enjoyed reading it.

    • Jhangora LM profile image

      Jhangora LM 6 years ago

      I am interested in Anthropology and really liked this Lens. The bright traditional dresses are fantastic. Will be back to hear Sami music.

    • Virginia Allain profile image

      Virginia Allain 6 years ago from Central Florida

      Fifty years ago in school, I first heard about the reindeer herders. Such a unique people and you have showcased them well. Blessed.

    • profile image

      RinchenChodron 6 years ago

      Some place prior to 1703 my ancestors came from Scandinavia - they were Vikings who came via the ocean to the Isle of Man. I've FAV'd this lens. I learned a lot here. Thanks

    • profile image

      anonymous 6 years ago

      Very interesting lens on the Sapmi people.

    • profile image

      anonymous 7 years ago

      So interesting, and I love the art on that drum and the youtube video of Sofia, so beautiful. Thanks!

    • profile image

      anonymous 7 years ago

      Fascinating an d beautifully done. Congratulations on your Purple Star on this. I am full blooded Finn, so really of interest to me.

    • piedromolinero profile image

      piedromolinero 7 years ago

      A very nice and informative lens. Currently I am listening to Sofia Jannok and I like the music.

      Wow, I have seen the temperature difference between Gallivare and Cyprus is almost 50 degrees Celsius. brrrrr...

    • jptanabe profile image

      Jennifer P Tanabe 7 years ago from Red Hook, NY

      Lovely lens! I especially enjoyed the song by Sofia Jannok.

    • jimmielanley profile image

      Jimmie Lanley 7 years ago from Memphis, TN, USA

      I am always interested in ethnic groups -- their cultures, dress, foods, etc. Thanks for being the VERY FIRST person to visit my new Math Poetry lens!

    • profile image

      reasonablerobby 7 years ago

      What a fascinating and informative lens, really enjoyed reading this!

    • profile image

      anonymous 7 years ago

      Lovely story about the Sami people, the culture and the struggle to make themselves known. Hope the ancient culture and best traditions are preserved.

    • indigoj profile image

      Indigo Janson 7 years ago from UK

      How interesting to learn about the unique culture of the Sami people. Although sad to read about the incident with all those reindeer drowning -- was this recent? I hope they can continue to preserve their lifestyle in spite of the modern developments threaten their native lands.

    • LouisaDembul profile image
      Author

      LouisaDembul 7 years ago

      Nice lens about a very interestign people!

    • profile image

      poutine 7 years ago

      Very informative lens and interesting to learn about the Sami people.

    • KarenHC profile image

      Karen 7 years ago from U.S.

      Fascinating lens -- I want to learn more about the Sami people. My grandfather's family came from northern Norway, but I don't think they were Sami....but it's still been an interesting topic for me. I also loved the music video of Sofia Jannok.

    • norma-holt profile image

      norma-holt 7 years ago

      Lovely insightful lens on these people. Love the graphics on the drum,

    • LizMac60 profile image

      Liz Mackay 7 years ago from United Kingdom

      Great lens. I'm always interested in aborigine peoples.

    • HealthfulMD profile image

      Kirsti A. Dyer 7 years ago from Northern California

      Irenemaria, you have done an amazing job creating a lens on the Sami. I will now know not to use the derogatory older term. I'd had the The Sami People: Traditions in Transitions book in my list of books to eventually order. My background is Finnish.

    • profile image

      julieannbrady 7 years ago

      Well, this is incredibly interesting to learn of these peoples. I must honestly say that I had never heard of them. The world is such a wealth of incredible peoples. I wish that I could live a LOT longer to explore it all.

    • Sensitive Fern profile image

      Sensitive Fern 7 years ago

      I've always been interested in indigenous cultures around the world but didn't really know about the Sami until the opening ceremonies of the winter Olympics at Lillehammer in 1994. Something about them really impressed me, like a long forgotten memory. Last year I read an interesting travel book that really gave me a good picture of the modern life of the Sami. It's called The Palace of the Snow Queen: Winter Travels in Lapland by Barbara Sjoholm.

    • profile image

      grannysage 7 years ago

      Very interesting. I have both a Swedish and Finnish background so this really spoke to me. I am also interested in learning more about the world's indigenous peoples, whose lands and lifestyles are being threatened. Lensrolled to Web of Connection

    • GonnaFly profile image

      Jeanette 7 years ago from Australia

      What a great read! We learned a little about the Sami people in our homeschool a few years ago so this was very interesting. Thanks.

    • OhMe profile image

      Nancy Tate Hellams 8 years ago from Pendleton, SC

      This was so interesting. I didn't know anything about the Sami so feel like I learned something here. Thank you.

    • LairMistress profile image

      Karen I Olsen 8 years ago from Seattle, WA USA

      Hello from Seattle, USA! Great lens you've got here. Is it true that the Sami reindeer-herding tradition has been badly affected by the Chernobyl disaster? I've heard that Sami herders can no longer sell reindeer meat for human consumption because of the radioactive contamination, which is most unfortunate. I am part Norwegian and Swedish, and really hope I can visit those countries sometime soon. I'm quite interested in Sami/Sapmi music and spiritual traditions as well...

      Thanks for writing,

      --Karen Olsen (aka LairMistress)

    • profile image

      knozit 9 years ago

      Stor linsen! My wife is of Finnish descent and has family tree connections to the Lappland Sami people. Very interesting to me. Tack själv mycket, for sharing the Sami story Maria. 5 stars from me!

    • profile image

      anonymous 9 years ago

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      anonymous 9 years ago

      Nice information - I love Sápmi very much. Here are my impressions about the landscape in the northern part of Sweden and Norway (german).

    • allinfoisfree profile image

      allinfoisfree 9 years ago

      Wow! Lots of great info! 5*'s Thanks!

    • GramaBarb profile image

      GramaBarb 9 years ago from Vancouver

      I am happy to see that this lens has been blessed by a squidAngel. It is very deserving of it. 5*!

    • RuthCoffee profile image

      RuthCoffee 9 years ago

      Very educational, I learned quite a lot! Wonderful pictures too.

    • K Linda profile image

      K Linda 9 years ago

      Thank you for so much wonderful information about a people that most know little or nothing about. Very interesting lens. 5*'s

    • evelynsaenz1 profile image

      Evelyn Saenz 9 years ago from Royalton

      I grew up believing that the Laplanders raised reindeer for Santa Claus. After the accident at Chernobyl I have worried about them and wondered how they have survived and if their land was again green. Thank you for such a beautiful portrait of the Laplanders.

    • chefkeem profile image

      Achim Thiemermann 9 years ago from Austin, Texas

      The first time I heard about Laplanders was from my father. He had fought in Norway and Finland during WW-2. This lens is a beautiful portrait of a beautiful people. Fantastic page, Irene! 5*s

      A hearty SquidAngel Blessing for you!

    • eccles1 profile image

      eccles1 9 years ago

      wow I love this lens!!