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Knights - Soldiers Through Time Unit Study 3

Updated on November 8, 2014

In module three of The Soldiers Through Time unit study students enter the world of Medieval Knights. From castles to catapults, heraldry to horses this module covers information about Knights of old. Fun activities are added to the lessons to keep kids interested in what they are learning about and also to strengthen the basics of english, math, art, history and geography.

Module 3: Medieval Knights

It was the age of kings, nobles, castles and wars. It fell between 1000 C.E. and 1500 C.E. It was the Medieval Ages. The soldier of this time period was the loyal knight. Knights would swear an oath of fealty (loyalty) to the king and would fight for the king.

Did You Know?

In Medieval England life was organized into a feudal system.

Becoming a Knight

Most knights were the sons of noblemen, landowners, or knights. Around the age of 8, a young son would be sent to the neighboring castle to be a page. At the age of fifteen or sixteen the page would then become a squire and would serve a knight. At about 20 years of age the squire would become a knight after proving himself worthy.

Did You Know?

A knight was expected to follow a special code of conduct called chivalry.

A Knight's Armor

Armour in the Middle Ages was very expensive. Only full knights could afford a full suit of armor. Horses could also be outfitted with armor. But armor was not just a simple set of clothes, it was very complicated.

Did You Know?

It took two men to dress a knight in his armor.

Defending the Castle - a Knight's home

Kings and nobles lived in castles with their families, their servants and their soldiers. The castle was surrounded by an outer wall with a gatehouse being the only entrance.The outer wall was made with merlons which enabled knights to see out but still remain hidden. Most castles were surrounded by a moat (deep ditch sometimes filled with water) which was covered by a drawbridge to allow entrance. The drawbridge would be pulled closed at night and during battles which limited entrance through the castle walls.

Did You Know?

The main methods of attacking a Medieval Castle were with Fire, Battering Rams, Ladders and Catapults.

When knights began wearing helmets that completely hid their faces it made them unrecognizable to both friends and enemies. So, symbols such as lions or other beasts were painted on the knights' shields and banner in order for them to be recognized during battle. Designs became more complex and finally developed into a complicated science called heraldry - a system of personal symbols by which a knight could be recognized.

Did You Know?

Heralds are the men who design coats of arms and make sure that no two designs are the same.


When not in battle, knights would spend time in games and tournaments. The most popular activity of the knights was the tournament. The "tourney" was a contest between two teams of knights. Originally used as practice for warfare tournaments eventually became a form of entertainment.

Did You Know?

Tournaments were played out with blunted weapons but there were still injuries and sometimes deaths.

Try it yourself

When you download the full unit study you can delve more into the world of Knights. There is more information, and some fun activities waiting in module 3 of the Soldiers Through Time unit study!

For the complete unit study message us through hedremp at yahoo dot ca

Comments on my page? - Thanks for reading!

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    • BarbRad profile image

      Barbara Radisavljevic 

      6 years ago from Templeton, CA

      A good unit study, but I can't believe that price on A Soldier's Life: A Visual History of Soldier's Through the Ages. I sell it for only about $7.00. Must be a third party seller who thinks it's rare. Maybe it is. Maybe I should raise my price. It's a good book, though.

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      Another wonderful study for all ages.

    • SheGetsCreative profile image

      Angela F 

      6 years ago from Seattle, WA

      Nice unit - learning about knights can be fascinating.

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      I always wanted to be a Knight when i was small - I used to think of my bike as a horse and rode around with canes like lances - how I didn't hurt myself or anyone else is a miracle


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