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Sultans of the Ottoman Empire

Updated on September 10, 2014

List of all the Sultans of the Ottoman Empire

The Ottoman Empire was one of the largest Empires & Dynasties to dominate the World. It had 623 years of conquest and glory starting in1299 until its end in 1922. In the 623 years of its Ottoman State and Monarchy 36 Sultans claimed its throne and in this lens we showcase all the 36 Sultans as well as 1 important leader of the Oghuz Turks tribe which preceded the official formation of the Ottoman Empire in 1299. From conquest to the collapse of the Ottoman Empire the roles and the qualities of each single Sultan certainty varied, but few traditions remained common such as the faith in Islam, the strong patriotric duty and need for conquest, the need for luxury and in some cases indolence and depravity.

Lens In progress: Last Updated 11/30/13

1 - Emir I - Leader of Oghuz Tribe

Emir Gazi

Born: 1191 Died: 1281

Reign: 1230 - 1281

Leader of the Clan of the Oghuz tribe, before the formation of the Ottoman Empire

Stage of Empire: Rise of the Ottoman Empire

Osman Gazi
Osman Gazi

2 - Osman I - Founder of The Dynasty of Ottoman Turks 1st Sultan of Ottoman Empire

Osman Gazi - Son of Emir Gazi

Born: 1258 Died: 1324

Reign: 1281 - 1299

Declared independence from the Anatolian Seljuk Empire on July 27 1299. He is considered to be the founding father of the Ottoman Empire

Stage of Empire: Rise of the Ottoman Empire

Orhan gazi
Orhan gazi

3 - Orhan I - 2nd Sultan of Ottoman Empire

Orhan Gazi - Son of Osman Gazi

Born: 1281 Died: 1362

Reign: 1326 - 1362

Orhan Bey had A very long regn that lasted until his death in 1362

Stage of Empire: Rise of the Ottoman Empire

In my visit to city of Bursa.... A picture inside the ornate Tomb of Osman Gazi.

In my visit to city of Bursa.... A picture inside the ornate Tomb of Osman Gazi.
In my visit to city of Bursa.... A picture inside the ornate Tomb of Osman Gazi.
Murat 1
Murat 1

4 - Murat I - 3rd Sultan of Ottoman Empire

Murat I - Son of Orhan 1

Born: 1326 Died: 1389

Reign: 1362 - 1389

Murat I was nicknamed "the God Like" given his eagerness for conquest. He reigned until his battlefield death in Battle of Kosovo Polje

Stage of Empire: Rise of the Ottoman Empire

Bayezid I
Bayezid I

5 - Bayezid I - 4th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire

Bayezid I - Son of Murat I

Born: 1354 Died: 1403

Reigned: 1389 - 1403

Known as the "Thunderbolt", Bayezid reign was not long as he was captured and killed in the battle of Ankara.

Stage of Empire: Rise of the Ottoman Empire

Sultan Mehmet I
Sultan Mehmet I

6 - Mehmet I - 5th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire

Mehmet I - Son of Bayezid

Born: 1390 Died: 1421

Reigned: 1413 - 1421

Known as the Second Founder of the Empire for restoring its powers after few internal wars, Mehmet I reign until his death

Stage of Empire: Rise of the Ottoman Empire

Stages of Ottoman Empire

1 Rise (1299-1453)

2 Growth (1453-1683)

3 Stagnation (1683-1827)

4 Decline (1828-1908)

5 Dissolution (1908-1923)

Murat II
Murat II

7 - Murat II - 6th Sultan of Ottoman Empire

Murat II - Son of Mehmet I

Born: 1404 Died: 1451

Reigned: 1421 - 1451

Known for a long reign of wars. Wars that lasted over 25 years.

Stage of Empire: Rise of the Ottoman Empire

Fatih Mehmet ii Ottoman empire Sultan
Fatih Mehmet ii Ottoman empire Sultan

8 - Mehmet II - 7th Sultan of Ottoman Empire

Mehmet II - Son of Murat ii

Born: 1432 Died: 1481

Reigned: 1444 - 1446

1451 - 1481

Known as Faith Mehmet and as the Conqueror, since he conquered Constantinople, the modern Istanbul. He reigned until bis death.

Bayezid II Ottoman Sultan
Bayezid II Ottoman Sultan

9- Bayezid II - 8th Sultan of Ottoman Empire

Bayezid II - Son of Mehmet ii

Born: 1447 Died: 1512

Reigned: 1481 - 1512

Very just Bayezid II was known as the "Saint". During the last years of his throne he felt betrayed by his soon Selim who aBdicated Bayezid II in 1512 and later dies that same year.

Selim I Sultan
Selim I Sultan

10 - Selim I - 9th Sultan of Ottoman Empire

Selim I - Son of Bayezid II

Born: 1465 Died: 1512

Reigned: 1512 - 1520

Nicknamed the Steadfast and known for conquering large areas.He dies Ill.

Sultan Suleiman I
Sultan Suleiman I

11 - Suleiman I - 10th Sultan of Ottoman Empire

Suleiman I - Son of Selim I

Born: 1494 Died: 1566

Reigned: 1520 - 1566

Known as Suleiman the Magnificent, he extended the Empire's reach and reigned until his death.

12 - Selim II - 11th Sultan of Ottoman Empire

Selim II - Son of Suleiman I

Born: 1494 Died: 1566

Reigned: 1524 - 1574

Known as "The Blond" and later the "Drunkard" for abandoning power to his ministers in order to pursue his orgies and debauches. He reigned until his death in 1574

Ottoman Empire Capitals

Sogut : 1302-1326

Bursa : 1326-1365

Edirne : 1365-1453

Constantinople: 1453-1922

13 - Murat III - 12th Sultan of Ottoman Empire

Murat III - Son of Selim II

Born: 1546 Died: 1595

Reigned: 1574 - 1595

Reigned until his death, Murat III is know for the assassination all his younger brother in order to sustain power. He enjoyed the arts.

Sultan Ahmed I
Sultan Ahmed I

14 - Armed I - 13th Sultan of Ottoman Empire

Armed I - Son of Mehmet III

Born: 1590 Died: 1617

Reigned: 1603 -1617

A good decision maker and very courageous, Armed reigned until his death.

sultan Mustafa I
sultan Mustafa I

15 - Mustafa I - 14th Sultan of Ottoman Empire

Mustafa I - Son of Armed I

Born: 1591 Died: 1639

Reigned: 1617 - 1618 and 1622 - 1623

Also know as "Deli" which means mentally retarded, he ruled for a very short time.

The Sultans of the Ottoman Empire

Sultan Osman II
Sultan Osman II

16 - Osman II - 15th Sultan of Ottoman Empire

Osman II - Son of Armed I

Born: 1604 Died: 1622

Reigned: 1618 - 1622

Known as "the Young" for taking the throne at the age of 14 years old, Osman II tried to reform the Ottoman Military and was tortured and killed by Janissaries at a very young age.

Sultan Murat IV
Sultan Murat IV

17 - Murat IV - 16th Sultan of Ottoman Empire

Murat IV - Son of Armed I

Born: 1612 Died: 1640

Reigned: 1623 - 1640

the last of 3 brothers to reign Murat IV had a long time as Sultan of Ottoman Empire and reigned until his death by complications caused by alcoholism.

Sultam Ibrahim
Sultam Ibrahim

18 - Ibrahim - 17th Sultan of Ottoman Empire

Ibrahim - Son of Armed I

Born: 1615 Died: 1648

Reigned: 1640 - 1648

Also known as "The Deranged", Sultan Ibrahim is most known for conquering Crete.

The sultan ottoman miniature painting.

The sultan ottoman miniature painting.
The sultan ottoman miniature painting.
Mehmed iv
Mehmed iv

19- Mehmed -18th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire

Mehmed IV- Son of Ibrahim

Born: 1642 Died: 1693

Reigned: 1648 - 1693

Also known as The Hunter Mehmed took the throne at the early age of 6 years old. He ruled the Ottoman empire for long years, however he assigned a lot of his executive power to a Grand Vizier and spent most of his time outdoors, hunting.

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    • RestlessKnights profile image

      RestlessKnights 

      6 years ago

      I liked it. It's good to be able to find this information in on place here.

    • Mix Mafra profile imageAUTHOR

      Michelle Mafra 

      6 years ago from Corona CA

      @JoshK47: Glad you like it. I will be posting more updates to this lens as I still have 33 Sultans to post! Looks like this article will be one of my long ones:)

    • profile image

      JoshK47 

      6 years ago

      Very interesting!

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