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teacher education in karnataka
Teacher training in karnataka
- Karnataka is a big state in India. It is in south India. It has six crore population.
- Since independence, it had only 71 teacher training colleges (B.Ed Colleges)to train secondary school teachers in this state.That means, there was control of state govt. & central govt. on opening such colleges.
- But , in 2003 Indian govt. took a decision to liberalize higher education by permitting all those private managements to open higher education institutions, like medical, engineering , and teacher training colleges,(of course, through proper agencies) if they fulfill the norms prescribed by concerned autonomous agencies set up by central government.
- In India , A body called 'National council for Teacher Education' is the key body to decide whether permission is to be given to a particular management to open a teacher training college, or not. It has a southern regional office at Bangalore, the capital of Karnataka,to look after such applications in five southern states in India.
- This body, after sending visiting teams to all such places from where it had received applications for permission to open fresh B.Ed colleges,permitted the opening of about 230 B.Ed colleges in Karnataka.By this , total number of B.Ed colleges jumped up from 71 to 300 instantly.It happened in December 2003.
- That means , It had taken almost 50 years to have 71 B.Ed colleges in the state. But in only one year, the number was increased by four times.
- The bad effect is being experienced within three years. Each college has an intake capacity of 100. That means ,totally about 3,00,00 graduates are necessary to fill these colleges and make them run economically. But such number is not emerging from the colleges in the state. Out of state students are also not coming because, they also have enough number of such colleges.
- The managements have spent more than 50 lakhs of rupees per college. Annual recurring expenditure ( if salary according to govt. rules is paid)will be about 15 lakhs of rupees.(1 u.s. dollar =46 rupees)State govt has permitted to collect rs. 38000-00 per student who comes to take admission under management quota seats.But nobody is coming forward to take seat by paying such fees. They are asking for admission at lesser fee like rs.15,000 or ,20,000. Even at that rate , seats are not getting filled.
- State govt. has reserved 50% of seats in each college to be allotted to merited students for a lesser fee of rs.10,000.But in about 50% of the colleges, it has been able to allot so many students!
- now the condition has become so pathetic that-
(a) Managements can not close the colleges because of unemployment to already employed people , & wastage of invested funds.
(b)They have to allow bad activities to attract students.
(c) They have to keep low- paid staff or part-time staff.
11 As a result of all this, the quality of teacher-education is deteriorating.
12 This is the condition of teacher-education in many parts of India since just two years.
13 But this can not continue for long. Within two years, only those managements, who can pool funds from other sources and run institutions qualitatively , will survive & others will close down.
14. Six months after publishing this hub, now there is the news that-about twenty colleges have intimated the department not to allot government seats as they are going to close down their colleges.
15. It has been found out by the examination committee that nearly 17 colleges in Bangalore university jurisdiction alone have conducted practical exams without getting approval from the university for their time-table and panel of examiners.
16 Modification in paras 14 and 15 effected on 13-11-2007.
Note added on 30January,2014
Recently, some strict measures are being taken bysome universities. Bengaluru University has cancelled permission to 7 B.Ed colleges. Tumkur University has cancelled permission to 9 colleges as per the direction of NCTE