- Education and Science
The Nobel Prizes 2009
Every year on 10 of December since 1901
Awarded for Outstanding contributions in Physics, Chemistry, Literature, Peace, and Physiology or Medicine.
The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, commonly identified with the Nobel Prize, is awarded for outstanding contributions in Economics. Presented by Swedish Academy Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences
Karolinska Institutet Norwegian Nobel Committee Country Sweden, (Norway)
The nominations are exposed from October and forward. I will present them all here on this lens as they are announced.
The Nobel prize in medicine
Elizabeth Blackburn, Carol Greider och Jack Szostak from USA. for the discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase.
University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine Baltimore, MD, USA Howard Hughes Medical Institute
Harvard Medical School; Massachusetts General Hospital Boston, MA, USA
The announcement of the Medicine prizes
So here is a thorough description of why they got the prizes.
The Prize winners in medicine 2009
The Nobel prize in physiology
The Nobel Prizes in Physics 2009 go to: Charles K. Kao, Willard S. Boyle, George E. Smith
"for groundbreaking achievements concerning the transmission of light in fibers for optical communication" - We all know the importance of that!
"for the invention of an imaging semiconductor circuit - the CCD sensor"
Announcement physics prizes 2009
Telecommunication is the winner here =)
Books written about the science around the prizes
They are key devices for high-speed optical signal processing, i.e. monitoring, measurement and control, and will thus give a wide technological basis for innovative science and technology. All these aspects of ultrahigh-speed optical transmission technology are described in detail in this book.
The Nobel prize in litterature
The quote is from Dagens Nyheter, Sweden
When Peter Englund, the newly appointed permanent secretary of the Swedish Academy, got to present his first Nobel Prize winner, it was a personal favourite of his. "Her language is superb - and she has something to say," he told reporters. In the packed hall of the Stockholm Stock Exchange, Peter Englund made his debut as Nobel Prize presenter - without faltering.
But even the most eloquent sometimes end up speechless, and Herta Mller's first own comment upon learning she was the winner was: "I am surprised and still can't believe it, that's all I can say for now."
In interview upon interview, however, the permanent secretary of the Swedish academy explained why Herta Mller is so deserving of her Nobel Prize:
"She is outstanding. Her language is superb, she is extremely precise in her words - and she has something to say. She tells about homelessness and alienation, what it is like to belong to a language minority and how people survive under dictatorship."
Here is the official video of the announcement
Books written by and about Herta Mller
I think Amazon will have to hurry up and get as many as possible of her books!
The Nobel prize in chemistry
Vankatraman Ramakrishnan, Thomas A Steitz och Ada Yonath get the prizes for their research about how the DNA-code is converted into life.
We all know about the spiral DNA but what is it that makes the DNA code alive. This is what the prize winnders have the anser to
Interview about the 2009 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
Books about this chemistry subject
Professor Steitz reviews the latest research in structural studies of DNA-binding proteins and their complexes with DNA, describing the use of new techniques in molecular genetics, DNA synthesis, protein crystallography and nuclear magnetic resonance in the field.
Signature in the Cell is the first book to make a comprehensive case for intelligent design based upon DNA.
The Nobel prize in economy
For the very first time to a woman!
Elinor Ostrom, Universeity of California and Oliver E Williamson, Indiana university.
are rewarded with the Nobel prize in economy
Elinor Ostroms research is about nature resorces and her most important work is Governing the commons. She gets the prize "for her analysis of economic governance, especially the commons"
Oliver E Williamson, scientist at University of California, Berkeley, is rewarded for "for his analysis of economic governance, especially the boundaries of the firm"
Economy research - Books written by the Economy Prize winners
The Nobel prize in peace
Peace prize award goes to The President of the United States - Barack Obama
The Norwegian Nobel Committee has decided that the Nobel Peace Prize for 2009 is to be awarded to President Barack Obama for his extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples.
Especially was his efforts to make a nuclear free world noticed.
Announcement of surprise to many
President Obamas speach
His words shook many at the Nobel peace prize ceremony
Books by and about Barack Obama
Swedish royal family
Attending the Nobel festivals for over 20 years
Here is the link to ALL Nobel prize laureates
The Nobel Prizes are awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, the Swedish Academy, the Karolinska Institutet, and the Norwegian Nobel Committee to individuals and organizations who make outstanding contributions in the fields of chemistry, physics, literature, peace, and physiology or medicine.
They were established by the 1895 will of Alfred Nobel, which dictates that the awards should be administered by the Nobel Foundation. Another prize, the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, was established in 1968 by the Sveriges Riksbank, the central bank of Sweden, for contributors to the field of economics. Each prize is awarded by a separate committee; the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences awards the Prizes in Physics, Chemistry, and Economics, the Karolinska Institute awards the Prize in Physiology or Medicine, and the Norwegian Nobel Committee awards the Prize in Peace.
Each recipient receives a medal, a diploma and a monetary award that has varied throughout the years
- Nobel prize laureates
Wikipedia has listed them all in columns!
The prize is known all over the world
A maximum of three laureates and two different works may be selected per award. Each award can be given to a maximum of three recipients per year. Each "Nobel Prize Award" consists of a gold medal, a diploma, and a monetary grant:
The highlight of the Nobel Prize Award Ceremony in Stockholm occurs when each Nobel Laureate steps forward to receive the prize from the hands of His Majesty the King of Sweden. In Oslo, the Chairman of the Norwegian Nobel Committee presents the Nobel Peace Prize in the presence of the King of Norway. Under the eyes of a watching world, the Nobel Laureate receives three things: a diploma, a medal and a document confirming the prize amount.
The grant is currently 10 million SEK, slightly more than US$1.2 million.